What is it like to breed tarantulas?
Breeding tarantulas / Counselor
- Breeding tarantulas
- The preparation for breeding tarantulas
- The mating ritual in tarantula breeding
- The mating of tarantulas
- The egg laying
- What happens in the egg?
- After hatching
The tarantula breeding
Tarantulas are certainly not for everyone. But if you want to prevent the extinction of tarantulas, you should deal intensively with the subject of tarantula breeding and the offspring associated with it. The Tarantula breeding is a worth seeing and at the same time also worthwhile way to reproduce the animals in a species-appropriate manner.
The preparation for breeding tarantulas
If you want to breed tarantulas, you first need a breeding pair that is also suitable for breeding tarantulas. For this reason, the tarantulas can be observed well beforehand.
When the male animal ready to mate it is of the utmost importance that the semen gets into the reproductive organs first. This is a complex process. The bulbs, i.e. the burial organs, are located on the front body at the two buttons. In preparation, the male spins a web, which is also called a sperm net.
The net is attached to objects in such a way that the male arachnid can crawl underneath. Now the sperm becomes the Tarantula attached to the net. The male animal then climbs onto the net and takes in the sperm with the bulbs. From this point on, the male is ready to mate and can release his sperm into the female's seed pockets.
The mating ritual in tarantula breeding
So when a male ready to mate meets a female tarantula, the mating ritual begins. During the mating ritual, the male spider trembles all over. With some species, it is the case that they also drum their legs and buttons on the floor.
The female perceives these vibrations. She leaves the cave and starts knocking too. This is done using the buttons and the first pair of legs. It thus signals to the male that it is ready to mate.
The male now begins to stimulate the female. To do this, it scans the front legs. Now the female straightens up with the front body, which is necessary for the male to get to the rear body of the female with his bulbs.
The mating of tarantulas
To secure this position, the male tucks his first pair of legs between the female's splayed chelicerae. Now the male tries to insert his bulbs into the epigastral groove of the female so that mating can begin.
If the mating was successful, the male releases the female and immediately runs away. This is because of the following reason. There are spider species in which the female attacks and even kills the male after mating. Once the mating has taken place, the breeder should feed the female more than average again, as this stimulates the production of the eggs.
The egg laying
Tarantulas are among the animals that lay eggs. A clutch can contain between 700 and 2000 eggs, depending on the species of spider. It can take up to 6 months for the eggs to be laid after mating. So that the male's sperm is not lost, the female stores the sperm in what is known as the sperm library.
Tarantula - laying eggs
Only when all circumstances are right will the female lay the eggs. To do this, the female spins tightly in her cave. The scrim is then spun tightly in a cocoon. It does this in the following way. First, the female spins a kind of carpet. She lays the eggs on it. Incidentally, the eggs are only fertilized when they leave the body.
When the eggs are completely laid, the carpet is spun into the above-mentioned cocoon. Tarantulas are one of the types of spiders that care for their brood. This means that the female guards the cocoon and defends it in case of danger. The female also makes sure that the cocoon is always positioned in such a way that all eggs have the same optimal conditions.
What happens in the egg?
After about 6-8 weeks, a creature develops in the egg that is only remotely reminiscent of tarantulas. The animal is colorless. The 8 legs are partially formed. Now the larva hatches from the egg. But it still remains in the cocoon.
At this stage the animals cannot yet move. After a few more weeks, moulting takes place in the second larval stage. The animal in the cocoon is still colorless and it is not yet hairy like the full-grown spider. However, it already looks a lot like a spider.
The third moult then usually begins outside the cocoon. Now the spider is fully developed and also viable. The animal is now in the first skin and goes on the hunt for the time being. The animals should now be separated, because some of the tarantulas are cannibalistic and would eat each other. From this point on the brood care of the female is finished.
When breeding tarantulas, the breeder should always make sure that the young spiders have enough to eat. It is best to feed newly hatched crickets or fruit flies. As a breeder, if you ensure that enough food is available for the small arachnids during the rearing phase, they can certainly stay in a terrarium for a while.
In addition to the normal substrate, you should ensure that there is enough moss in the terrarium. The small arachnids feel particularly comfortable in this. Still, you will lose some animals.
Small and weak animals in particular do not survive the first few weeks. But this is the same in the great outdoors and you shouldn't be discouraged by it. When breeding tarantulas, the young should be placed and reared individually after about 4-5 weeks.
While this is not difficult, it is very time consuming. Small jars and tubes that are easy to close are ideal for individual rearing. However, one should definitely pay attention to the temperature and humidity when breeding tarantulas. To do this, 1/3 of the container is filled with soaked vermiculite.
If the moisture in the container is sufficient, the young spiders do not have to be specially supplied with water. After all, additional water carries the risk that the young spiders drown. As a breeder, you should always ensure that the containers for the spiders grow with the growth of the animal.
Towards the end of rearing, square containers with a side length of 12 cm are ideal. This is where the little tarantulas have their habitat for the next few months. Breeding tarantulas is therefore a very complex affair, but it is definitely worthwhile for both parties.
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