The arts Is art discovered or created
Average rating: 3.70 of 5 with 115 votes.
Renaissance means rebirth. What is meant is antiquity. This is not limited to art: the highly developed sciences, ancient law and the state, all of this is rediscovered and studied in the Renaissance.
As of June 30, 2017
Florence, the cloth merchant metropolis of Italy, is at the center of these developments. The Medicis, a family of cloth merchants and bankers who have made money, rule here. The Medicis promote the arts and commission well-known builders, sculptors and painters with buildings, sculptures and paintings.
The spatial revolution in painting
The landmark of Florence
One of them is Filippo Brunelleschi. The architect not only built the dome of the Florentine Cathedral, he also developed the central perspective - and thus revolutionized painting. He breaks down the model he wants to draw into squares of the same size with the help of grid lines. He then transfers his template into the corresponding grid of his drawing, box by box. This has the advantage that the spatial perspective is transferred to the paper at the same time. Brunelleschi showed this invention to his friend the painter Masaccio in 1425. The architect helps him develop the three-dimensional Trinity fresco - the first painting to be created according to the laws of central perspective.
The human being at the center of art
Like Brunelleschi, other Florentine builders also deal with the architectural treatise of Vitruvius, which was active in Roman antiquity. Above all, they adopt the order of the columns, for example to structure the facades of the palaces. Leonardo da Vinci also uses Vitruvius' treatise for his study of proportions. Da Vinci recognizes that all parts of the human body have a certain relationship to one another and are integrated into a geometric system. He conducts anatomical studies and incorporates this knowledge into his work. His most famous painting, the Mona Lisa, still influences many artists today. But not only this portrait shows how much man, as God created him, is at the center of art. The two David statues by Donatello and Michelangelo move people naked into the open space as in antiquity - unthinkable in the Middle Ages.
The artist at the center of art
In the late Renaissance, also known as Mannerism, the lifelike depiction of the human being took a back seat. Rather, the artist's desire to immortalize himself can be seen in the Mannerist works - through idiosyncratic style. This manifests itself in grimaceous faces, overstretched limbs, and unnatural postures. This tendency to exaggerate already heralds the baroque era.
In short The style characteristics of the Renaissance
- The human being moves back into the focus of art, as in antiquity.
- The spatial perspective revolutionizes painting.
- Sculptures stand free in space, are no longer part of buildings.
- What can you do after graduation?
- How can I benefit from free time
- Should Christians go to night clubs
- Who is interested in Indian men
- Why do smokers' lips turn blue
- Why are flat icons so popular now
- What is the square shape
- How do I make a homemade stromboli
- How can you create Airfix stickers?
- What makes cupcakes so moist
- Was Victorian Britain a wealthy place?
- How is heat stored in air
- What are some favorite foods of rabbits
- What is the best password to remember
- Is the bunting respected in baseball
- Why is strategic capacity planning important
- Is India being treated with nuclear weapons
- How old are the oldest living triplets
- How should you wear platform shoes
- Is drinking overrated?
- Why does he sometimes ignore me
- What's keeping you awake right now?
- How insurers develop insurance products
- How many solar cells in one megawatt