How is the restaurant business 1

Use of specific skill visas in the restaurant industry, commenting on application requirements, exam outline and employment points

In addition to nursing with the residence status of certain skills, the catering trade is to receive the second largest number of foreign employees out of two. Specific skills are also applied to operations where a work visa was not previously available in the restaurant business. Hence, it is expected that restaurant employment opportunities for foreigners will increase.

At this point, the application and examination requirements are explained, which must be clarified for companies and businesses that are considering the employment of foreigners who have special skills in the restaurant sector.
In addition, the point that the side to be engaged should pay attention to is also explained in detail. Use this as a reference when considering hiring a visa for specific skills.


Table of Contents

Background and perspectives for accepting foreigners with special knowledge in gastronomy

With the problem of downsizing, efforts to save labor and reduce costs with the latest technology have also begun in the food service sector.
In addition, we are actively recruiting domestic employees such as women and the elderly.

However, the ratio of effective vacancies is "restaurant owner / manager" 12.68 times, "food service person in charge" 7.16 times the seller market, it is an industry where securing human resources is difficult.
In the first half of 2018, the vacancy rate is 5.4%, which indicates a labor shortage in companies, and more than 2 times that of all industries, which indicates a serious labor shortage.
Even if you are trying to increase productivity and secure domestic human resources through corporate efforts, this is an industry that is still expected to face a labor shortage and the government has taken the lead in developing foreign human resources.

A maximum of 5 and 5 people are expected to eat out in 3000.
The hospitality industry is expected to have a 29 labor shortage. The annual productivity increase of 0.5 in percent and the number of employees for acceptance are determined with a view to securing additional local human resources.

According to 2017 statistics, the number of foreign workers in the food industry is 14.3.
The foreigners who are close to 7 work part-time for unskilled jobs such as studying abroad and family stays. The residence status based on the status of permanent residents also shows the 2 percentage.

Given that the number of people with professional and technical residency status such as “Skills” and “Management / Management” does not reach the 1 percentage, it can be assumed that the residency status of certain skills will have a major impact on the restaurant business will


Types of work that specially trained foreigners in the field of catering can do and prohibited work

The residence status for certain skills applies to foreigners who have acquired a certain level of skills and knowledge, and it is determined in which field of work each industrial sector can be active.
The content of the work permitted by the catering industry and the work that does not apply are explained below.


Scope of eating business of certain skills foreigners and prohibited operations allowed

The food service industry generally includes food and drink preparation, customer service, and running the business.
At the same time, it is not inappropriate for them to be engaged in related tasks performed by regular Japanese employees, such as sourcing and receiving raw materials and delivery work.

In addition to restaurants, take-aways and delivery services also apply to shops.

Up to now it has not been possible in the catering industry to obtain residence status for work in the kitchen, in which the staff in the hall and the Japanese can participate.
Even if it's a specific skill, even store clerks can hire foreigners as full-time workers.

It is important to note that the employment of specially trained foreigners in sales offices that run catering businesses such as cabaret and girls' bars is not permitted.

In shops that operate an "entertainment business such as the entertainment and food and beverage business" that corresponds to customs business 1, 2 and 3 according to the sex business law, foreigners also receive a specific skill visa, also for cooking and customer care - and management tasks. I can't let go


Restaurant or takeaway, restaurant delivery service (e.g. cafeteria, restaurant, café, fast food restaurant, take-away specialty store, catering restaurant, etc.)Description of the work that is allowed by a specific skill visa
Cooking food
Customer service
An exception is not permitted for a specific skills visaWork in sales offices that carry out "entertainment business such as sales and entertainment" that corresponds to the sex sales business of the Sex Sales Act (e.g. cabaret and girls' bar)

Requirements for foreign employees to obtain specific skills visas in the restaurant industry

Acceptance in the hospitality industry is only the specific skill 1. No academic background or career is required.
The following 3 points are required from foreigners at the time of application:

• Be over 18 years old
• Have passed the mandatory Japanese language test
• Passing the prescribed skill test

In addition, graduates of the 2-skills training can be transferred to certain 1-skills by granting an exception. From 2019, however, there will be no acceptance of skills interns in the food service industry.
Qualified 2018 graduates of the specialist training "Production of food for medical facilities and welfare institutions", who were added to the technical training system in the 11th and 2th month, can in future switch to the specified 1 qualification in the food service business.


Japanese skills and skills with specific skills 1 required in the restaurant industry

We will explain in detail the contents of the Japanese language test and the technical placement test for the specific skills in the restaurant industry.


Accepted Japanese exam and required level

• Domestic: "Japanese Language Proficiency Test" N4 or higher
• Overseas: “Japanese Language Proficiency Test” N 4 or higher or “The Japan Foundation Japanese Language Foundation Test”


With food from the industry skill measurement test

The ability test in the food service industry is carried out in the "food service ability test".
It is a test to ensure you have the necessary knowledge and skills in food handling, food and grocery, cooking, and services that involve food hygiene. The exams are conducted on the topic and on 2.

[Sample content for a capability measurement test in the food industry]

Departmental Exam・ Sanitary management: About satellite management such as food poisoning, freezing temperature and cross pollution, satellite management which adopted the idea of ​​HACCP
・ Food and drink preparation: ingredients, preparation, knowledge of each cooking method, etc.
・ General customer service: customer service, food allergy, business management, complaint handling, etc.
Practical exam ・ Assessment test: Assess correct behavior using numbers and illustrations
・ Planning test: plan the work according to a given formula

<Referenz:Ausländische Organisation zur Bewertung von Fertigkeiten in der Lebensmittelindustrie (OTAFF)>

With a score of 65% or more on the total score as the pass line, the candidate selects either "subject related" or "actual subject" and the slope distribution is applied.

