Which ocean is Indonesia

Indonesia, or the whims of mother nature

Geography of Indonesia

Indonesia is made up of 13,466 islands that spread out on both sides of the equator. The four largest islands are Sulawesi, Sumatra, Borneo and New Guinea. The latter is split in two, with Papua New Guinea. The country has borders with Malaysia, East Timor, Singapore, Thailand, Palau, the Philippines and even Australia, certain borders are maritime. Jakarta, the capital, is located on one of the most famous and most populous islands in the world: Java.

The highest point in Indonesia is Puncak Jaya in Papua. Lake Toba, which is on Sumatra, is the largest volcanic lake. The country's longest rivers, the Mahakam and the Barito, serve as a means of communication and transportation between the facilities on the banks of the rivers.

flickr cc Holmes Nainggolan

Environment and climate in Indonesia

The geographical location, at the crossroads between the Pacific and Eurasian plates, makes Indonesia a vulnerable area when Mother Nature claims her rights: the strong volcanic activity and earthquakes in this country repeatedly cause negative headlines on an international level.

Given the proximity to the equator, Indonesia offers a tropical or equatorial climate, depending on the region you are in. The rainy season (from October to April) alternates with the dry season (from May to September). The humidity level can reach up to 80% during certain times, while the average temperature is between 26 and 30 degrees all year round.

The nights are often hot. Temperatures can drop sharply in the higher regions.

Fauna and flora, the wealth of Indonesia

The wealth of Indonesia is based on its nature. Because of its size and climate, this country is the second largest biodiversity zone in the world. Nature lovers who want to discover fauna and flora in Indonesia should know that they have a great biodiversity, even if this has decreased over the years. As for the forests, they cover around 60% of the country. Incidentally, many species of birds and mammals are considered endemic. Indonesia has the second highest degree of endemic disease in the world, after Australia.

Tigers, rhinos, orangutans, elephants and leopards can be seen in the forests of Indonesia and as far as Bali. Unfortunately, these animal species are becoming fewer and fewer. The reason for this is the pollution in certain areas of the country, but also the fact that Indonesia is selling its resources to keep the economy alive ...

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Updated on May 2, 2016