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Oakland Athletics

Oakland Athletics
founded in 1901 (Major League)
Full name
Oakland Athletics
abbreviation
OAK
previous names)
  • Oakland A's (1970-1980)
  • Oakland Athletics (1968-1969)
  • Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967)
  • Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954)
Nickname (s)
The A’s
Club colors
Green, gold, white

  

league
Ball park (s)
  • Oakland Coliseum (1968-present)
  • Municipal Stadium (Kansas City) (1955-1967)
  • Shibe Park (Philadelphia) (1909-1954)
  • Columbia Park (Philadelphia) (1901-1908)
successes
  • 9 times World Series:
    1910, 1911, 1913, 1929, 1930, 1972–1974, 1989
  • 15 times American League:
    1902, 1905, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1914, 1929–1931,
    1972–1974, 1988–1990
  • NA Title: 1871
  • 14 division titles:
    1971–1975, 1981 (1.H.), 1988–1990, 1992, 2000,
    2002, 2003, 2006
  • 1 time Wild Card 2001
Website: http://athletics.mlb.com

The Oakland Athletics are a major league baseball team from Oakland, California. You play in the Western Division the American League. The team is often abbreviated as The A’s designated.

history

Origins

The Oakland Athletics were founded in Indianapolis in 1893 and played in the Western League, a minor league that became the American League in 1900. In 1901 the A’s moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where they played as the Philadelphia Athletics until 1954. From 1955 to 1967, the Athletics played in Kansas City, Missouri, and eventually moved to Oakland in 1968.

The name Athletics goes to an amateur team called Athletics of Philadelphia back, which was founded in 1860. After this team became a professional baseball team, they joined the 1871 National Association of Professional Baseball and won her first Pennant title in the Major Leagues in the first year. The Athletics of Philadelphia played in the National Association until 1875 and were a founding member of the National League in 1876, but were expelled from the league after just one season. A later team in the Athletics played in the 1882-1891 American Association.

Oakland (1968-present)

Percentage of Oakland A’s games won during the regular season

Three World Series in a row

After a sporting dry spell of 40 years, the A’s had great success again during the first half of the 1970s. They won the World Series three times in a row (1972–1974). The star of the team was outfielder Reggie Jackson, who ranks 11th on the all-time leaderboard with his home runs.[1] The three strongest pitchers were Catfish Hunter, Rollie Fingers and Vida Blue, all of whom received the Cy Young Award over the course of their careers.[2] Other pillars of the team were Sal Bando (third base), Joe Rudi (outfield) and Bert Campaneris (shortstop). Most of these players left the Athletics by 1977, which was followed by several poor seasons.

The Bay Series

It was not until the early 1980s that a new, successful team could be built. Finally, this again reached the final of the play-offs three times in a row (1988, 1989 and 1990), where they won the 1989 World Series. Since the finals were played against the neighboring San Francisco Giants, these went as Bay Series into the story. One of the most successful players of this era was Rickey Henderson (Outfield), the player with the most stolen bases in MLB history[3], as well as the two SluggerJosé Canseco (outfield) and Mark McGwire (first base), who are 32nd and 8th respectively on the list with the most home runs. Other important players on this team were the pitchers Dennis Eckersley and Dave Stewart, Carney Lansford (third base) and Walt Weiss (shortstop). After 1992 the team fell apart.

Moneyball Years

Billy Beane has been General Manager of the A’s since 1997. This formed a new team that was significantly cheaper than the championship teams of the 1970s and 1980s. Beane selected players who seemed mediocre according to current statistics, but according to so-called Sabermetrics were above average.[4] This phase was called Moneyball Years designated. Despite being financially inferior to the competition, the Athletics managed to move into the play-offs from 2000-2003, where they failed each time in the first round (de facto in the quarterfinals). This period was dominated by the as Big Three designated pitchers Tim Hudson, Mark Mulder and Barry Zito. In addition there were the infielder Jason Giambi (first base), Miguel Tejada (shortstop) and Eric Chavez (third base; six-time winner of the Gold Glove), who were each good batter. After the 2004 season, all top players except for Chavez were given up in exchange for young talent.

Since 2006

In 2006 the A’s achieved their last success: They not only reached the play-offs, but also made it to the final of the American League, where they were defeated by the Detroit Tigers. After this season, the more well-known players were exchanged for talents from other teams. This was followed by three years with more defeats than wins for the team.

