Will the jaws of CRPF BSF receive a pension

7. Central Pay Commission (CPC) and Defense Forces - 2020 Wexford Senior Football Championship

The 7th Central Wage Commission (7CPC ) In February 2014, the principles and structure of the remuneration of all civilian employees of the Central Government of the Defense Forces in India presented their report on November 19, 2015. The settings of 7CPC focus on organization, rank structure, pay, allowances and pension. of 13,86,171 employee complaints.

After the submission of the 7CPC decision of the chiefs of staff of the resolution in a submission of the government, the submission of the 7th CPC anomalous, discriminatory and a variance with historical parities. The anomalies identified by the disputes concern the 7CPC's application of the application principles, guidelines and formulas to determine remuneration, allowances, levels, rank equivalence, pension and the status of relationships compared to the entitlements of the civilian population and the police and the secret services. These anomalies that they have are based on morality, command and control, and cohesion.

On September 5, 2016, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) became the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) controlling the treaty, with powers of authority. I am September 7th, 2016 the Chiefs of the Army, Navy and Air Force and Narendra Modi wrote to Relations and Manohar Parrikar, Minister of Defense, who voiced his defense over the "unresolved anomalies". They write and obtain their government orders that they "are deserved to tell the government that the administration of the 7th CPC award is excluded from the anomalies to be resolved". On September 14, 2016 he leads the government of the three services rights and their commands to control the government decision to at the highest level of the war that anomalies that affect the pay, the pension, the allowances, the rank parity and the status of the Distinguish services, refuted.

On January 30, 2018, President Ram Nath Kovind nodded to the proposal of the 7th Wages Commission to increase the personal salary of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) from the current 1 lakh per month to 2.80 lakh per month. In addition to the exercise of a political responsibility of the judge of the Supreme Right and the 24 Supreme Rights.

background

The 7CPC was held against the backdrop of protracted public protest by Soldiers, Truthful Officials that began after the 6th CPC in 2008. This protest is the question of how it relates to their pay, their pension status and their level, how it relates to their pay, their pension status and their level, how it compares the police and their civilians of the defense, which time-bound ones Promotions in the same ranks and one rank, a pension (OROP) from the UPA government was laundered.

To the unconscious of the armed measures the government administration was one of the performance specifications (TOR), which was not received in the 5th and 6th pay commissions decree, which was important to the 7th CPC, "the principles and structure of the remuneration of the defense service personnel under control of historical and personal parities to direct ". The government administration of representing the representation in the CPC not to. Since the 4th Central Wage Commission (1986), when the concept of the rank wage for the personal payments became that of the wages commission, which on the payment and the status The legal rights of employees in relation to the civil government, the rights of the police, who pay remuneration like the army, have been part of disappointment and ignorance in the disputes.

Constitution of 7CPC

The commission consisted of three people and a member secretary. The 1st Communist Party of China (1947) did not have its own secretary. They have all the wage commissions a protected secretary who heard from the IAS.

Surname title background Remarks
1 Ashok Kumar Mathur, means Former Judge at the Supreme Court of India and the Armed Forces Court
2 Vivek Rae member of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Secretary, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Confirmed in the Ministry of Defense (MOD) as Director General (Acquisition) until 2012 Greater Rae in a break from the past that of Mr. Mathur favored the perception, the perception of police parity with IAS and on NFU.
3 Rathin Roy Member [] Director, NIPFP Roy, both belonging to Mr Mathur and another dissenting note, belongs on. Roy and Mr Rae came to the conclusion, in their dissenting comment on the loss of time in the history of the Wage Commissioners, that the Indian bureaucracy and police set a world record "for the Government appearances in government bureaucracies "have received compensation, they have become lost without being granted" promotions from their own ascent "
Mrs. Meena Agarwal secretary Railroad Accounts, Batch 1981. OSD, Department of Administration, Department of Treasury

office

7CPC had a secretariat of 18 government officials posted to the Commission from their government departments. In addition, the commission hired 16 consultants to advise them on their work. The consultants are not mentioned in the report and their contribution is not managed.

The secretariat consisted of the Administration of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Postal Service, Indian Railway Accounts Service, Indian Postal and Telegraph Accounts - and Financial Service. Jayant Sinha, Indian Auditing and Auditing Service (IA & AS), Batch 1990 (posted after completing his administration in the 7th CPC in the Department of Defense); Ms. Yashashri Shukla, Indian Postal and Telegraph Accounts and Financial Service, Mudit Mittal, Indian Railroad Accounts Service; Samir Kumar Sinha, IAS Officer of the Bihar Cadre and Rajiv Mishra, "Advisor" and "Economist".

D.K. Rai, Indian Defense Accounts Service (IDSA), Batch 2000, War for Cancellation and Allowances of Personal Rights. According to Mathur, Rai was "a great help" in "determining the wage structure for the Defense Forces" as he had "a view of the intricacies of the relationship between the defense service wages".

People representation

The mandate of the 1st Central Wage Commission (nine members) and the 2nd Central Wage Commission (six members) was to own and manage the remuneration structure for civilian employees of the central government. "The structure of the remuneration and the services of the service personnel" was developed by a separate departmental committee with the representation of the wage representation for the civil employee representation. The first committee was called "The Post War Wage Committee for Claims". The pension benefits were named by a separate committee, "Armed Forces Pension Revision Committee (1949-50)". One particular procedure was followed after the Raghuramiah Committee's Second Wages Commission (1960), which also had service representatives.

Since the 3rd Wage Commission (1500 pages, April 1973) the mandate of all wage commissions has closed all personal powers of the central government. All wage commissions, 3CPC, 4CPC, 5CPC and 6CPC, had no military member. In 2008, following the protest following the government's decision to grant 6CPC authority, Manmohan Singh disputed that there was a separate authority commission with the administration of authority. There was no separate commission or contract representation, not even in the Secretariat, and among the advisors appointed by the 7CPC. None of the 7CPC members, consultants or secretarial staff had background knowledge or access to their organizational culture or work.

Representation of workers in other government democrats

In the government wages commissions there is “a government body” and “advises the government minister on the remuneration and performance of the service personnel.” AFPRB is made up of experts, has always submitted to a political tiger, which consists of several, which has served on the board for several years.

