Smoke grenades were used in World War II

Close defense weapon

The Close defense weapon was a device for firing smoke grenades that was used in German armored vehicles in the final stages of World War II. It could also be used for short-range defense by firing HE shells.


The close defense weapon made it possible to fire smoke grenades from inside the vehicle under armor protection. With the externally attached smoke pots that had been used up until then, there was a risk that they would explode under enemy fire and the smoke would render the crew incapable of fighting.

The close-range defense weapon consisted of a rotatable throwing cup with a 92mm diameter, which was attached at an angle in the interior of the armored vehicle, at an opening in the top of the hull or the turret. The back of the throwing cup could be opened by means of a hinge for loading the grenade. After loading, the throwing cup was closed and the ignition screw screwed into a recess on the back of the throwing cup. Firing was done by operating the trigger at the rear of the throwing cup.

The Schnellnebelkerze 39 was used as a smoke grenade.

With the close-up weapon deployed, explosive grenades or flares could also be fired from the interior of the tank with the combat pistol.


The close defense weapon was first used on the Tiger I in March 1944. It was then used in other armored vehicles such as the Panther, Jagdpanther, Tiger II, Sturmgesch├╝tz III and Panzer IV.

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