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Neil Percival Young, OC, OM (born November 12, 1945 in Toronto) is a Canadian musician, singer-songwriter and filmmaker. Since January 2020 he has also been a US citizen.

Neil Young's career began in 1966 with the band Buffalo Springfield, and his music spans a variety of genres including rock, grunge, country and folk. In the more than 50 years of his work, he won two Grammy Awards and was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice (solo and with Buffalo Springfield). He is revered on the one hand as an important folk musician and on the other hand as the “Godfather of Grunge”.

Young occurs inter alia. with the band Crazy Horse, but also as a solo artist and with many other artists, especially with Crosby, Stills, Nash (& Young). Its most commercially successful title is Heart of gold.

So far he has released 42 studio albums, 22 live albums, 2 EPs and 4 soundtracks. In addition to various compilations and box sets, 3 studio albums with Buffalo Springfield, 3 studio and 3 live albums with Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young and 1 studio album with The Stills-Young Band were also released. (As of March 26, 2021)

Life

childhood

Neil Young was born in Toronto in 1945 to Scott Young (1918-2005) and his wife Rassy Ragland. His father was a respected sports journalist and author of numerous books, including by Neil & Me (1984) about his relationship with his son. Young spent his early years in Omemee, a rural community in Kawartha Lakes, Ontario.

In 1951, a polio epidemic broke out and Neil Young developed polio when he was five. His left half of his body was permanently damaged, which has resulted in a slightly limping gait to this day. He processed the memories of that time later in the song Helpless. From the mid-1960s, epilepsy and diabetes were added. He spent a year in New Smyrna Beach, Florida, to recover.

When he was twelve years old, his parents divorced. He then moved with his mother to Winnipeg, Manitoba, the original home of their family. Scott Young had five daughters from two other marriages, including the singer-songwriter Astrid Young (* 1962), who was on the 1992 album Harvest Moon and has sung at various live performances. At Christmas 1958 he was given a ukulele. He later started playing the banjo. Influenced by Hank Marvin from The Shadows, he switched to guitar.

Until 1968: First years and with Buffalo Springfield

In the early 1960s, the high school attending Young played in various local bands (e.g. The Jades) in Winnipeg. He also recorded a few songs - the single was released in 1963 The Sultan / Aurora with the group The Squires. Both songs, like most of the songs that the teenager Neil Young wrote at the time, were instrumentals and based on the sound of his role models The Shadows. In October 1965 he met Joni Mitchell in Winnipeg, with whom he became friends. In 1973 Young dedicated his song "Sweet Joni" to her. In the years that followed, up to 1966, he slowly developed into a folk interpreter, and there were repeated studio recordings, both solo and with The Squires in Canada and with the Mynah Birds (with Rick James) in the USA, where Young mainly performed in New York folk -Cafés appeared, all of which remained unpublished at the time.

After his performances and recordings were unsuccessful, he moved to Los Angeles after a short stay as a solo artist in Toronto in 1966, where he soon afterwards worked with Stephen Stills, whom he had already met in New York, and with whom he was at The Mynah Birds had played, and Richie Furay formed the band Freeway Traffic Jam, which later became the band Buffalo Springfield, for which he well-known pieces such as Mr. Soul, Broken Arrow and On the way home wrote. Buffalo Springfield quickly became a leading band in the emerging folk scene in California in the mid-1960s, playing the successful albums Buffalo Springfield (1966) and Buffalo Springfield Again (1967) a. After the third album Last time around (1968) the band broke up due to ongoing disputes among the band members. Neil Young preferred to pursue a career on his own from now on. In 1997 Buffalo Springfield was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, including Neil Young.

1968–1981: Solo, with Crazy Horse and with CSNY

In late 1968, Young recorded his first solo album Neil Young which was released in January 1969 and toured North America with his songs in 1969. Shortly afterwards he founded the group Neil Young & Crazy Horse with the three musicians Danny Whitten (guitar and vocals), Billy Talbot (bass) and Ralph Molina (drums) from the band The Rockets. It was their first album together Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere. The album placed extremely well on the US Billboard 200 charts. In addition to the successful single Cinnamon girl it also contains the rock classics Down by the river and Cowgirl in the sandwith which he made his long sprawling guitar solos famous. Today it is considered by many to be the first grunge rock album in history.

