Atlanta has the nicest suburbs
Scenic beauty in the south
You can find detailed information about Atlanta here: www.visit-usa.at/georgia-atlanta
The French daily Le Monde has declared Savannah the most beautiful city in the United States. No wonder. Less than 30 km from the sea, lush landscaped parks and elegant mansions make the city, which was founded in 1733 on the Oglethorpe river of the same name, a cultural highlight. The special thing about the entire city planning are the dead straight streets, which are broken through by small squares. The idea behind this architecture was to deter any invaders. Today there are beautifully landscaped fountains in the center of these squares. Those who want to see the most beautiful can do so on a carriage ride. The best way to explore the old town is on foot.
In River Street - the central entertainment and nightlife district - there are numerous restaurants, pubs and souvenir shops, most of which are housed in the old warehouses. From here you can take the water taxi to the modern Convention Center (www.savtcc.com) Hutchinson Island drive.
Up the hill runs on the rocky bank of the Factors Walk and the Factors Row - the former center of the cotton trade, where traders and brokers negotiated prices. The entrances to the old buildings over two levels are interesting. That is also worth seeing City Market with its old buildings, where today an art and entertainment district is housed.
Today museums and other cultural institutions are housed in numerous old buildings. These belong to the most beautiful houses Davenport House on Columbia Square (www.davenporthousemuseum.org) and the one built in 1816 Owens Thomas House (Part of the Telfair Museum) in Oglethorpe Square.
Incidentally, in spring there is a unique opportunity to visit many of the otherwise blocked historical buildings. The annual Homes-and-Garden-Tour leads through numerous houses. Tickets for this will be available online from December at www.savannahtourofhomes.org (Office address: 2020 Bull St, Savannah, GA 31401). Savannah has a good selection of excellent museums. in the Telfair Museum of Art, which extends over three buildings in the old town (see also Owens-Thomas-House), as well as the Jepson Center for the Arts (on West York Street), furniture and handicrafts from the 19th century and paintings from the 19th century are displayed. and 20th century. (the head office, the Telfair Academy is located at 121 Barnard St, Savannah, all information is available on the website www.telfair.org)
The Sea Maritime Museum in the palatial Scarborough House presents ship models, ship paintings and other maritime artifacts (41 Martin Luther King Jr Blvd., Savannah, GA 31401, www.shipsofthesea.org). It is a bit outside of the old town Ralph Mark Gilbert Civil Rights Museum, which deals with the history of the African-American population and the development of basic and civil rights. (460 Martin Luther King Jr Blvd., Savannah, GA 31401, Tue to Sat 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., www.rmgilbertcivilrightsmuseum.com)
More information about Savannah
MLK Visitor Information Center, 301 Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd., Savannah, GA 31401, Monday through Sunday 9:00 am-5:30pm, www.visitsavannah.com. The website www.visit-historic-savannah.com also provides a nice overview
30 km east of downtown Savannah on Highway 80 is the recreation area Tybee Island (Tybee Island Visitor Center Information, 802 1st Street, Tybee Island, GA 31328, www.visittybee.com and www.tybeeisland.com). The way there leads on the legendary Bonaventure Cementery past, which appears as the setting in the famous novel "Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil". Also in the Clint Eastwood–The film adaptation "Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil" occurs in the cemetery next to the city of Savannah. The cover picture of the book and the film was a stone statue of a young girl who went unnoticed in the cemetery for almost 50 years and can now be seen as the "Bird Girl" in the Telfair Museum / Jepson Center for the Arts. (330 Bonaventure Rd, Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, 31404, www.findagrave.com)
On the way there is also the huge one made of bricks Fort Pulaski National Monumentwhich lies like a medieval castle at the mouth of the Savannah River. The fort, which was built from 1828 and was not completed until 1847, bears its name after the Polish-born officer Kazimierz Pulaski, who fought in the American War of Independence under George Washington. (US-80, Savannah, GA 31410 www.nps.gov/fopu)
The Spaniards gave the islands on Georgia's south coast this effective name. Whether it has to do with the golden hue of the marshland in autumn or whether it was the search for promising gold treasures is not entirely clear today. What is certain, however, is that the tourism industry is doing everything it can to keep this name. Anyone who has ever visited the islands knows that there are not only first-class beaches, but also all kinds of historical things.