Logo and stadium

The old English "A" as a jersey badge

Over the years, the Athletics have honored their amateur ancestors with their jerseys. Until 1954, when "Athletics" appeared on the front of the jerseys for the first time, the team's name did not appear on either home or away jerseys. Furthermore, there was never "Philadelphia" or the letter "P" on the hats or jerseys. The standard Athletics jersey only had a stylized "A" on the left front, which could also be seen on the hats. While the team was playing in Kansas City, the away jerseys read "Kansas City" and an interlocking "KC" on the hats. When the company moved to Oakland, the "A" was reintroduced on the hat and jersey, and in 1970 the "Apostrophe S" was added to its current form.

Currently, the Athletics wear jerseys labeled "Athletics" at home games and "Oakland" away from home. The hat and team logo is still the traditional stylized "A's"

mascot

After John McGraw, the manager of the New York Giants, told reporters that the new team's lead owner, Benjamin Shibe, owned a "white elephant" (in English, the term "white elephant" means something that is more labor or cost than It's worth it), despite the allegations, manager Connie Mack took on the white elephant as the team's mascot. Over the years the color only changed several times, currently the elephant is forest green. The athletics are sometimes called, albeit irregularly Elephants or White Elephants designated.

The elephant was replaced in 1963 by the then owner Charles O. Finley by a mule, the heraldic animal of the State of Missouri. In 1986 the elephant was reintroduced as a symbol of athletics and currently adorns the left sleeve of home and away jerseys.

Stadion

For years, the owners of the team faced the problematic question of where to host their home games. The Oakland Coliseum has been considered by many to be one of the best major league baseball stadiums, although it was originally designed as a multi-purpose facility and was also used as a venue by the football team, the Oakland Raiders. After the Raiders moved to Los Angeles in 1982, many improvements were made to the stadium, which has now become a pure ballpark.

In 1994 a contract was signed, whereby the Los Angeles Raiders would move back to Oakland for the '95 season. The agreement required the Coliseum to be expanded to over 63,000 seats. The rural view of the foothills that fans could enjoy when visiting the stadium has been replaced by a huge grandstand, which is contemptuously called "Mount Davis" by baseball fans, named after the owner of the Raiders, Al Davis. From the point of view of baseball fans, however, the high point of the insults was that the expansion was not yet completed at the beginning of the 96 baseball season, which forced the Athletics to play their first home games in a different stadium. In the end, it had a capacity of 9,300 Cashman Field in Las Vegas, Nevada. Six "home games" were played there.

Since then, the owners have stated that a new ballpark is necessary to ensure the economic survival of the Athletics. In 2005, the new owner Lewis Wolff published his plans to build a new arcade with 35,000 seats. The New Oakland Ballpark is to be built not far from the current venue as part of a larger commercial and residential area.

Rivalries

The Athletics have no major rivalries on the scale of the rivalries between the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox, the Los Angeles Dodgers and the San Francisco Giants, or between the Chicago Cubs and the St. Louis Cardinals. This is partly because the team has been in the back of the division for their last two decades in Philadelphia and all of their time in Kansas City. Another reason was the two moves over the years, which prevented local rivalries. Although the Athletics have played in the American League since 1901, their competitors in the division are from later years. The Los Angeles Angels were founded in 1961, as were the Texas Rangers (who have only played in Dallas since 1972). The Seattle Mariners were not formed until 1977. The athletics' worst rivals within the American League in recent years, however, have been the teams they faced back in the Philadelphia era, such as the New York Yankees and Boston Red Sox, if only because of the highly competitive clashes in the Play -Offs.

A strong rivalry with the Kansas City Royals established itself in the 1970s, sparked by Kansas City fans who were dissatisfied with the 1968 A's move from Kansas City to Oakland. There is also rivalry between the two cities' football teams, the Oakland Raiders and the Kansas City Chiefs.

In the past few decades, a strong rivalry has developed with the San Francisco Giants due to their geographical proximity.The meeting of the two teams is commonly referred to as the "Bay Bridge Series". The name of the series comes from the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge that connects the two cities. The teams faced each other in the 1989 World Series, the Athletics clearly won 4-0, a so-called sweep. Since both teams have long and storied pasts, they met three times in the World Series before they moved to the West Coast (the Giants are originally from New York), of which the Athletics won two and the Giants won a title.

