How does Google deal with self-criticism

Self-criticism as a mechanism of change in psychotherapy


Self-criticism plays a central role in the development of mental disorders and also has a negative influence on the success of treatment in the context of psychotherapy. However, there is a gap in research into the exact mechanism by which self-critical beliefs negatively affect the recovery of mentally ill patients. Therefore, the planned doctorate aims to examine self-criticism as a mechanism of change in psychotherapy. In a first study, a systematic review with meta-analysis is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of previous research on the relationship between self-criticism and the success of psychotherapy. A subsequent, empirical study will examine to what extent the reduction of self-criticism during psychotherapy leads to recovery in the sense of an improvement in symptoms.

To this end, an innovative external assessment tool is being developed to record self-critical attitudes. To test the causal hypothesis that an improvement in self-criticism leads to recovery, a longitudinal design with several measurements is selected in order to be able to model the mutual influence of self-criticism and symptoms by taking the correct chronological sequence into account. This is to be done on the basis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of psychotherapy of 66 depressed patients (therapy tapes from the Munich psychotherapy study). It is to be expected that the knowledge gained will make a significant contribution to understanding how psychotherapy works and that psychotherapists will be sensitized to the importance of self-critical processes in the context of their clinical work.