The US will have a protected system of trust compensation system. Military compensation must be paid out every four years. Occupied in 37 U.S.C. Section 1008 (b) Every four-year-old is assured to have "a personal justification of the principles and conduct of the compensation system for members of the uniformed services ... in relation to national security objectives" and "in an era carried out by"

mandate

The mandate of the commission read: "The principles of good" should regulate the remuneration structure include pay, allowances and other rights / rights in cash or in kind "of civil rights of the central government (33.02 lakh); and the defense forces (13, 86,171)

The term which refers to the political of the remuneration, the pension and the hierarchy of the personal rights, the: under the the historical and personal parities, with due emphasis on the aspects which are relevant to these staff. "The notion of historical and traditional parities is neither directional nor influenced by the Commission in the report. It will be a matter of the Commission acting, also to lose its rights, See, for example, the justification for the precautions in paragraphs 5.2.11, 6.2.14 and 7.2.31 of the 7CPC Council.

affect

anomaly

work The Ministry of Personal Relations and Pensions, an anomaly art, order or form; an incongruence or inconsistency) to better the examination of the 7CPC to the common two of the following: "(a) When the correct side and the staff side consider that a role violates the principle or policy established by the Seventh Central Wages Board formulated even without allocation by the commission for the reason and (b) if the maximum of the levels in the wage matrix, which corresponds to the administrative content of the wage band of the previously revised structure of the CCS (RP) rules 2016, is considered the damage and the worker has the right, the right, the rights to lose. "

Grade, grade and rank

Decision level, level and rank are used interchangeably by 7CPC and the government in their own implementation orders. The 20 different skill levels or ranks in the government hierarchy 'Determine the status s' and that Seniority of a post . and make "Recruitment levels ... irrelevant to seniority calculation". It was sold by the 6CPC Rights and in 2008 by the Government of Congress I Taxes, through 18 "New Levels" that the BJP government sold on July 25, 2016.

The "responsible persons", "the rights to ranks in the personal and the hierarchy". According to 7CPC, the "level" is the new "status determiner". All rights and rights Rights and ranks are exercised in the spectrum of rights 1 to 18. The chief executives and cabinet secretaries who are at level 18.

Policies and anomalies

The debts have in the 7CPC orders 37 these "anomalies" relating to the payment of rights, allowances, "nieces", status, pensions, disability benefits, civil relationships, relationships, relationships, morals, cohesion and other issues. These anomalies were jointly managed by the Chiefs of Staff and the Defense. Some of the problems are as follows:

(a) Principles and formulas adopted by the Commission to determine the time scale wages and the powers and security of the securities arising from the authority, the administration of civilians and the trust for the Central Police, the interests and the secret services of the secret police. The rights have affected the timescale of rights in relation to the captain, majors, and colonels, as well as the rank of colonels and brigadiers in the electoral stage.

(b) The award of a non-functional upgrade (NFU) by 6CPC and the civil services and the police, there will be dispute dispute. The demand demanded the extension to the rights from the same rights from which they belong to other government officials.

(c) Military Service Pay (MSP) restrictions for Junior Commissioned Officers (JCOs) up to Rs 10,000. The 7th CPC had Rs 5,200 as an MSP for JCOs and other rank observers. The military service allowance for officers between lieutenant and brigadier rank working 15,500 Rs.

(d) The violation must be "governmental" and civil rights under the "record-like" system of 7CPC.

Anomalies in the wage matrix

MOD powers to review the unemployed of the 7CPC "in relation to the structure of remuneration, allowances and service conditions of the staff of employees" were purchased on September 5, 2016. The 7CPC basis for determining the remuneration, the amount, the status and the pension of the rights is as with 6CPC, with the termination of terminological changes. The 7CPC recommended that the 6CPC's "Grade Pay and Pay Bands" be found through two "Pay Matrices": one for civil service, police, defense civilians, and one for white-collar workers. The term “levels” consists of grade and rank. The matrix for civil security and defense civilians provides for promotions after 4, 9, 13, 14 and 16/18 years of service. The timescale actions for the reports for timescale levels at 6, 13, 21 years of service. The differentiated and asymmetrical wage matrices have become a particular topic and, after that of the others, have not been shown with historical parities. In response to the government agency, a 7CPC agency was proposed in its order of implementation.

For example, the commanding officer of INS Vikramaditya, India Aircraft Carrier, a selective rank and the person with around 20 years of service is under their own property officer with 14 years of service (in rank), pay and protocol and two levels below the labor officer at 16 according to the new service levels Years of time scale service.

The comparative time scale levels between police and defense civilians and disputes are included below.

Outgoing years of service Time scale level (rank), index and (payment in level 1):

Defense civilians and police

7CPC recommendation level, index and payment (in level 1)

Officers of workers

Officers of personal pay and levels according to administration Anomalies
4 Level 11,

Index 2.67, 'Rs 67700

Level 10B,

2.67, Rs 61,300

No relationship The number of captain and behavior equivalents in the Air Force and Navy
6 - Level 11,

Index 2.67, Rs 69,400

No change -
9 Level 12,

Index 2.67, RS 78800

Level 11,

Level 4, Rs 75,800

- IDSA officers who wear majors' badges and uniforms, wear them in the UN peacekeeping mission with Indian army units, are retained and receive a certain salary as army officers with several years of service.
13 Level 13,

Index 2.57, Rs 118500

Level 12 A,

Index 2.57, Rs 116700

No property of the 'level'.

The salary grade was in Level 12 A from 1 to 3 rights (Rs 123800).

After 13 years. Responsible and defense civilians at time scale level 13. Duty officer - lieutenant colonel / wing commander / commanders - remain at level 12 A.
14Level 13 A,

Index 2.67, Rs 131 100,

Level 12 A, 2.57 no function The wages of the brigadiers were kept in the defense wage matrix by two levels and the index from 2.57 to 2.67 correct, even below 2.72, was gilded for civilians and taxes after the completion of the 16-state administration.
16 Level 14,

Index 2.72, Rs144200

Level 12 A, 2.57 [Lieutenant Colonel would go up to Level 7 'Level 12 A'

Rs 139300]

- Police and IDAS officer After 16 years, the level 14 is used. IDAS has 61 posts at this level for a cadre of 553. The 7CPC has taken the behavioral officer away from the behavioral officer after completing 16 years as general inspector, a time scale belongs to level 14

Anomalies in levels and ranks

Among the 37 anomalies given by the Government of the Rights of the Ministry of Defense (MOD), critical relate to asymmetries in related and civil and police pay, rank and allowances. It was hoped that the relationships of historical and relative relativity in the "mandate" in the 7CPC notification of this issue were received for the background protests from 2008 to 2015 as part of the One Rank One Pension Banner, one of which was a particular one Number of people highlighted by the pay and status of disputes and defense civilians, police and other civil officials. According to the decision of the BJP government, the powers with the administration of the powers, the letter of the cooks of the three years and the administration and the powers and the existence of the anomalies in the relations, ranks and status of the servant compared to civilians the rights and the settings.