Fort Frederica National Monument
In the fort on the Frederica River near Christ Church on St. Simons, ruins of the fortified village once built by Oglethorpe can be seen. The landscape in the area is delightful. On Demere Road south of the fort there was the "Battle of Bloody Marsh" between the English and the Spanish in 1742. The question was which nation should rule this part of the New World in the future. www.nps.gov/fofr
On the southern tip of the island in Neptune Park in downtown St. Simons is the lighthouse named St. Simons Island Light. The lighthouse, built in 1872, can also be climbed. 129 steps lead to the viewing platform, from which one has a comprehensive view of the surroundings. The lighthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). According to legend, the ghost of the former lighthouse keeper Frederick Osborne, who lost his life in a duel with his assistant in 1880, is up to mischief here. (www.goldenisles.com)
At Bloody Marsh lies Sea Island with the luxurious hotel "The Cloister at Sea Island", which has been one of the best hotels in the USA for years. (www.seaisland.com)
The most famous of the Golden Islands, however, is Jekyll Island with its 16 km long white sandy beach. The island was opened up at the beginning of the 20th century. This is where the super-rich like the Vanderbilts, the Goodyears and the Rockefellers spent the winter. During World War II, the Golden Isles were considered unsafe and the millionaires moved their vacation homes elsewhere. There was never an attack, so a lot of the cottages (as the villas were humbly called) are still there today - like this one Indian Mound Cottage from 1892, which William Rockefeller acquired in 1904 (www.jekyllisland.com) Crane Cottage became Jekyll Island Club Hotel (www.jekyllclub.com) repurposed.
The MOSAIC Jekyll Island Museum (www.jekyllisland.com/history) reminds of the glorious past. (100 Stable Rd., Jekyll Island, GA 31527). Jekyll Island is well known for its seafood restaurants. Belongs to the most famous eateries The Wharf (370 Riverview Dr, Jekyll Island, GA 31527 (www.jekyllwharf.com) where you can watch a wonderful sunset.
Also Zachry’s Riverhouse (1 Harbor Rd, Jekyll Island, (www.zachrys-riverhouse.site) is one of the better known eateries Holiday Inn Resort Jekyll Island (715 Beachview Dr N, Jekyll Island) is the location Beach House Restaurant & Tap Room (www.jibeachhouse.com). Eighty Ocean Kitchen and Bar (at the Jekyll Island Club Hotel) is also a very popular restaurant. More information about Jekyll Island www.jekyllisland.com
Detailed information on the Golden Isles the Brunswick County Tourist Office 529 Beachview Drive, St. Simons Island, Georgia 31522 (www.goldenisles.com)
Okefenokee Swamp National Wildlife Refuge
The swamp area of around 1,600 km² in the remote southeast of the state - near the border with Florida - is one of the real highlights of Georgia. The prehistoric and exotic landscape with cypress trees is home to turtles, alligators and otters as well as numerous water birds. The name of the marshland is derived from the language of the indigenous people, the Miccosukee Seminoles, and stands for both “bubbling water” and “trembling earth” - and describes peat moss clods that come to the surface in the water.
Those who want to visit the swamp as part of a boat trip can either do so from Okefenokee Swamp Park Waycross or from the park headquarters in Folkston turn off. Multi-day paddle tours are also offered. Fargo on West Park Access is the closest town on Stephen C Foster State Park. Here you can camp or rent a hut.
More information: Okefenokee Swamp Park, Hwy 177, Waycross, 9:00 am to 5:30 pm daily, (www.okeswamp.com). Okefenokee Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, Hwy 121, Folkston; Daily sunrise until 5:30 p.m., (www.fws.gov/okefenokee).
