What remains important for an interview

What is an interview?

An interview is a questioning by questioners (so-called interviewers, e.g. journalists) with the aim of ascertaining personal information or facts.

During an interview, e.g. B. the journalist with one (sometimes several) person (s), usually with specialists in a field.
As a rule, the journalist asks questions, which the interviewed person answers.

It is particularly good when you receive new, interesting and detailed information from the person interviewed. Therefore, one should be careful not to ask questions that can only be answered with yes or no.

Before the interview

If you want to interview someone, here's what you should do:

  1. Do yourself before thoughtswhat you want to know and why you want to interview this person in particular.

  2. Think carefully about which ones ask you present to your interviewee.

  3. Prepare one Interview sheet by writing down the questions and leaving space underneath to write down the answers.

  4. Think about whether you can do the interview take up want to hear answers again.
    If you choose to do this, you need to ask your interviewee if that is okay with him / her too.

During the interview

  1. Greet your interlocutor and behave appropriately (polite, friendly) (throughout the entire interview).

  2. Always place a single question and let your interviewee speak out.

  3. Respond to his / her answers.
    Try to comment on the statements (e.g., "That sounds really exciting"), and question once more additionally toif something remains open or you are even more interested in something.

  4. Make a note of the Answers in bullet points on the interview sheet.

  5. Thank you you at the end of the conversation with your interlocutor.

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After the interview

  1. At the end you should revise your interview sheet again:
    Read through the sheet with your key words carefully, add anything else that you have not noted down, and try to make everything understandable.
    You can now listen to your recording again and compare it with your keywords.

  2. Depending on the purpose of your interview, you can now copy or type it, summarize the information or prepare it for a presentation.

Different forms of interview

There are three different types of interview:

  • The Interview to the person:
    Here questions are asked that concern the person himself.
  • The Interview to the point:
    Here questions are asked that help clarify a situation, for example about a job.
  • The Interview on opinion:
    Questions are asked here that require a person to comment on a matter, e.g. B. whether one likes a cell phone ban at school.

Different types of questions: The leading question

With regard to the questions, one differentiates between different forms:

In the Leading question the respondent is influenced by the way the question is presented.
Leading questions are asked in such a way that the interlocutor actually has no other option than to answer the question in the affirmative.

For example: "You also think that a youth club is needed in the city?" or "You surely find it good when the applicants are not only motivated but also have good references?"

The introductory parts, which require consent, force the interlocutor to give an answer, so to speak, which is, however, given by the interviewer.

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Closed questions

Closed questions can only be explained with very short answers.

For example: "Whose idea was it to found a youth club in this city?" or "Where did you spend your honeymoon?".

The answer to question one would be a name (or possibly several names), but not a long story of how the idea came about.
The answer to question two would also be rather short: the person you were speaking to would probably name the country and possibly add something to the place, but certainly not tell what he has done.

Open questions

Open questions on the other hand, allow the interviewee to form longer answers and should motivate them to tell.

For example: "How did you come up with this idea?" or "How did you get into this job?"

Questions with “how” are mostly open. For the first question, the interviewee should describe the process of generating ideas.
A more detailed answer is expected for the second question.