The primary responsibility for the irregularities in pay and rank and allowances between the disputes and officials belongs to the 7CPC standards for the division of "between" disputes and the powers of civil government. Certain in the course of the timescales and ranks in the civil and police cadres, as well as in the disputes (Table 2 above). Some of the anomalies related to pay, status, rank are as follows:

  • Workers' officers, Navy and Air Force, after 6 years level 11, major civil officers, civilian defense, and police officers, access level 11 in 4 years, access one year in training. Denial civilians from the following contracts, audits, other departments, and police operations after completing nine years of conduct in Group A at Level 12; Service officer remains at level 11.
  • Individuals do not have level 12; They must have level 12 A, which is the salary of the old salary group 1000 in wage band 4 and can be received by officers of the three with 13 years of service (lieutenant colonel, wing commanders and naval commanders). Right-wing civilians, police and other civil servants are after the completion of the 13-standing administrative anomaly on level 13 guidelines, subordinated after 13-leadership service after 12 years, after a differentiation of salary, level and status at the time scale level.
  • At the end of 14 years, relationship managers and civilians of the defense at timescale level 13A. Service officers - lieutenant colonel / commander - remain at level 12 A.
  • Brigadiers [of electoral rank] are equated with level 13A.
  • After completing 16 years of service administration and defense civilians move to time scale level 14; Duty officers - lieutenant colonel / commanders - remain at level 12A, colonels at level 13, and brigadiers at level 13A.

These and other wage and status anomalies were the focus of disapproval.

Non-functional upgrade (NFU) and 7CPC

Civilians

The government became the Status Quo for Non-Functional Upgrade (NFU) in July 2016. The rights that existed for all organized, the services of Group A, the rights, civilians of the defense, the competence of the NFU. Two members of the commission had in their dissenting comment that the UPA government's "exclusion from defending the derogation" was "unfair" and that the organized A-services of the group in question were "relatives" promotions from their own ascent "and that they earn far less than Defense Forces officers. They recommended the NFU for all services personnel arms.

tries

The person in charge of the 7CPC recommended in his statements in the 7CPC report that a diluted NFU with long-term consequences should be "stretched out to the officers of the defense forces and CAPFs". "The rights of civil servants to stagnate in different ways". The government administration takes place, the NFU does not stretch to political interests. Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar had the MOD in its submission and the loss of the 7CPC on December 24, 2014 against the NFU for the rights under the conditions of justification that the NFU only gilded for the business group A services.

Siachen allowance

Siachen allowance is an allowance for officers and men of the service in Siachen, a high altitude area with extreme weather conditions.The 7CPC is in its own celebration that "under the control of political rights in the region" and realizing that the harshness and risk in Siachen "are the maximum any government administration is" belongs to a specific "cell" "Risk Hardship Maximum" (RH) necessary -Max) likely to be "Risk and hardship matrix" of nine cells According to 7CPC, the Saichen allowance is the upper limit for the risk and hardship allowance (RHA) because "no government employee His work more risk / hardship taxes is also our authorization and pine stationed in the Siachen Glacier. Therefore no RHA can have a value than this allowance "The Saichen allowance is the best in the hierarchy of allowances. The 7CPC recommended the view allowance from Rs 21,000 for officers to Rs 31,500 and taxes for JCOs. NCOs and other ranks must go from £ 14,000 to £ 21,000.

The 7CPC still anomalously recommended several heard who have "a lost value" as the Saichen certificate, these are lost in the hierarchy of the risk and hardship matrix. One of the value adjustments that have a potential value as the Saichen allowance is the SDA (100), which, in the same way as the Saichen allowance, which consolidates 30 years of remuneration. The SDA is stationed in northeast India and Ladakh. Group A rights, rights in Gawahati, Aizawl, Shillong, Kohima and Leh. The main bull of the political has said that "Siachen cannot be equal to or less than Guwahati in deciding on the" hardship factor "". You have seen a new "hardship matrix" to show the allowances for assignments. You have 65 years of salary as saichen allowance processes.

in Rs

(13 years of service)

in Rs

(14 years of service)

Rights in Rs

(17 years of service)

Remarks
Saichen allowance: fixed 31.500 31.500 31.500 The Rights Allowance for Officers Responsible for Rs 21,000. The allowance existing by 7CPC includes 31,500 for officers and £ 14,000 for JCOs, NCOs and other ranks. Defense rights and civilians are not stationed on the Siachen Glacier.
SDA allowance: variable depending on pay. 35.3550 The political SDA carries 37.5 percent of the pay. 7CPC has 30 conscientious subjects. All Group A services stationed in Northeast India and Ladakh, the civilian police and defense officers, the right to SDA, the war "the security capability and the working and living conditions in the region that should be equal". The employees' officers are not manned for the SDA.

Answer to the 7CPC

Congress (I)

Shashi Tharoor, General Secretary of Religious Nations and Congress (I) Speaker Ajay Kumar, Member of Parliament, Speaker of the All India Congress Committee (AICC) and Captain Amarinder Singh, Prime Minister of Punjab and current President of the Congress in Punjab, have the 7CPC- Rights for discriminatory leadership.

Sashi Tharoor wrote in March 2016 that the rights of government policy to change "status and personal military personalities" are "inevitably suffered by everyone". . And that he did not understand how to expect a policy of war that, as government civilians, also as inspector general (DIG) of the police with a brigadier license, represented the same for pay and protocol.