He also played with Crosby, Stills & Nash, including their second joint appearance in front of an estimated 400,000 people at the Woodstock Festival. He joined the trio for the first time for a short time and released the successful album with them in 1970 Déjà-vu as well as the live album a year later 4 Way Street. During this time he wrote for Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young (CSNY), among others. the classic Helpless as Country girl and the protest song Ohio, which deals with the National Guard killing four unarmed students and was released as a single just weeks after the event. Young reportedly wrote the text a few hours after seeing a photo of the massacre. Almost at the same time he took along with Nils Lofgren, Stephen Stills, Greg Reeves (* 1955) and Crazy Horse After the gold rush (1970) released another solo album, which became his first album that was also successful in Europe. With a choice of songs between gentleness, e.g. B. the theme song After the gold rush, and the rocking Southern Man the album was stylistically very mixed.

In 1971, Neil Young had to undergo back surgery, which was necessary as a long-term consequence of his polio infection in 1951. During this time he wrote his biggest hit Heart of gold. The song was on his best-selling album to date in 1972 Harvest that also released the folk classics Old Man and The Needle and the Damage Done includes.

Neil Young has shown great musical versatility over the years, which is also manifested in the large number of his publications. He played folk and country in constant alternation with rock music or with experimental albums. So appeared in the same year as Harvest the soundtrack album Journey Through the Past to his somewhat confused feature film of the same name. At the time, he also started his film production company Shakey Pictures, with whom he still makes his films to this day. The rock-heavy album was released a year later Time fades away (1973) from concert recordings. The album again shows a different face to Young and is far less commercially oriented, though Harvest and Time fades away recorded with the same backing band, The Stray Gators.

The depressed mood that dominated his music for the next few years was due in large part to the deaths of Crazy Horse's roadie Bruce Berry and Crazy Horse guitarist and singer Danny Whitten, both of whom were friends with him and who died of heroin poisoning . On the album, which was completed in 1973 but only released in 1975 Tonight’s the Night he processed these experiences. Most of the songs were written when Neil Young, Ben Keith, Nils Lofgren, Billy Talbot and Ralph Molina retired to a recording studio for several days and recorded the songs in a very drunk state. In between (1974) was with On the beach an equally dark album was released. On the other hand, there was a good-humored, extremely successful tour with Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young in the same year. A live box for it appeared under the title only 40 years later CSNY 1974.

In 1975 the second album with Crazy Horse was released. At Zumathat particular by the piece Cortez the killer became known, Frank "Poncho" Sampedro replaced the late Danny Whitten on second guitar. After the joint album Long May You Run (1976) with Stephen Stills under the name The Stills-Young Band, was released in 1977 American Stars' n Bars, that with Like a hurricane includes his most famous rock song, which he still performs at many concerts with long guitar improvisations to this day. He then concluded with the release of the compilation Decade the first ten years of his work (1966–1976).

The album Comes a time offered the Harvest sound again in 1978. He ended the 1970s with the critically acclaimed album in 1979 Rust Never Sleeps, on which the A-side was played acoustically and the B-side distorted and crackling with Crazy Horse - it starts softly with My My, Hey Hey (Out of the Blue) and ends with the anthem dedicated to Johnny Rotten Hey Hey, My My (Into the Black). The LP Rust Never Sleeps, upon which the song originally offered by Young Lynyrd Skynyrd Powder fingers is located, was dated Rolling Stone named album of the year. In addition, there was the live double album in the same year Live Rust and the movie Rust Never Sleeps, recorded at the Cow Palace in San Francisco. Neil Young himself directed this concert film as Bernard Shakey. He has since used this pseudonym in many other films.

After working for the film satire Where the Buffalo Roam (1980, Ger. Blast - Where the buffalo roar) was allowed to put together the soundtrack with Bill Murray and also added a few sound compositions of his own, a phase of experimentation began for him, heralded with the album, which was published shortly before the presidential elections in 1980 and was suspected by many fans as patriotic Hawks and Doves, in which he again based on Bob Dylans Bringing It All Back Home one side played acoustically, the other rocky, here in country rock style. Another Crazy Horse album followed in 1981, Re · ac · tor, which, intervening in the nuclear power discussion at that time, with a futuristic design and sometimes crude song lyrics (Got mashed potatoes / ain't got no T-Bone) was less successful.