The city of almost 100,000 inhabitants was founded in 1823 on the Ocmulgee River. Since the residents sided with the Union during the Civil War, the city was spared attacks by General William Tecumseh Sherman. Hence, Macon today has most of Georgia's historic buildings. The most beautiful of them are in the remarkable Intown Historic District. One of these is the one built in 1855 in the Italian Renaissance style Hay House Museumthat is sumptuously furnished. (Hay House Museum, 934 Georgia Ave, www.hayhousemacon.org).
Macon is also well known as a city of music. Little Richard and Otis Redding are some of the most famous city fathers. The famous Allman Brothers are also from Macon. The Big House Museum was home to the original members of the Allman Brothers Band, their families and various friends from 1970 to 1973. The museum also hosts regular concerts. (2321 Vineville Ave, Macon, GA 31204, open Thursday to Saturday 11am to 6pm, Sunday 11am to 4pm (www.thebighousemuseum.com)
The Tubman Museum is dedicated to the history of African Americans in this part of Georgia and exhibits works by famous African American artists. (310 Cherry St, Macon, GA 31201, open Tuesday to Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m., www.tubmanmuseum.com). The Georgia Sports Hall of Fame is also nearby (301 Cherry Street, www.georgiasportshalloffame.com).
On the other side of the river you can see the archaeological site, the Ocmulgee National Monument, visit. The complex was built from 950 to around 1100 by the so-called Mississippi culture and later settled by other Indian tribes. (1207 Emery Hwy, Macon, GA 31217 www.nps.gov/ocmu).
For more information: 450 Martin Luther King Jr Blvd, Macon www.maconga.org
Thanks to the University of Georgia (UGA), the city of just under 120,000 is considered the intellectual and literary center of the state. For a few years now, Athens has also been widely known for its musicians. R.E.M., The B-52s and Widespread Panic have their origins here. The "ATHFEST" (www.athfest.com) taking place at the end of June heralds the summer holidays. After that, the city seems deserted. With the end of the holidays, life comes back to Athens and the first matches of the Georgia Bulldogs football team will take place in the fall. Most of the pubs, restaurants and music bars can be found in the restored downtown area around Broad Street. Incidentally, the houses in the "Greek Revival Architecture" are remarkable.
This is a legendary music venue 40 watt club (285 W. Washington Street, www.40watt.com). Campus tours are offered through the university's visitor center www.uga.edu. The student city of course offers numerous restaurants and bars where you can eat and drink cheaply. Further information: Athens Convention & Visitors Bureau, 300 N Thomas St, Athens, GA 30601 (www.visitathensga.com/guide)
Dahlonga, located almost 100 km northeast of Atlanta with its almost 7,000 inhabitants, is the starting point for a tour to the Blue Ridge Mountains. Gold was first found in the small town in 1828. This fact led to the US's first gold rush (almost 20 years before that in California). No wonder, then, that there is also a state one here Gold museum (1 Public Square N, Dahlonega, GA 30533, www.gastateparks.org/parks). This is housed in the courthouse on the town's central main square. In addition to a guided tour through the gold mines, guests also have the option of panning for gold themselves. Those who prefer to use gold that has already been processed can purchase coins minted by the US Mint in Dahlonega (which were minted from 1838 to 1861 and are marked “D”). The gold for this comes from the Crisson Gold Mine, which is about four kilometers outside of town.
The Dahlonega Consolidated Gold Mine - the largest and most famous show mine. Gold was mined here from 1897 to 1906, and in 1980 the mine was added to the National Register of Historic Places as a Historic District. (185 Consolidated Gold Mine Road, Dahlonega, GA 30533, www.consolidatedgoldmine.com). More information: 13 S Park Dahlonega, www.dahlonega.gov
Surroundings of Dahlonega
About 30 km from Dahlonega is the Amicalola Falls State Park - the southern access to the 3,500 km long Appalachian Trail (www.appalachiantrail.org). The long distance hiking trail begins at Springer Mountain in Georgia and ends at Mount Katahdin in Maine.