Japan Food Services Association website You can download the exam text for Japanese and Vietnamese from.


Direction, date and place of the Japanese language exam and the food industry technical exam

The following table summarizes the details of the subjects and methods of the individual tests.

Test nameImplementer方法Times场所
能力 試 験[Domestic] Japan Foundation Independent Management InstitutionMark sheetPerformed twice a yearAny prefecture
【International】 Japan International Education Support Association1 time to 2 timesConfirm with the local implementation organization
The Japan Foundation Japanese Language Foundation TestJapan Foundation Independent Managing AuthorityCBT method Over 6 times overseas onlyConfirm with the local implementation organization
Food service skill measurement testOrganization for assessing the skills of the foreign food industryWriting, practical skills[Domestic] year XNUM times

[Outside the country] in preparation

In Japan, it is implemented in Tokyo, Osaka and other areas

The skill test of the restaurant skill test was carried out on the one-month day in Tokyo and Osaka. Successful candidates are announced in the 4 month of 25.


Five Points to Consider When Hiring Certain Qualified Foreigners in Restaurants and Large Restaurants

There is a duty to protect restaurant companies, which are the accepting organizations, when recruiting specifically qualified foreigners.
The following notes on 5 precautionary measures when setting.

Requirements for food companies to join the Council

First of all, it is necessary to clarify the standards that are required for the receiving organization of specific skills.
In addition, you must perform the duties of the host organization for employment.
In this case, it is necessary to become a member of the industry meeting set up by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

■ Standards of the receiving organization that employs specially qualified foreigners
• The employment contract signed with foreigners is appropriate
• The facility itself is adequate (no immigration / labor law violations within 5 years, no missing persons within 1 years).
• There is a system of support for foreigners
• The plan to assist foreigners is appropriate

■ With a special competence meeting for the food industry
It is an organization made up of the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, related industry associations, registration support organizations, and other related parties.
We understand the status of accepting foreigners and we pay attention to fraud prevention and compliance.
In order to employ certain qualified foreigners in the hospitality industry, you must be a member of the council.
The deadline for joining the council is less than 4 months after the company first admitted certain qualified foreigners.


Specific skills in the catering industry can only be hired directly, not dispatched

The employment of foreigners with certain skills in the catering trade is only permitted for direct contracts.
You cannot set certain skills of 1 foreigners in a dispatch form.


Employment Contract Points: Full-time and pay equal to or higher than Japanese

When entering into an employment contract, social security and workers should not be treated like Japanese, and you should not discriminate against foreigners.
In addition, visas for certain competencies can only be applied for full-time employment. The specified working hours must be adhered to, XNUM X days a week, XNUM X hours or more.
In addition, it stipulates that the salary level is equal to or higher than that of the Japanese who do the same work.
If you set an unreasonably low salary, please be aware that your status of residence may not be granted.


Use of certain skills 1 foreigners are limited to 5 years

The residence status for a specific skill 1 can only be totaled up to a maximum of 5 years.
In other words, if the restaurant industry hires a foreigner with a certain 1 skill, 5 is allowed to work.
At present there is no transition from the specific skill 1 in the restaurant business to the specific skill 2 without an upper limit on the stay.
The foreigner must consider another possible residence status or return to his home country within 5 years.


With the support plan that the host organization should implement

When hiring 1 foreigner with specific skills, the host organization must create and implement an appropriate support plan.
The assistance programs required include pre-entry guidance, airport transfers, assistance with securing a residence, and providing information necessary for work and life.
These support plans are to be committed by the employer.


Example of the use of a special skill visa in the restaurant industry Under what circumstances can you hire foreigners?

In the restaurant industry such as restaurants and take-away shops, under what circumstances can you use a specific skills visa to hire foreigners? The following is a list of possible cases.


Vocational school graduates are upgraded from part-time workers to full-time workers

Skills Visas can be used to recruit foreign nationals with study status abroad or family members who are full-time employees as part-time workers.
Permission for non-qualification activities is required to work under the “College Student” or “Family Stay” status. The working time is limited to 28 hours per week.

Until now, it has not been possible to employ foreigners full-time by gaining residency status that allows them to work in business management and customer service.
If it is a specific skill visa, a foreign employee who has gained work experience as a full-time employee in a part-time job can be employed.


Mass adoption in large food and beverage chains

The residence status for certain skills can not only be recruited from Japan, but also attracts foreign talent from abroad.
Hence, it can be a means of addressing the labor shortage in large chain restaurants that want to secure a certain number of people.
However, residence status for certain skills 1 can only stay in Japan for a total of up to 5 years.
It is necessary to draw up a hiring plan with an increase based on the upper limit of 5 years.

Summary: Understand the host organization's duties and employ specially trained foreigners in the catering industry

The number of people acquiring certain skills for foreigners in the hospitality industry is expected to be XNUM X years, XNUM X 10,000, X NUM X.
Given the likely understaffed number of workers in the industry, certain skilled foreigners need to be employed quickly.
If the government decides that the number of people will be accepted and the number of foreign personnel is enough, the acceptance can be stopped.
In addition, the implementation of the support plan and the corresponding employment contract is the responsibility of the host organization.
For small food service companies, the company can help with the provision of airport transfers and necessary administrative procedures such as: B. administrative procedures, be burdened.
Working with a registration support organization that can outsource support plans and an administrator who specializes in visa support is essential to keep it running smoothly.