1982–1987: Years of Crisis - the "Geffen Era"

In 1982 Neil Young moved to Geffen Records, for which he recorded five albums by 1987, which aroused much displeasure among critics and fans. First the album was released in 1982 Transwhich is said to be one of his favorite works, but irritated many of his followers. He created a synthesizer sound that was deliberately influenced by the German electronic band Kraftwerk. On some tracks he had his voice alienated by a Sennheiser VSM 201 vocoder. Young explains in his autobiography that he produced the album without commercial interests for his son, who suffers from infantile cerebral palsy with communication disorders. In the same year he was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame.

In 1983 Young took part Everybody’s Rockin’ a rockabilly album in the style of the 1950s, recorded with a backing band called The Shocking Pinks, which finally earned him the accusation of lack of direction. The country album followed in 1985 Old Ways and 1986 with Landing on Water another synthesizer album. In 1985 he called the festival together with John Mellencamp and Willie Nelson Farm Aid for the benefit of farmers in need, which has since been held regularly with a large number of stars.

Young's last album recorded for Geffen Records Life - again with Crazy Horse - was released in 1987 and was mainly perceived by critics and fans as an upward trend, because the pieces in particular Inca Queen and When Your Lonely Heart Breaks picked up on Young's pre-1982 style. Financially, however, the decade was a failure for Young. Geffen Records accused him from 1982 that his music was "uncharacteristic" for him and therefore financially unsuccessful, which led to a lengthy process between the record company and the artist, as a result of which Young switched back to Reprise Records.

1988–1997: "Godfather of Grunge"

The first album on Reprise Records, the rhythm and blues album This note’s for you (1988), brought Young back on track, despite further expansion of his style repertoire. The title song was extracted from the album. The video that was shot for it was boycotted by MTV because it contained parodies of advertisements with Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston and others. The decision was later revised. Still, it came as a surprise when the video won the top prize at the 1989 MTV Video Music Awards. In the same year he kept a promise that he would record an album with Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young again when David Crosby was freed from his drug addiction. This is how it came about American Dream, the group's second studio album in 19 years.

With the successful album Freedom (1989) he linked to the times of Rust Never Sleeps at. Some songs were already on the EP that same year Eldorado been published. Freedom mixed country / folk songs with hard rock songs. The song Rockin 'in the Free World, which was performed acoustically at the beginning and electrically at the end of the album, became the anthem of that time because it masterfully addresses the social grievances in the USA. At the beginning of the formation of an alternative rock scene in the United States, Young was thus popular with many bands, including Sonic Youth, a role model.

Later also dubbed the “Godfather of Grunge”, he released the rocking one with his house band Crazy Horse in 1990 Ragged Gloryin which the musicians returned to their old form. In addition, the album was equipped with two newly recorded compositions from the mid-1970s (Country Home, White Line). The follow-up was the no less rock-heavy live album Weld (1991), which also comes with a CD called Arc with feedback, guitar cracks and scraps of songs, Young's tribute to experimental rock music. With Weld Young protested against the second Gulf War. So he let out the original war thunder and presented a picture of an oil-smeared bird on the video wall.

In October 1992 followed the publication of Harvest Moonin which he turned back to quieter country and folk. The album was declared part 2 of the so-called Harvest trilogy, which started in 1972 Harvest had started. As a backing band, he has also reactivated the band of yore, The Stray Gators. The theme song Harvest Moon was also successfully released as a single. His half-sister Astrid Young also sang on this album.

In early 1993, Neil Young released the compilation Lucky Thirteen for his former label Geffen Records. He was contractually forced to do this as a result of a legal dispute. Nevertheless, he went to great lengths to put together an exceptional song selection with published and unreleased songs, alternative versions and previously unknown live versions from the Geffen era.