Ajay Kumar, Attorney General of the Indian Police Service (IPS) said that some of the workers on the 7th Wage Board are "on the side" and that their advertising policy (for IAS and IPS))) is flawed. and not justifiable and even "anti national". The contracts have made a personal behavior, mainly because the army has no "association" compared to the IAS and the IPS and has only very good access to the political class compared to access to the police and the IAS, he said in seen nationally on television panel discussion. According to the policy, every IPS official has the right to "be DG of the police". It's "wrong for the country," he said.

Captain Amarinder Singh, government officer of the Sikh regiment in September 2016, said that the defense services will be placed on a higher level than the civil and police services. Lowering the status of rights in the priority order, lowering the wage scale compared to government cadres and "subordinating the police and now to the state police organization" is a deliberate attempt at the various rights, "he said." If you humiliate yourself, if you are a belligerent China and a mischievous Pakistan next door ”.

BJP

PN Vijay, BJP spokesman, said in a person heard on the televised panel discussion about 7CPC and the rights, that the various rights complex tasks as the police or the forest service and that it is inexperienced for national security that contracts belong equally to others have become azu by the government, will be from governing, will have to be. He said "owned by AF is not an easy decision"; We didn't make the settings unattractive. “The BJP is sensitive to those responsible for the attitudes. It is a time for parity between the disputes and the civil service. The defense of the country is very refined and is not treated as "governing a local uprising".

Dealing with anomalies

To address the problem of "anomalies" in the 7CPC report and in-to-to-with-holdings established by the "Committee of Authorized Secretaries", the BJP government established a Committee on Anomalies and Allowance Anomalies. The parties have grown from the Anomalies Committee that has become one.

Anomalies Committee

The mandate of the Anomalies Committee is to "have a full view" of anomalies other than allowances. To hear the anomalies, 79 departmental committees were under the government public secretary. Each committee consists of a different, a "Ministry Financial Advisor" and a "Staff Side" member. It is done that these tenders do their job at the turn of the year. Afterwards the "government will approve or dismiss the authority of the anomaly committee". These committees are managed by the Human Resources and Training Department.

Allowance Anomalies Committee

The Allowance Anomalies Committee consists of eight rights. It is closed, its report is from four months before taxes. The admissions committee is supposed to deal with the anomalies of the 7CPC in the allowance in the levy, the asymmetries between the Siachen and SDA allowances.

The Anomaly Committee selected from: [a] Ashok Lavasa, IAS, Treasury Secretary Managed; [b] Rajiv Mehrishi, IAS, Minister of the Interior; [c] G. Mohan Kumar, IAS, Minister of Defense; [d] CK Mishra, IAS 1983, Kader Bihar, Secretary for Health and Family Welfare; [e] BP Sharma, IAS 1981, Kader Bihar, Secretary, Personnel & Training; [f] Boyapati Venkat Sudhakar, Secretary of the Postal Department [g] A.K.Mittal, IRES, Railway Administration Guidelines. The treaties have grown from the Anomalies Committee that has become one.

Responsibilities

In response to a petition from Lt. Col. Preetpal Singh Grewal, an acting officer, the Supreme Court of Punjab and Haryana, Chandigarh, addressed a notice to the Ministry of Defense (MOD), in which representatives of the Defense Forces were on the body appointed by the government on September 12, 2016 to investigate anomalies in the government implemented 7CPC recommendations. The government had excluded representation of the armed forces from the 22-member committee chaired by the Secretary, Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), a department under the Prime Minister. This is the first time a serving officer in the armed forces has taken civil court action on policy issues affecting the armed forces and civil-military relations.

Col Preetpal Singh Grewal, in his petitions to the Supreme Court, argued that: (a) "Anomalies Committees" established by the government to review the 7th CPC Recommendations, Defense Personnel and Defense Headquarters excluded from the anomaly reparation process; [b] MOD did not inform Defense Services about the work of the committee; [c] Defense services learned of the start of the hearing from press reports; [d] The Supreme Court has already ruled that defense personnel should not be treated "shabbily" or deprived of the rights available to other citizens. [e] Persons affected by the rights Ineligibility for the formation of associations by defense personnel, who are there as they relate to the issues of the relationship, the powers to change and change. and [f] Standing Committee on the Welfare of Certain Soldiers, despite orders from Secretary of Defense Manohar Parrikar

consists

December 27, 2008

Manmohan Singh, Taxes, Rights Claims: "In the future, employee wage auditing will be decoupled from the civilian population and a separate executive committee or commission for civil servant wage revision will be given."

September 13, 2013

India Today has a MOD letter entitled "Joint VII Central Pay Commission" which was heard by Air Chief Marshal NAK Browne, Chief of Staff (COSC) Lead, an AK Antony, Secretary of Defense. According to the "letter", the government owns a separate wages commission for claims, but the Representation prefers the 7CPC to have a separate wages commission. According to the "letter", Air Chief Marshal NAK Browne is demanding a separate wages commission for the employees because "a separate wages commission does not belong to the unemployed, has to come because there must always be anomalies in two different ones"; and that the main cost for the unconscious in the disputes is not a separate wage commission, rather than the "non-resolution of anomalies or ex parte resolution of anomalies"

August 2014

JSM). to the 7CPC. The Commission directs the JSM and Department of Defense, Department of Welfare, Ruling Soldiers, the Defense Accounts Controller-General, Department of the Interior, Department of Personnel and Training, and others, "to refer to the views of key stakeholders on the government on issues the defense services ".

December 24, 2014

Manohar Parrikar, Minister of Defense, on the advice of Defense Minister RK Mathur (May 25, 2013, May 24, 2015) will review the loss of the 7CPC that he does not deserve the claims because Ajit Seth, Cabinet Secretary, in 2011 was not authorized to issue the issue ".

May 2015

The officer of personal administration of an addendum to their Memorandum on Personal Services (JSM) dated August 2014. The prospective 7CPC is passing the addendum to the Department of Defense, Department of Welfare Soldiers, Controller, General of Defense Accounts, Department of Interior, Department of Personnel and Education

19th November 2015

AK Mathur, the head of 7CPC, presents a 7CPC report;

December 7, 2015

Lt. Gen. Harwant Sin The 7CPC report was "misleading and factually imprecise" and represents "persistent relationship and behavior parts" for bureaucrats at MOD, in an article in the Hindustan Times. He took care of it: "The terrible condition of the soldiers who matter to them: least of all to the best minds in the military."