In the park, whose sights are the 222 m high waterfalls (they are the highest in Georgia and the highest in the USA east of the Mississippi), there are also much shorter hiking trails as well as rustic overnight accommodations, a summit hut with a restaurant and a campground. (Amicalola Falls State Park & Lodge, Hwy 52, gastateparks.org). The wild, almost 100 km long Chatooga River flows east of Dahlonega along Highway 441 on the Georgia and North Carolina border. Incidentally, the picturesque landscape was the location of the 1972 Hollywood film "When Everyone dies" ("Deliverance") with Burt Reynolds in the lead role. However, local residents do not like to be reminded of this film. A suspension bridge spans the spectacular high above the river Tallulah Gorge in the Tallulah Gorge State Park (338 Jane Hurt Yarn Drive, Tallulah Falls, GA 30573, Rabun County, gastateparks.org/TallulahGorge)
The former lumberjack town, which mutated into a ghost town, was saved by its own residents by converting it into a replica of a Bavarian alpine village. In doing so, they worked very carefully and added a southern German touch to every single building. The Americans like this little town in the Appalachian Mountains (the "Alpine substitute") and so Helen with its almost 600 inhabitants can now make a living from its visitors who can buy clay beer mugs and similar souvenirs. Of course there is also an “Oktoberfest” here. Further information: Alpine Helen / WhiteCounty Convention & Visitors Bureau, 726 Bruckenstrasse, Helen, GA 30545, www.cityofhelen.org
Stone Mountain Park
The heart of the popular excursion destination, which is only around 30 minutes' drive from Atlanta, is a relief carved into a huge granite mountain. It depicts three Confederate heroes: the Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, and General Robert E Lee and Stonewall Jackson. The artist who started this massive relief in 1924 was Gutzon Borglum. He then became known for his work on Mount Rushmore. The park is particularly popular on weekends. A cable car goes to the top of the granite mountain. Numerous events take place on the meadow in front of the relief - on July 4th, for example, the big fireworks display. Entertainment is very important here, because in addition to the park there are the Geyser Towers, which lead visitors around a spouting geyser, an artificial ice rink and a paddle steamer that can be used to drive on the lake. There are also restaurants and overnight accommodations. US Hwy 78, 1000 Robert E. Lee Blvd. Stone Mountain, GA 30083 www.stonemountainpark.com
The second largest city in Georgia with around 200,000 inhabitants is well known among golfers because the Masters Tournament takes place here in April. The otherwise quite quiet town, which was founded by Oglethorpe in 1736 and named after Augusta von Sachsen-Gotha, the fiancée of the British heir to the throne Friedrich Ludwig von Hanover, was once the center of the huge tobacco and cotton growing area. Noteworthy are the buildings in the Old Town on the Savannah River, which still carry a bit of the flair of the old southern states. This is especially true for the River Walk and, for example, the Historic Cotton Exchange. (32 8th St, Augusta, GA 30901).
The Morris Museum of Art shows a remarkable collection of works by painters from the southern states. (1 Tenth Street, Augusta, Georgia 30901, Tue - Sat 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Sun 12 p.m. to 5 p.m.; www.themorris.org). More information: Augusta Convention & Visitors Bureau (1010 Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia 30901, www.visitaugusta.com). Information about historic Augusta is also available on the website www.historicaugusta.org
Off the beaten track is the pretty town of 20,000, Americus, which also has a Historic District. But Americus became known because of the international aid organization "Habitat for Humanity", which has its headquarters here. The organization supports poor people in building their own homes. There is in Americus Global Village & Discovery Center in which, in addition to an international marketplace, houses from 40 different countries can be viewed (721 West Church St., Americus, GA 31709, Mon to Fri 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Sat 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., www.habitat.org/global-village-discovery-center)
16 km north of Americus, in Andersonville, is that National Prisoner of War (POW) Museum. The depressing building complex was a prisoner of war camp during the US Civil War and eventually became a veterans cemetery. At least 13,000 people died here because of the catastrophic living conditions. The exhibition is not only dedicated to the prisoners of war of the civil war, but also to all other US prisoners of war from World War II to the Vietnam, Gulf and Iraq wars. (496 Cemetery Rd, Andersonville, GA 31711, www.nps.gov/natl_pow_museum).
The Georgia Tourist Office can also be reached on the Internet at www.georgiaonmymind.de.
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