Musically in a similar direction as Harvest Moon goes the successful album Unplugged (1993), that too The Needle and the Damage Done out Harvest and with which he published for the first time one of his numerous acoustic concerts, which he made since the beginning of his career, as part of an MTV series. In 1994, Young was recognized for his contribution to the film of the same name Philadelphia (1993) nominated for an Oscar, but Bruce Springsteen for the song Streets Of Philadelphia won from the same movie.

Kurt Cobain was a great admirer of Neil Young and had quoted him before his suicide in his suicide note with the line "It's better to burn out than to fade away", the original from the acoustic song My My, Hey Hey (Out of the Blue) and occasionally live on the rock version of the same song Hey Hey, My My (Into the Black) is sung. Young then processed Cobain's death in the Crazy Horse album Sleeps With Angels (1994) and dedicated the title track to him.

For the next album Mirror ball (1995) he teamed up with the grunge rock band Pearl Jam. The result was a massive rock epic with a fresh sound that made it interesting for a younger generation (the band name Pearl Jam could not be mentioned on the CD for legal reasons). In return, Neil Young was on the Pearl Jam single Merkinball to be heard on the guitar and the organ. The songs I got id and Long Road originated in the same recording session as Mirror ball. Also in 1995, Young was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame.

In the same year there was also a cooperation with the independent filmmaker Jim Jarmusch for his film Dead man Young contributed the soundtrack in the form of electric guitar improvisations. The album of the same name followed in early 1996. In the following years, two more Crazy Horse albums were released. The studio album Broken Arrow (1996) and the live album Year of the Horse (1997), which as a kind of part two of Weld is felt because it is musically similar and still does not contain a song from the album. But that's how they found classics When You Dance I Can Really Love and Danger Bird the way to the album. The film Year of the Horse by Jim Jarmusch, which was made around the same time, portrays Young and Crazy Horse and shows various concert recordings.

1999–2008: Reunion of CSNY and political albums

1999 came another CSNY album, Looking forward, out. Some of the pieces Young wrote for it were originally for his quiet solo folk album Silver & Gold (2000) thought. Another live album from that year 2000, Road Rock V. I, contains an 18-minute version of the classic Cowgirl in the sand and an adaptation of the Dylan classic All Along the Watchtower (with guest singer Chrissie Hynde).

September 11, 2001 also influenced Young: At the concert America: A Tribute to Heroes he played the John Lennon piece solo on the piano Imagine and accompanied Pearl Jam's Eddie Vedder and Mike McCready in their interpretation of the song Long Road. On his album Are You Passionate? (2002) he also occupied himself with the piece Let's roll which he wrote shortly after the attacks, with the events in the fourth 9/11 terror aircraft, United Airlines Flight 93, which was supposed to crash on the White House or the Capitol. Several inmates attacked the hijackers and crashed the plane in the open.

2003 became the Crazy Horse album Greendale released, a concept album previously played completely live on a solo tour in Europe and a Crazy Horse tour in North America. The story takes place in a fictional small town in which the Green family is embroiled in all kinds of turmoil. It's all about crime from corruption to murder, from intrusive tabloid media to environmental issues. Initially supplemented as a double CD with a live solo concert from Dublin, the album was released a year later in a second edition with a making-of and recordings with Crazy Horse. The story has also been released as a feature film in which the musicians and Young himself are the actors. As well as Greendale The compilation album was also released in 2004 Greatest hits at the request of vinyl fan Young in this increasingly popular form. It sold extremely well and even achieved platinum status in Germany.

In April 2005, Young was treated for a brain aneurysm. The country album recorded shortly before its surgery in Nashville Prairie wind came out at the end of September 2005, along with a DVD about the production of the album. Prairie wind connects stylistically and thematically Harvest and Harvest Moon and thus forms the end of the Harvest-Trilogy.The following August, songs from the album were performed live along with older songs at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville. The film emerged from the recordings Neil Young: Heart Of Gold by Jonathan Demme. With Prairie wind began the renewed collaboration with the musicians Chad Cromwell and Rick Rosas (as in 1988 with This note’s for you and 1989 at Eldorado and Freedom), who then together with Anthony Crawford, Larry Cragg, Pegi Young and Ben Keith, with whom he had already worked on many albums, formed his Electric Band. H. accompanied between 2005 and 2009.