December 15, 2015

Steer Narendra Modi speaks prior to the Conference of Combined Commanders aboard INS Vikramaditya. Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar says "unemployment analysis"

December 16, 2015

Manohar Parrikar, Minister of Defense, when he cut down a wreath at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, to Vijay Diwas (India), with General Dalbir Singh, Chief of Army Staff (COAS), Air Marshal Arup Raha, Chief of Air Staff and Admiral RK Dhowan, Chief of Naval Staff, tells reporters, "We have them (7th Pay Commission)" and "by both weeks we'll see what can be done." "

19th December 2015

General Dalbir Singh Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha and Admiral Robin Dhowan send a joint memorandum to Secretary of Defense Manohar Parrikar. The memorandum highlights "some things inaccuracies and anomalies" in the 7CPC meanings. Eight "Critical Issues and Core Political Anomalies" are identified by the Government of the Financial Rights. The anomalies, it is said, become the conflicts between the disputes and the police officers and moral officers. To hear these anomalies, to receive them, to be heard by a non-partisan panel of experts or a parliamentary committee.

January 13, 2016

Right Narendra Modi approves the "constitution of an empowered secretariat to go" under the loss of the cabinet secretary to be processed The operation of the 7th Central Pay Commission in terms of "rapid administration and holistic general allergic relationships".

January 27, 2016

The Ministry of Finance has the powers to enforce and operate the 7th Authorized Committee of the CCP. The “Authorized Secretariat Committee” was made up of 13 members, the rights of the Cabinet Secretary and the Head. It is four times the size of the 7CPC, which had three members. Eight members of Vom IAS, one of the Indian Police Service and the Ministry of Science and Science, Railways, Auditing and Accounting. The "Authorized Secretariat Committee" has the power to protect the "Commissioners" and "to affect the views of personal interest groups, relevant ministries, departments, staff associations and JCM". Defense civilians are administered by the Minister of Defense; the police and the secret police of the personal occupation office in the cabinet secretariat. There is no representation of rights in the authorized committee.

The members of the Authorized Committee are: [1] Pradeep Kumar Sinha, Cabinet Secretary, Adviser; [2] Ashok Lavasa, IAS, Financial Secretary; [3] Rajiv Mehrishi, IAS, Ministry of Interior (MHA); [4] G. Mohan Kumar, IAS, Minister of Defense, MOD; [5] CK Mishra, IAS (1983, Kader Bihar), Secretary, IAS, Secretary, Health and Family Welfare; [6] BP Sharma, IAS (1981, Kader Bihar), Secretary, Personnel & Training; [7] Secretary of the Pension Department; [8] Boyapati Venkat Sudhakar, Indian Postal Service, Batch 1981, Secretary, Postal Department. [9] AKMittal, IRES, Railroad Administration Guidelines. [11] Assistant Auditor and Auditor General, IA & AS; [12] Secretary of the Ministry of Science and Technology; [13] Dr. Hasmukh Adhia, IAS (1981 Gujarat cadre), Secretary of Financial Management.

March 11, 2016

Service chiefs learn "Authorized Secretariat Committee"

March 22, 2016

According to the MOD media briefing, Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar has to admit that the 7CPC has shortcomings, including those identified by three chiefs of service. The armed forces identified 37 anomalies in the 7CPC report, eight of which are considered critical. Some of the anomalies reported by the armed forces are: [a] incorrect equation and comparison of mandates, risks and conditions of use of the Defense Forces with the Paramilitary Police Forces, Central Reserve Police Forces (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB); [b] higher allowance (30 percent of salary) for police officers, IAS officers and civilians stationed in places like Gauhati and other cities than for military officers and soldiers stationed in Siachen [31500-20,000]. According to media reports, Parrikar has advised the authorized committee, headed by the cabinet secretary, that the armed forces should be held above all other "fighting" weapons of the government.

March 2016

Eighteen Former Chiefs of the Armed Forces, including President General Malik, are writing to Prime Minister Narendra Modi expressing concern about the impact of the 7CPC's recommendations on the Indian Armed Forces, President General Malik said in a television interview broadcast by NDTV. The prime minister, Malik said, has taken retired bosses for granted.

March 29, 2016.

Manohar, Parrikar, Secretary of Defense, told India Today: "I do I do not believe they (7CPC recommendations) will be preserved. I do not consider them final (sic). I have marked them and will properly use them at the correct level mark. "

April 21, 2016

Sashi Tharoor, former United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Speaker of Congress (I), averaged in an article that the current government is deliberately lowering "the status and compensation of our military personnel." It is difficult to understand why the government equates police officers (and civilians of the defense) with 12 years of service, appointed as Deputy Inspector General (DIG) of the police, with brigades for pay and protocol. "What could possibly justify such inequality?" He warned that the consequences of this policy "will inevitably be borne by everyone". He accused the 7CPC of recommending lower disability benefits (Rs 12,000) for a JCO and their equivalents in the Air Force and Navy, while recommending double that amount (Rs 27,690) for equivalent civil servants.

July 22, 2016

In response to criticism of the 7CPC's recommendations on allowances, the government has announced the formation of a committee of seven bureaucrats to "make recommendations on allowances other than Dearness Allowance". The seven members of the admissions committee are the same individuals who were members of the "authorized committee" of 13 secretaries. The committee will present its report within four months.

July 25, 2016

The government issues a resolution notifying the adoption of the Commission's recommendations on "wage matrices" and the general recommendations on pay without material change, with the following exceptions in the defense wage matrix maintain wage equality at Central Armed Forces ": The rationalization index of level 13A (Brigadier) in the defense wage matrix has been revised upwards from 2.57 to 2.67. (Ii) an additional three levels in level 12A (lieutenant colonel), three levels in level 13 (colonel) and two levels in level 13A (Brigadier).

The resolution states that (NFU) is allowed for the Indian Police Service / Indian Forest Service and the organized A-Services of the group, on which there was no consensus in the commission, should remain in place. The NFU was not expanded to include the armed forces.

7th August 2016

General VP Malik, former Army Chief of Staff, said in a panel discussion that 7CPC recommendations were "blatant discrimination" that had created a strong sense of "desperation". and feeling of "resignation" in the armed forces. The government's decision to accept the 7CPC recommendations to create two matrices, one for the armed forces and one for the public services, will have several negative consequences: it will give the public services, including police officers, six gains in their first 13 years of service compared to just one in the armed forces; The matrix and the resulting wage asymmetries will also tighten the existing “equations”, which will adversely affect the already strained civil-military relations. He was not convinced by the reasons given by the Wages Commission that the task of the armed forces was less complex than that of the police or the Ministry of Forestry, which had been treated as equivalent to the IAS.

