Is the word noun a proper name
Upper and lower case: proper names (§ 59 - § 62)
For exceptions see below, paragraph (4.4).
Proper names in the sense of this orthographic regulation are:
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Gertrud von Le Fort, Charles de Coster, Ludwig van Beethoven, the Apocalyptic Horseman, Walther von der Vogelweide, Holbein the Younger, the Old Fritz, Katharina the Great, Heinrich the Eighth, Elisabeth the Second; Little Erna
Prepositions like from, van, de, ten, to (r) In personal names you write lower case in the sentence even if they are not preceded by a first name, for example: The author of this book is called von Ossietzky.
United States of America, Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (as a federal state), Czech Republic
Neu Lübbenau, Groß Flatow, Rostock Lütten Klein, Unter den Linden, Lange Straße, In the Mittleren Holdergasse, Am Tiefen Graben, An den Drei Pfaele, Hamburger Straße, Neuer Markt
Kahler Asten, High Tatras, Holstein Switzerland, Swabian Alb, Bavarian Forest, Libyan Desert, Golden Aue, Thuringian Forest
Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Lesser Antilles, Great Belt, Schwerin Sea, Strait of Gibraltar, Cape Verde Islands, Cape of Good Hope
Little Bear, Big Dipper, Halley's Comet (also: Halley’s Comet; § 62)
the forward (Ship), the blue gentian (Railroad train), the flying hamburger (Railroad train), the blue mosque (in Istanbul), the old City Hall (in Leipzig), the French Cathedral (in Berlin), the great wall (in China), dhe Leaning Tower (in Pisa)
the flying arrow (a specific horse), the old oak (a certain tree)
the Blue Ribbon of the Ocean, Grand Austrian State Prize for Literature
German Bundestag, Federal Statistical Office, Mecklenburgisches Staatstheater Schwerin, Natural History Museum (in Vienna), green Vault (in Dresden), Clinic for Internal Medicine at the University of Rostock, Academy for Early Music Berlin, Second German Television, Federal Institute of Technology (in Zurich)
United Nations, International Olympic Committee, German Trade Union Confederation, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Christian Democratic Union, General German Automobile Club, Exchange Association of the German Book Trade, Austrian Red Cross
Deutsche Bank, Austrian Raiffeisen Association, Bibliographical Institute (in Mannheim), Deutsche Bahn, White Fleet, Hotel Vier Jahreszeiten, Gasthaus zur Neuen Post, Zum Goldenen Anker (Restaurant), Salzburg cathedral bookstore, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk AG
Berliner Zeitung, Saxon Latest News, German as a Foreign Language, Dermatological Monthly, Die Zeit
If the article is changed at the beginning, it is written in lower case, for example: She read that in the time.
Black Continent, Far East, Middle East, United States, House of Lords
A. Müller, Astrid M., A. M. (= Astrid Müller), J. W. v. Goethe; SPD (= Social Democratic Party of Germany), DGB (= German trade union federation), EU (= European Union), SBB (= Swiss Federal Railways), ORF (= Austrian radio)
the Peace of Westphalia, the Franco-German War 1870/1871, the Second World War, the Roaring Twenties
new german literature, profile, concrete (Magazines); Academy for Music and Performing Arts “Mozarteum”; To the last instance (Restaurant)
To mark the names of newspapers and magazines with quotation marks, see § 94 (1).
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