In May 2006 he released the rock-heavy protest album Living With War, that takes a critical look at the US government’s Iraq policy. This album was previously available on the Internet for free. With the album he harshly criticized the policies of US President George W. Bush, especially with regard to the Iraq war at the time. With the song Let's Impeach the President Young even demanded his impeachment. The song was supported by the trumpet of Tommy Bray, which comes along like a fanfare with which to blow the attack. At least since this album, Neil Young became a real protest singer. Living With War also formed the core of the tour Freedom of Speech, which Young completed with his old companions Crosby, Stills & Nash. Young processed the controversial reactions to the album and the tour in his 2008 film CSNY Déjà Vu, as well as the live album Déjà Vu Live appeared. He showed himself on stage politically like seldom before. In the film, he lets war veterans and relatives have their say.

With Live at the Fillmore East, a recording made in March 1970 in New York City with Crazy Horse (with original line-up) as the backing band, the long-awaited one started in November 2006 Neil Young Archives Performance Series. Since then he has been publishing live recordings of his entire career at irregular intervals, which previously could only be acquired on the market as a bootleg. These have been processed in the best sound quality. By 2019, eleven live recordings had been released as part of this series.

In 2007 he released the album Chrome Dreams II again with his Electric Band, a reminiscence of what never appeared Chrome Dreams, that should have been released in the mid-1970s and is only available as a bootleg today. Chrome Dreams II partly consists of newly recorded, unreleased classics like the 18-minute song Ordinary People. From the narrative point of view as an ode to the “little people” and an allusion to the Reagonomics, the song became topical again 20 years later under the Bush administration (Bushonomics) and is reminiscent of Cortez the killer or Thrasher. Also included is a new one Boxcar–Version as well as other catchy new rock compositions like No hidden path and Spirit Road.

2009-2014: Second experimental phase and a new love

Another album followed in 2009, Fork In The Road, again with the Electric Band. The concept album is about the conversion and expansion of his Lincoln Continental into a hybrid electric vehicle, the so-called "LincVolt Project", which Neil Young himself financed and which he also reports on in his autobiography. In the same year he released the box set Neil Young Archives Vol. I, a retrospective of the years 1963–1972, on which he worked for around twenty years. For the design of the box set cover, he finally received his first Grammy in the category "Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package".

2010 began with a special honor for Neil Young. He was responsible for his old song at the closing ceremony of the Winter Olympics in Vancouver Long May You Run to play while the fire was slowly going out. The album produced by Daniel Lanois was released in September of that year Le Noise, which Young recorded without a backing band. For the single Angry World he got a Grammy, this time in the category "Best Rock Song". At the Juno Awards 2011 he was named Artist of the Year, but also got the award for that Adult Alternative Album of the Year.

In 2011, Neil Young worked on his memoir Waging Heavy Peace, the 2012 in German under the title A hippie dream were published. Here he reports on his life and current projects, alternating between the present and the past. His "LincVolt project" and the work on the new sound format "PureTone" or "Pono", which should have studio quality, take up a lot of space. He reports that he stopped consuming alcohol and marijuana for the first time in his life: “My doctor doesn't think that would be good for my brain.” At the same time, he says that he had no new songs at the time the book was written can write, but still look forward to new projects.

In 2012 the albums were released with Crazy Horse Americana and Psychedelic pill. Americana includes only American folk classics like Oh Susannah, Tom Dula or Woody Guthries This Land Is Your Land in the typical, guitar-heavy Crazy Horse style. The double album Psychedelic pill contains eight new original compositions, including pieces longer than 16 minutes such as Walk Like A Giant, Driftin 'Back and Ramada Inn. Rolling Stone rated the album by the "uncouth, 43-year-old garage band" and the "last hippie" with four out of five stars. In 2013 a European tour had to be canceled due to a broken finger of guitarist Frank “Poncho” Sampedro. The tour, which continued in 2014, was met with good criticism.