August 16, 2016

The Ministry of Defense (MOD) issues the order to implement the VII CPC. In addition to the Allowances Committee, the government sets up an Anomalies Committee. This committee under "Department of Personnel and Training" will "investigate individual, post-specific and cadre-specific anomalies resulting from the implementation of the recommendations of the Commission". The committee will present its report within four months.Anomaly, the order states, will include the following two cases: "(a) When the official and staff members believe that any recommendation violates the principle or policy established by the Seventh Central Wage Board even without it the commission giving a reason and (b) if the maximum of the level in the wage matrix corresponding to the applicable wage level in the wage band according to the pre-revised structure as indicated in the 2016 CCS (RP) rules is less than that Amount at which an employee can be determined according to the formula contained in the above rules for determining the remuneration ". The Anomaly Committees, chaired by an additional Secretary / Joint Secretary, are expected to complete their work "within one year of the date of their constitution". Thereafter, the government will approve or reject the recommendations of the Anomaly Committee. "The Department / Department Financial Advisor is one of the members of the Departmental Anomalies Committee." In contrast to the civil departments, where the "personnel side" is essential for checking and correcting anomalies, the armed forces do not represent the personnel side

The Anomaly Committee has 79 knot officers, including the high-ranking police bureaucrat Mahesh Kumar Singla (IPS, KL.1982), Special Representative (Internal Security). The Anomaly Committee will have no representation of the armed forces. The impact on the armed forces will be handled by MOD bureaucrat Ashok Dongre, JS (Esst / PG), 1987 batch IAS officer of the Tamil Nadu cadre.

17th August 2016

Rajeev Chandrasekh ar, independent Rajya Sabha MP, member of Parliament's Standing Committee on Defense, commented on the government's implementation of the flawed recommendations of the 7CPC in an interview and said [a]: "It is not about money but the status of the" armed forces versus other services Central government ", ... status in the hierarchy of service and command; [b]" There is absolutely no doubt that because of their proximity to the political powers, IAS and IPS have made ever sweeter deals through successive pay commissions and left the military in the cold have ". [c] This is because" the military was never represented on these wage commissions "; [d]" If the government has an explanation for this, they should do it. If the IAS or the Wages Board have a reason why don't they publish them publicly? "[E] 46 anomalies of the 6th Wages Board and 36 of the 7th Wage Board remain unsolved and there is no legitimate answer as to why their requests are made being rejected. "

5th September 2016

Ministry of Defense (MOD) announces The gazette announcement on 7CPC recommendations affecting the armed forces notifies 7CPC's enforcement orders.

September 7, 2016

The Chief of Staff (CoSC) meets and decides to withhold implementation of 7CPC until "anomalies" are resolved. A serious anomaly is the lowering of the level (rank), pay and status of the armed forces compared to defense civilians, police officers and other officials. Parrikar had already assured the armed forces in March 2016 that "wages and allowances for the armed forces must come first."

September 9, 2016

Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha and Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lamba and General Dalbir Singh write to the Prime Minister and Parrikar conveying their concern about "unresolved anomalies" informing their formation and units that they have "been forced to request the government to implement it." of the 7th CPC award given the anomalies to be resolved ". The signal to the units from the service center was: "In the meantime, employees are expected to show maturity and patience and not be influenced by hearsay or speculative reports from any quarter." The MOD insists "that whatever has been decided must be implemented and legitimate complaints can be addressed later."

In March 2016, on instructions from Parrikar, the Ministry of Defense informed the authorized committee headed by the Cabinet Secretary that the armed forces would be held above all other "fighting" weapons of the government. It is not clear who other than the armed forces are the government's "combat weapons". It is also not clear what action the MOD or the Secretary of Defense took after the authorized committee failed to take notice of the MOD recommendation. The government's decision to introduce 7CPC is escalating on armed forces' social media.

11th September 2016

General Vijay Oberoi, former Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army (COAS), urges three chiefs not to implement the MOD order "A very wise decision made for the benefit of all ranks of your commandos" and that "the three chiefs must be congratulated, that they have fundamentally spoken out against an unjust award and this in such a mature and balanced way ". "I'll take my hat off of you, sirs," he wrote.

The news of the action by the chiefs of staff, Oberoi says, "reflects two important points. First, it shows the government in a very poor light and is actually a bow to the ability of the political leadership, the level of fear in all ranks of our military Second, it shows the determination of the chiefs to lose a certain unjust relationship that is heard, written and heard by the bureaucracy, to compensate the political leadership nods. "He warns the political, not the Schimpfw directs any kind of government to fall victim to, such as more committees. ministerial detachments and even subtle threats, not to mention the following words, "How much does the nation need you?" You have to take care of it and not worry about it tricks tricks fall here. "

Captain Amarinder Singh, Prime Minister of Punjab and officer of the Sikh regiment, author and future president The Punjab Congress Committee will take the position of the three chiefs of service on September 11th. He says, "There is a decision-maker from defense services in surveillance levels who is injured and divisible" and that "Just because our soldiers are disciplined and working." To serve the nation, dies will not be discriminated against. "The questions raised by the chiefs that are not about money, about status, and about the defense services are about civil and police services." 7>

Requests from the 7CPC to pay soldiers serving in Saichen and pending a trust allowance as officials posted in Assam, he said, "I heard the Defense Minister that the bureaucrats have created hurdles and obstacles to the defense personnel getting better pay belong, it should serve for a day in Siachen. "No one among the bureaucrats knows of the hostile conditions under which our soldiers work, and that is why it is

He calls on the Minister of Defense. to stand by the soldiers and hear the anomalies.

September 12, 2016

Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha and Admiral Sunil Lanba, Chief of the Navy, Government Defense Secretary Manohar Parrikar. The army chief who worked in the Goa war According to media reports, Parrikar helps the chiefs of the services to ensure that the reservations of the personal rights of the 7th of the CPC "will become when they become real". The three chiefs of the people had the rights to be the main issue of the government's decision to subordinate the accused to the police in terms of "amount", pay and status.

