How many continents do states have

The seven continents

The term continent refers to a closed land mass that is completely or at least almost completely surrounded by water. The seven continents together make up almost 30 percent of the earth's surface. The rest are oceans, seas, and islands.


The Asian continent is in many ways the supercontinent on the earth's crust. It takes up 8.7 percent of the conquered area and, with 44.5 million square kilometers, is bigger than any other continent. Over four billion people live in Asia. That is around 60 percent of the world population and thus almost eight times as many people as in North America. The highest peaks of our earth's crust are also in Asia, including all fourteen eight-thousanders. TheMount Everest is the highest point at 8,848 meters. The second highest mountain is the imKarakoramlyingK2, which is also known as the mountain of mountains and is certainly the greatest challenge for an alpinist.


Africa is the second largest and so-called "black" continent. Over a billion people live there, which is 14.2 percent of the world's population. Africa is considered the cradle of modern mankind and one of the earliest advanced civilizations arose in Egypt. Nowhere else is the species richness of large mammals so diverse and nowhere in the world do people speak so many different languages ​​as in Africa. Over 2000 languages ​​are registered in the 53 different countries of the African continent. The highest mountain is that Kilimanjaro massif at 5895 meters in Tanzania. Just under 700 meters lower, but much more challenging to climb, is the 325 kilometers as the crow flies Mount Kenya in neighboring Kenya.

North America

Nearly 540 million people currently live in North America. That is almost 7.6 percent of the world's population. North America is only about half the size of Asia and the third largest continent on earth. Christopher Columbus discovered the "New World" in 1492, which is only connected to the South American continent by the approximately 80 kilometers narrow isthmus of Panama. The highest mountain in North America is in the Alaska range Mount McKinley with a height of 6,149 meters. The second highest peak and just under 200 meters lower is Mount Logan in the Elias chain of Canada, which is considered to be one of the most inhospitable mountains in the world.

South America

The fourth largest continent is South America with an area of ​​nearly 18 million square kilometers and nearly 400 million people. At over 7,500 kilometers, the Andes are the longest mountain range in the world. There, exactly on the border between Chile and Argentina, lies the Aconcagua, the highest peak in South America at 6,962 meters and the highest point outside of Asia. Also the Ojos del Salado on the edge of the Atacama Desert lies on the border of Chile and Argentina. The highest but long-extinct volcano on earth, like the Aconcagua, is not very technically demanding.


With an area of ​​13.2 million square kilometers, Antarctica is the fifth largest continent on earth and larger than Europe, but actually practically nobody lives there. There are around 4,000 people in the over 80 research stations in summer and barely a thousand in winter. The areas surrounding the South Pole are called Antarctica. How much mainland there actually is is not known, because an ice sheet up to three thousand meters thick lies over the Antarctic. It is the land of penguins and seals, sea lions and whales. At 4,896 meters and thus about as high as Mont Blanc in the Alps, the Mount Vinson the highest point in Antarctica. Mount Tyree is the second highest mountain, only 44 meters lower and just 13 kilometers as the crow flies. It was climbed for the first time in 1967 and has not been climbed since 1997.


Although Europe as a land mass is directly connected to Asia for thousands of kilometers, it is viewed as an independent continent due to historical and cultural developments. However, one also speaks of Eurasia. With over 700 million people, Europe is the most densely populated continent on earth; an average of 65 inhabitants live in one square kilometer. After Australia, Europe is the second smallest continent. There are different opinions as to whether the inner Eurasian border counts the Caucasus Mountains entirely to Asia or whether the part beyond the northern watershed belongs to Europe. However, if one takes the geographical watershed as a yardstick, then the two highest peaks in Europe are in the Caucasus: the Elbrus with a height of 5642 meters and the neighboring one Dychtau at 5204 meters as the second highest peak in Europe.

Australia and Oceania

34 million inhabitants, 8.5 million square kilometers of total area and 1.7 percent of the total surface of the earth - Australia and Oceania together form the seventh and smallest continent on earth. Tasmania, New Guinea, New Zealand and the island states in the Pacific form the continent with Australia. The Carstenz pyramid in New Guinea is the highest mountain at 4884 meters. Then comes the Puncak Trikora with a height of 4730 meters.