But once again Neil Young was at a completely different point in his career at that time. Because in spring 2014 he brought with him A letter home that since Arc most unusual work of his career. He used for the recordings of 11 cover songs, e.g. B. by Bob Dylan or Bruce Springsteen, a so-called Voice-O-Graph from 1947, with which one could directly record mono records at the time. The phone booth-like box belonged to the Third Man Records label by Jack White, who also appeared as the only guest musician and co-produced the album.

That summer, after 36 years of marriage, Neil Young filed for divorce from his wife, Pegi Young. His new girlfriend became the actress and activist Daryl Hannah. With the album Storytone (2014) he processed both the breakup with coping songs and the new love with new love songs. Still there was Who's Gonna Stand Up? also a political protest song. Neil Young recorded the songs in addition to his piano or guitar playing with a big band or orchestra, which made many of the songs sound like swing music or film music. In a second sales option as a double album, the songs can also be heard without a big band and orchestra, which gives these songs a clear folk song character.

From autumn 2014: With Promise Of The Real, Crazy Horse and protest albums

In autumn 2014 the collaboration with Lukas and Micah Nelson, the two sons of country star Willie Nelson, and Lukas ’backing band Promise Of The Real began. With The Monsanto Years (2015) released Neil Young & Promise Of The Real an album with which he again brought his political engagement to a climax in musical form. He is now openly opposing the agricultural company Monsanto, which has been criticized for its pesticides and GMOs (genetically modified organisms). But other companies such as B. with the song A Rock Star Bucks A Coffee Shop are clearly criticized. In 2016, Neil Young left the live album Earth in which he reworked the 2015 world tour with Promise Of The Real in the studio by adding sounds from nature and civilization to the songs.

The solo album followed in the same year (2016) Peace Trail, with which he brought out a slightly less ecstatic album, which fluctuated between private and political topics mixed with lyrics, but also with the song Indian Givers against large corporations, which in this case built an oil pipeline, the Dakota Access Pipeline, in the Sioux area. He is still involved in this matter today by not accepting any companies or banks as sponsors who have supported this pipeline construction. The following year the start of a new album series called Neil Young Archives Special Release Series. These are previously unreleased albums from his career and special albums that will be produced in addition to his normal work in the future. He started with Hitchhiker (2017). This work was recorded purely solo in 1976. It was recorded at the time by longtime producer David Briggs. In addition, Neil Young began to publish his entire work piece by piece on a website on the Internet.

The Visitor is then called a new album with Promise Of The Real, which Neil Young also released in 2017. Here he is again taking stronger action against politically powerful people. Especially with the songs Already great and Stand tall he attacks hatred, fascism and sedition in the world and especially in the USA. And yet this album also has another experimental side, such as the carnival-like one Carnival. But as early as March 2018, Neil Young left with the Netflix feature film paradox follow another curve in his work. This time it is the musicians of Promise Of The Real, Willie Nelson and Neil Young himself, who act, while Daryl Hannah acts as the director. It's a western that combines the past and the present. The soundtrack paradox appeared almost simultaneously.

50 years after their founding and 7 years after their last album together, Neil Young reactivated his house band Crazy Horse in 2019. Without Frank 'Poncho' Sampedro, but with his old companion Nils Lofgren on the second guitar, who was a member of Crazy Horse for a while in the early 1970s. The rhythm was again provided by Billy Talbot (bass) and Ralph Molina (drums). The album Colorado comes in the typical Crazy Horse sound. With the hard one Shut It Down and breastfeeding Green is blue but he also goes lyrically in the direction of the protest song by addressing climate change.

Young released the album on June 19, 2020 Homegrownthat he had created and announced 45 years earlier. With the album, the musician processes the failure of his relationship with Carrie Snodgress at the time. After the album was announced in 1975, Young decided to release the rockier one Tonight's The Night. Young himself justified the withdrawal from Homegrown with the fact that the songs are too personal for him. During the Corona crisis, Neil Young offered various concerts as a free live stream in 2020. B. played solo in front of the fireplace at home. The sixth so-called "Fireside Session", which was recorded on July 1st, 2020, was released on September 18th, 2020 as an EP The Times on CD. Central piece is Lookin 'For A Leader 2020, which originally had an anti-Bush text from 2006, and has now been provided with an anti-Trump text.