13th September 2016

The grandstand in an editorial calls for action by the armed force This is a "more personal move" that is not "good for the country". He seeks an administration while running the Seventh Central Pay Commission (CPC) and until the anomalies rounds. "It is lawful," "the editorial states," "that the government was in charge of administering the rights of trust," "which was the" 13-member empowered secretariat committee, "" the three chiefs of service, "and" must have three chiefs of service. " The issues authorized by the disputes, those of the Prime Minister that will not be lost, include: wages matrix for taxes and civilian employees; and fixing anomalies in allowances and pensions. Those in charge of the government administration's decision are the duty officers exempted from examining the 7CPC, who have the swift 30 percent of the powers that, like the railroads, were like "the Indian Police Service with a strength of less than 4,700." He would the government on, "which is already on the decline, A rank, a pension not required," "To be personal lose "to lose" to make the problem persist. "Military personnel are at different risk for their lives."September 14, 2016

Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha, Chairman of the Chief of Staff (CoSC) said in another MOD statement: "The anomalies of the 7th Pay Commission regarding the personal rights of the chiefs of service and the workforce of the Dem. The Hon'ble Raksha mantri is of all who take care of it and have promised to have it at the earliest. The services are done with the answer. "

15th September 2016

A. A large contingent of veterans, rights of Lieutenant General SS Brar (retired), march to the office of Punjab Governor VP Singh Badnore and present a memorandum to the President of India. The memorandum states, "The veteran community across the country is wholeheartedly the attitude of Army, Navy and Air Force chiefs regarding the performance of the Central Wage Board."

Captain Amarinder Singh has joined the veterans and march with the Congress Party, the Ambika Soni, Asha Kumari and Harish Chaudhary. This told reporters that the operative situation was caused by "rights sections of the bureaucrats against the claims and the blind eye of the government-ruled political rights" independence. "he said."We provide the employment contracts and the unemployed and have no say in the workforce of a labor council who are imposed on the disputes." Captain Amarinder said, "The lowering of our status in the Warrant of Precedence, the lowering of our quality levels according to other government cadres, subordination to the police and now the state police organization is a conscious attempt that is akin to them." "Affected government conflicting powers can only demoralize the defense forces," and "India can demoralize itself when a belligerent China and a roguish Pakistan are next door," he said.

September 21, 2016

Justice PB Bajanthri, Punjab and Haryana Supreme Court, Chandigarh, in response to a petition by Lt. Col. Preetpal Singh Grewal, a serving officer, addressed a notice to the Ministry of Defense (MOD) intended to assume the powers of the government assembled on September 12, 2016 Panel received to hear about anomalies in the government's pending 7CPC permissions. The Supreme Court ordered the Anomalies Committee to share views on anomalies, the rights of the responsible staff, the rights.

18th September 2016

Four terrorists protected in Pakistan infiltrated the control control line in the night of bases in the Pakistani-administered Kashmir and brought the possible egg of the army brigade in Uri and 18 soldiers of the Dogra and Bihar regiments. The terrorist attack provokes nationwide outrage and exposes security measures and security and secret service failures at operational and level.

October 12, 2016

Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar said: "Yes, there are some anomalies in the 7th Pay Commission" and "I can assure the people of the country and our disputes that I have the right to administer it". The disability pension, he said, "is just a draft now," he said. "No unwanted decision has been made yet, just a draft resolution has been posted on the website. We'll lose everything and try, everything that has been changed, and feed it to the Anomalies Committee for comment." The resolution on the MOD website that the minister was referring to does not state that it is a draft.

October 13, 2016

The MOD in response to regulatory criticism and the government's decision to receive a more possible disability pension The system that will be called the "Governmental System" than that for the first implemented system that will be called the "Disk Based System" issued a decision , was referred to the representation of the service center, which strives for a disability pension system that is equivalent to that of the civilian population. the 7th CPC's Anomaly Committee for consideration ".

October 18, 2016

Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar Authorizes G. Mohan Kumar, IAS, Minister of Administration, a Memo Tabulation Rank (No.A / 24577 / CAO / CP Cell) Existing Equivalence Between Officers of Labor and Labor Responsibilities of the Unemployed of the Labor, a Group B employment relationship, of the for governance and secretarial functions in the administration of the administration and the interservice body. The memo is presented by V Anandarajan, Board of Directors, under G. Mohan Kumar, IAS, Secretary of Defense; Anandarajan, Joint Secretary, is an official in the Indian Revenue Service, Income Tax Department, from 1988, who was deputy to MOD. The memo is under direct and directorship belonging to Staff Duties (SD), Army Headquarters, and equivalent directorships in the Air Force and Navy. In its last paragraph, the memo states that it has the status of the Raksha Mantri (Defense Minister Mohan Parrikar).

The memo equates major generals with AFHQ CS officers who have served as officers in Group A for 16 years, called Principal Directors; Brigadiers with 24 years of service are equated with officers with 13 years of service; they die than are better heard. Colonel at 18 years of service officer with 9 years of service at Group A level, designated joint directors. Lieutenant Colonel, if not dealt with in the note, is implicitly equated with 4 years of service. Majors, captains and lieutenants are implicitly treated as group B and office-level posts.

To justify memos, people died in 2003, 2005, and 2008. Navdeep Singh, an expert on the reports that MODs consulted, said the letter was "irrelevant". The letter quoted by the table affects the status of tens of thousands of officers of the unemployed, belonging to officers who hold ranks from lieutenant to major general. The table, which was made by the Government of the Right, became "one-sided" and without consulting the chief of staff or the headquarters of the administration.

The rank equivalence table, which is used by the disputes for a long time, the rank equivalence and the decisions in the equivalent of September 7, 2016 in the Official Journal differ. For example, Lieutenant Colonel and his Air Force equivalents, level 12 A, 13 years of service, according to the Official Gazette, will be inferior in rank and status to officer of the AFHQ CS. "Level 12", "Common Required" ("Timescale for the civil service with 9 years of service") This also means the MOD letter issued in 2009 in which Lieutenant Colonel in the wage band (PB) 4 with a salary of Rs 8000 was compared with Working method that were in PB 3, with a decision level of 7600.

