Is iodized salt unsuitable for baking bread?

Low-iodine diet for hyperthyroidism

Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) is a metabolic disorder in which the thyroid works tirelessly and releases too many hormones. Certain metabolic processes therefore take place at an increased speed.

Common symptoms include:

This is due to increased levels of the thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Often there is an overactive condition due to illnesses, for example Graves' disease. The doctor can determine whether there is too much thyroid hormone in the blood by taking a blood sample, but an enlargement of the thyroid gland is also an indication of the disease.

The hyperfunction is treated with drugs that inhibit the production of these hormones. If the therapy does not work, radioiodine therapy or surgery can help.

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Proper nutrition in the case of an overactive thyroid

If there is a predisposition, a healthy diet can help prevent overactive. Iodine plays an important role in this context. Because the thyroid gland needs iodine in order for it to function - too much iodine should, however, be avoided in the case of overactive.

Food such as sea fish (e.g. haddock 243 micrograms per 100 grams) and seafood as well as algae, dairy products or kiwi (80 micrograms iodine / 100 grams) naturally contain a lot of iodine and should therefore only be eaten in moderation. Sausages and bread are mostly made with iodized salt and are very salty - baking the bread yourself can be an alternative.

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If you have an overactive thyroid, eat foods that are low in iodine

  • Apricot:The pome fruit has a high water content and a low iodine content. The apricot also supplies the thyroid with vitamin A. (0.5 micrograms iodine / 100 grams)
  • White bread:Nutrition experts usually advise against white bread due to its short-term satiety. Those who suffer from an overactive thyroid should, however, keep their hands off whole grain products and choose white bread. The iodine content is actually lower. (5.8 micrograms iodine / 100 grams)
  • Apple:Even the little ones know that the apple is an all-round healthy fruit. In addition to the numerous vitamins and trace elements, it contains little iodine and is therefore ideally suited for people who suffer from hyperfunction. The same goes for the pear, by the way. (1.6 micrograms iodine / 100 grams)
  • Tomato:Tomatoes are low in calories, contain a lot of antioxidants, have a high vitamin C content and little iodine. (1.7 micrograms iodine / 100 grams)
  • Beef:While turkey or chicken contains a lot of iodine, beef is relatively low in iodine. (3 micrograms iodine / 100 grams)

Because the organism is already working at full speed, drinks containing caffeine and alcohol should be avoided.

+++ More on the topic: Diet for hypothyroidism: 4 nutrients +++

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