Athletics in the Baseball Hall of Fame

Squad

Oakland Athletics Squad 2009
Active squadCoaching staff
Pitcher
Starting rotation

Bullpen

  • 13 Jerry Blevins
  • 56 Craig Breslow
  • 53 Trevor Cahill
  • 57 Chad Gaudin
  • 59 Edwar Ramírez
  • 66 Tyson Ross
  • 31 Brad Ziegler
  • 48 Michael Wuertz

Closer

Catcher
  • 8 Kurt Suzuki
  • 35 Landon Powell

Infielder

  • 10 Daric Barton
  • 3 Eric Chavez
  • 14 Mark Ellis
  • 50 Jake Fox
  • 5 Kevin Kouzmanoff
  • 1 Eric Patterson
  • 2 Cliff Pennington
  • 7 Adam Rosales

Outfielder

  • 6 Travis Buck
  • 4 coconut crisp
  • 32 Jack Cust
  • 11 Rajai Davis
  • 18 Gabe large
  • 15 Ryan Sweeney
Manager

Coaches

  • 12 Mike Gallego (Third Bbase)
  • 37 Ron Romanick (Bullpen)
  • 20 Jim Skaalen (Hitting)
  • 38 Todd Steverson (First Base)
  • 46 Tye Waller (Bench)
  • 41 Curt Young (Pitching)

Status: May 18, 2010

statistics

successes

World Series winner (9): 1910, 1911, 1913, 1929, 1930, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1989
American League Pennant winner (15): 1902, 1905, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1914, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1988, 1989, 1990.
First of the division (13): 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1981, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2006
Wild cards (1): 2001

The Athletics have won the most World Series titles after the New York Yankees (26 titles) and the St. Louis Cardinals (10 titles).

Baseball Hall of Famers

Athletics in the Hall of Fame

Other Hall of Famers who played at the Athletics at times

Numbers that are no longer assigned

Notable events and records

  • 20 games winning streak: The Oakland Athletics won 20 games in a row between August 13 and September 4, 2002, setting a new record within the American League. The last three victories have been very dramatic, each triumph was only achieved at the end of the last inning. The series was eventually interrupted in Minnesota. The record for the entire major league is held by the New York Giants, who were unbeaten in 26 consecutive games in 1916, which is also the National League record. However, there is a tie within those 26 games, which was nothing unusual at the time (before the introduction of floodlights). The record for most consecutive games won is 21, set in 1935 by the Chicago Cubs en route to the National League Pennant.
  • City Series: The Athletics played for the first time in a championship season in June 2003 against their former city rivals and co-users of the Shibe parkswho have favourited Philadelphia Phillies. Before that, they only met at annual friendly games, which were given the title "The City Series". But since the two teams play in different leagues and never faced each other in the World Series, the two teams never met in a major game. However, the Interleague Games, which have existed since 1997, made it possible for both teams to clash during the season. Before the first game, im Veterans Stadium Held in Philadelphia celebrations honoring former Philadelphia A's players. The Phillies then won the first series at home with 2-1 games. The second series in June 2005 in Oakland were won by the Athletics 2-1.

Oakland Athletics minor league teams

  • AAA:Sacramento River Cats, Sacramento, California
  • AA:Midland RockHounds, Midland, Texas
  • Advanced A:Stockton Ports, Stockton. California
  • A.:Kane County Cougars, Geneva, Illinois
  • Short A:Vancouver Canadians, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • Rookie:Arizona League Athletics, Phoenix, Arizona

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ http: //mlb.mlb.com/stats/historical/player_stats.jsp? TeamPosCode = all & statType = 1 & timeFrame = 3 & Submit = Submit & c_id = mlb & sitSplit = & timeSubFrame2 = 0 & venueID = & baseballScope = mlb & timeSubFrame = 0
  2. ↑ http: //mlb.mlb.com/mlb/awards/mlb_awards_content.jsp? Content = cy_history
  3. ↑ http: //mlb.mlb.com/stats/historical/player_stats.jsp? TeamPosCode = all & statType = 1 & timeFrame = 3 & Submit = Submit & c_id = mlb & sitSplit = & timeSubFrame2 = 0 & baseballScope = mlb & timeSubFrame = 0 && sortB
  4. ↑ Michael Lewis: Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game. W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 2003. ISBN 0-393-05765-8

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