October 24, 2016

Hindustan Times controls that the memo on equivalency of ranks between officers of the right and the service of the Army of October 18 was made by Government Minister Manohar Parrikar added the ranks of acts and majors at the level of section officers of Group B and of captains at the level the relational decrease, a non-advertised ministerial post of group B in the AFHQCS. subsequently of the senior service of the public r. The newspaper says it has "controversial rights" and has become a reason for leadership resentment under "Offer the", "At a Time," "in" the "The Commission" and "The OROP".

"We were stabbed in the back," a senior officer told the Hindustan Times. The serving officer at Army Headquarters complained that according to the equation in the memo (No. A / 24577 / CAO / CP), "a captain corresponds to a civilian officer in Group B. This is not nonsense, but nonsense plus bureaucrats" They claimed the memo was "an attempt to reverse clearly defined protocols established by successive reports of the pay committee and court judgments"; is against the spirit of the recommendations of a committee headed by Pranab Mukherjee following the report of the 6th Pay Commission; and that downgrading the armed forces will widen the "civil-military divide" and affect morale.

October 25, 2016

Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar, on the sidelines of a naval commanders conference, told reporters that there was a discrepancy in rank The equivalence caused by the MOD memo of October 18, 2016 would be corrected in a week and "any inequality in the rank structure of its officers with those in the civil administration will be eliminated" . He said he would "examine orders to detect anomalies that threaten to widen the civil-military divide". Retired Brigadier Gurmeet Kanwal said in a memo dated October 18, 2016: "It is an indisputable fact that the status of the armed forces has been increasingly diluted in recent years. This creates bad blood between civil and military service." Brigadier Pradeep Sharma (retired) said, "The rank equation has become shaky. It is high time the government remedied the situation and restored the status of defense officers." After the turmoil in the armed forces, the MOD said the "entire issue", the "was a complicated matter would be re-examined for some time by a committee to "get it and." for everyone to solve ".

October 27, 2016

The MOD, two days after Monohar Parrikar said "there has been no downgrade or change to the existing service rank equivalency," issued a press release stating: "There was no downgrade or change to the existing service rank equivalency. " In defense of rank equivalence, the press release states: "Rank equivalence only applies to the assignment of tasks and functional responsibilities" and does not affect "civilian employees outside these offices of the service centers" and "there is" no change in the rank structure or status of the Personals of the armed forces ". In jus The MOD press release states that it issued similar administrative notes in 1991 and 92 during the tenure of NN Vohra (1990-93) as Defense Minister, as well as memos by Yogendra Narain in 2000 and Ajai Vikram Singh in 2004 and 2005 when Anthony was Secretary of Defense of Congress I. This administrative note was said to be “irrelevant” to issues of rank equivalency. The press release ignores the fact that none of these memos received the approval of the armed forces and that Problems related to rank equivalence and status unresolved anomalies remain, often reported by Sta Chiefs and retired chiefs of the armed forces are reported.

Armed forces officers react to MOD rejections with skepticism. Brigadier Gurmeet Kanwal said: "Such turf fights are not good for military morale." Lieutenant General HS Panag, former commander of the Army Northern Command, said: "These are battles that must be fought by the three chiefs of service." Brigadier Gurmeet Kanwal (Retd) tweeted: "The Prime Minister admonishes the nation to send Diwali 'Sandesh' to soldiers. B'crats reduce the disability pension to a lower status than civilians. Happy Diwali!" It is a view that is widely held in the armed forces.

A senior official who commented on the issues assaulted in the October 18, 2016 memo told Quint under terms of anonymity: "It cannot be anything more than a parameter of 'equivalence'."How can there be a separate equivalency for "functionality", "guarantee of priority" and based on "grade / grade"? Accepting such multiple rulings is a deliberate act of confusion and undermining status at will. "The officer saw to it that" it is important to lose the mandate of the AFHQ cadre, "which" only belongs to the secretariat with what to offer and to lead that to have the powers "and in command of men rights in peace and war and also with judicial powers, is the same - like the comparison of" chalk and cheese ".

22nd November 2016

Subhash Bhamre, Minister of State for Defense, in a written response to a question from Neeraj Shekhar, a member of Rajya Sabha, responding that the BJP government is using the plate-based disability pension determination system for assessments and an old system, which is being heard as the "potential base" "for civil law representation. 100 population needy for the civilized The state loud ministers were: officers (level 10-18) Rs 27,000 per month at; junior commissioned officers (JCOs) (level 6 -9) 17000 and soldiers and non-commissioned officers Rs 12000. These questions were from the BJP government administration. Those administered by the minister between the two have been referred to an "abnormal situation" "recognition committee" and the "anomaly committee" has been checking that System for rights became discriminatory.

November 25, 2016

Subhash Bhamre, Minister of State for Defense, in a written answer to a question from Sultan Ahmed, on the public knowledge of the problem of asymmetries in pay and rank between the disputes and civilians, the trust of the police, the control of the locomotive Sabha informed that the 7th Central Wage Commission (CPC) relates "principles and philosophies" which they heard "when drawing up the wage matrix for civilian employees". . And about the problem of the need for parity: "The government administration of the powers of the rationalization index, the wage matrices and the general wage recommendations with the perception of the rationalization of level 13A (Brigadier) from 2.57 to 2.67 and (ii) addition of three levels in level 12A (Lieutenant Colonel), three levels in Level 13 (Colonel) and two levels in Level 13A (Brigadier) ". The minister who did not address that is, the problem of asymmetries in the ranks and rights and historical parities between the disputes and civilians from the police and the defense, which was neither from the 7CPC nor the government administration. The responsibility goes on to say: "If problems related to irregularities in the pay of defense personnel become known, these will be brought up by the government on a case-by-case basis."

29th November 2016

Subhash Bhamre Minister In a written response to a question from Rajeev Chandrasekhar on the growing October 18, 2016 memo, the role of accountability of those in charge is posted to the service center for overseeing duties and responsibilities related to the service center

2nd December 2016

Voice of the ex-serviceman, an NGO that represents sub-officer (PBOR) personnel, petitioned the Delhi Supreme Court alleging that PBOR was discriminated against by the Seventh Wages Commission (7CPC). The plea is seeking the same rate for military service (MSP) pay that officers receive for PBORs. equal disability pension for all employees of personal rights of their rank; Service up to 60 years of service; and timed promotions for PBORs; three sloppy career advances; and against and the person in charge of policies on wages and benefits.

See also

relationship

External links