What are some paradoxes from Hindu mythology

Hijar- a paradox between asceticism and social marginalization

Cunockova, Martina (2013) Hijar- a paradox between asceticism and social marginalization.
Diploma thesis, University of Vienna. Faculty of Philological and Cultural Studies
Supervisor: Kron, Stefanie
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Abstract in German

The hijras are people who are considered neither woman nor man. These originally born men chose to live the lives of a hijra. There can be various reasons for this. Many are unsure of their sexuality from an early age and others admire the ascetic life of a hijra. To get the To approach the appearance of a hijra, the hijras wear feminine clothes and try to make their face look more feminine. Originally, the hijras were using as beings considered holy powers. In Hindu mythology there are many myths in which the special role of the hijras and their origin is described. Since androgyny and the "third gender" are popular themes in Hindu mythology, the special role of the hijras in society is reinforced. They are seen as special because of their ascetic way of life and this should give them the strength to transfer fertility to others. However, this special role and the forces cause fear in many people, as the hijras very often involve rituals that no outsiders can see. One of the most famous rituals is the emasculation ritual, which the hijras often call it Nirvan is called. In this ritual the sex organ is removed from the hijras. For the hijras, this ritual is the only way from a man to a true hijra. Since there are many hijras nowadays who do not undergo this ritual, a distinction is made between true hijras and those who did not have an emasculation ceremony. To finance a living, the Hijras offer rituals Offers services in which the newborn children or newly married couples are given a blessing. It is believed that this blessing will ensure a happy future for the children and the couples. However, due to the modernization of India, these services are no longer used and the Hijras are forced to look for other ways of earning a living. Begging and prostitution are some of the new activities that the hijras practice in order to be able to finance themselves. Above all, however, prostitution contradicts the originally ascetic one Way of life of the hijras. The hijras are viewed by society as objects of pleasure and their original role as ascetic beings is forgotten. Due to the new situation in life, they are marginalized by society and also excluded from many social processes. Your conflicting roles, you Controversial behavior and appearance does not correspond to the behavior of society.

Keywords in German

Hijra / sex / gender

Keywords in English

Hijra / sex / gender

Document Type: University thesis (diploma thesis)
Author:Cunockova, Martina
Title:Hijar- a paradox between asceticism and social marginalization
Circumference information:85 pp.
Institution:University of Vienna
Faculty:Faculty of Philological and Cultural Studies
Publication year:2013
Language:ger ... German
Supervisor:Kron, Stefanie
Assessor:Kron, Stefanie
Classification:10 Humanities in general> 10.00 Humanities in general: General
AC number:AC11845521
Document ID:30814
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