On November 6, 2020, Young published with Return to Greendale episode 16 of his "Archives Performance Series", in which the artist publishes recordings of individual concerts. The normal version of the album consists of 2 CDs, alternatively 2 LPs. In the deluxe version, however, it also contains a DVD and a Blu-ray disc, which also visually reproduce the concert from September 4, 2003 in Toronto. In the rock opera Greendale, which Young originally published in 2003, is particularly concerned with the topic of environmental protection. While the songs tell the story of the Green family in the fictional US town of Greendale, actors play the plot during the published concert and move their lips to their respective text passages in the songs.

More than 11 years after his first Archives box set, Neil Young brought the second part of the comprehensive retrospective on November 20, 2020 Neil Young Archives Vol. II out. It covers his creative period from 1972 to 1976. The collection contains a total of 10 CDs with published and unpublished material. However, it was initially only released in a very limited edition of 3,000 pieces, which was already sold out within just one day when advance sales started 5 weeks before publication. It was not until March 5, 2021 that the box set was available in free trade in a non-limited edition.

In January 2021, Neil Young sold 50% of the music publishing rights to his works to the Hipgnosis Songs Fund. With this, Hipgnosis Songs Fund acquired half of the worldwide copyrights of around 1180 songs that Young had written by then. In February 2021 appeared with Way Down In The Rust Bucket another live album from Neil Young & Crazy Horse. It is a "seditious show" that took place on November 13, 1990 shortly after the album was released Ragged Glory recorded at The Catalyst in Santa Cruz. A concert film on DVD is also included in a deluxe edition box.

Four weeks later, Young put on with a live concert release of a solo performance on January 22, 1971 from the American Shakespeare Theater in Stratford, Connecticut. He named this album after the theater Young Shakespeare. The recordings were once made by the Dutch filmmaker Wim van der Linden, who shot them for a documentary about Neil Young for the German TV broadcaster ARD. This TV show ran in 1971 as part of the German music series "Swing In". These are the first ever film recordings of a Neil Young concert.

Private

From 1968 to 1970, Young was married to the owner of Canyon Country Kitchen, Susan Acevedo. With the actress Carrie Snodgress (1945-2004) he had a relationship from 1971 to 1975, from which a son comes. In 1978 he married Pegi Morton (1952-2019). With her he also has a son (* 1978) and a daughter (* 1984) who works as a visual artist. In July 2014, Neil Young filed for divorce from Pegi Young after 36 years of marriage. Since then he has been in a relationship with actress Daryl Hannah. They married on August 25, 2018, as confirmed in November 2018.

Both sons developed infantile cerebral palsy. In 1986, Neil and Pegi Young established the Bridge School Foundation, which offers children with disabilities an education. For this foundation, a concert took place every October from 1986 to 2016, at which well-known artists such as Bob Dylan, Bruce Springsteen, Tom Petty, Elvis Costello, Metallica and many others performed. The musicians and bands played almost exclusively with acoustic instruments.

In March 2005, Young underwent surgery for a life-threatening brain aneurysm after discovering visual impairment during admission work. After the operation he had to be resuscitated because the operated blood vessel burst open again and this probably led to a cardiac arrest. The following April he was able to perform again at the Canadian Live 8 concert.

Political

Young has been the holder of the Order of Manitoba, the highest award in the Canadian province of Manitoba. He has supported a number of projects to improve the condition of the indigenous people in North America. In 1978 and 2018, his home in Malibu near Zuma Beach burned down in forest fires in California.

As of January 2020, Neil Young has both Canadian and US citizenship. He had requested this so that he could vote against the previous President Donald Trump in the presidential election in November 2020. During the 2020 US election campaign, Donald Trump used music by Neil Young several times. Young forbade him each time and wrote him an open letter on July 6, 2020 after three of his songs were used at a campaign event in front of Mount Rushmore. He stands on the side of the Indians (who claim Mount Rushmore for themselves) and is working to ensure that Trump is voted out in November 2020. He filed in a district court in New York in August 2020 because of the use of his songs Rockin 'in the Free World and Devil's Sidewalk US President Donald Trump filed a lawsuit against Trump's campaign team in several campaign appearances.

Source: Wikipedia.org