What is Canberra's population

History Canberra: Important information about the development of the capital

The History of Canberra is still quite young, as only a few cornerstones were created before the 20th century and the actual development did not take place until after 1900. Furthermore, the initial build-up proceeded very slowly because of the two world wars and the economic crisis. Up until the 1950s, Canberra was even said to have more trees than houses. Today, however, the capital of the red continent has blossomed quite a bit compared to many other Australian cities, especially in terms of income, unemployment rate and educational standard.


Early history

According to various finds, such as rock paintings and tombs, various Aboriginal tribes, including the Ngunnawal, are believed to have lived in what is now the Australian Capital Territory at least 21,000 years ago. Between 1820 and 1824, four European research groups roamed the area in search of the origin of the Molonglo River. 1824 let Joshua John Moore build a homestead on the Acton Peninsula (today's location of the National Museum of Australia) to Livestock farming to operate. When he bought the land in 1826, he named it Canberry. The current name of the capital became more and more established, so that even the local Aboriginal tribes sometimes referred to themselves as Kamberra or Camberri.

In 1827 the first child of European descent in Canberra history was born, and in 1845 St. John's Church, which still exists today, was established. Furthermore, more and more areas were used as sheep pastures in the course of the 19th century, which is why the majority of the around 2,500 residents who immigrated by 1851 were sheep breeders. The historic Blundells' Cottage was built in 1859 and is located in what is now Kings Park. In addition, the European population growth had a negative impact on the number of Aborigines. On the one hand, there was famine among the indigenous people because the new settlers used important hunting grounds for the locals. On the other hand, Western diseases broke out among the Aborigines to which they were not resistant. By 1878, most of the Aboriginal people had reunited with the Europeans, and the last full-blooded Aboriginal woman probably died in 1897.


Recent history

In connection with the unification of the Australian states, the first talks about the Appointment of the capital of the Commonwealth of Australia. Melbourne, the most populous metropolis to date, had very good prerequisites. Sydney, located in the largest state of New South Wales, as the oldest and at that time only major city in Australia apart from Melbourne, also claimed this status. However, since there was no agreement between the two Rivals came one developed Compromise solution. Melbourne was to be the capital of the red continent until a new seat of government was established in the New South Wales area. Charles Scrivener's research, which began in 1908, determined the scenic and, above all, final location of the new capital at the foot of the Australian Alps in the same year. Another important date in Canberra's history is the January 01, 1910, on which New South Wales ceded to the new Australian Capital Territory land.

In 1911 an international competition was launched to design a city map for the new seat of government. It was decided 1912 for the concept of the architect from Chicago Walter Burley Griffin. The convincing features of his City map were the preservation of the natural aesthetics by taking the landscape into account, the order-creating geometric shapes, the division with a lake in the center and the axes oriented towards certain institutions. The start of building was on February 20, 1913 symbolically introduced. Furthermore found the official naming on March 12, 1913 on Capital Hill, which has since been celebrated with the 10-day Canberra Festival and Canberra Day on the second Monday in March.

However, the development of the new capital continued during the First world war (1914-1918), the Great Depression (from 1929) and des Second world war (1939 - 1945) only progressed slowly. Above all, the resulting shortage of capital, conflicts and lack of skilled workers make the beginning of Canberra's history very arduous. The first school building (1923), public transport (1925) and several cultural institutions were built in the 1920s. Police institutions, the city center and the provisional Old Parliament House were completed in 1927. On May 9, 1927, Canberra finally received the title of the official capital of Australia. A little later, radio stations developed, more and more diplomats arrived, embassies were built, a military airfield was built in 1940 and the Australian War Memorial opened in 1941. Until the beginning of the 1950s, Canberra, with its vast forests and fields, was still very rural and cows grazed on the lush meadows in front of the parliament building.

After the Second World War More and more government institutions moved from Melbourne to the state capital and in 1946 the Australian National University (ANU) was founded. Greater progress can be seen in the 1960s, as diverse cultural institutions, Lake Burley Griffin and Canberra Airport were created that year. From 1960 to 1975 the population rose from around 50,000 to around. 230,000. In response to this rapid population growth, the residential districts were expanded further and further. However, the city suffered a stroke of fate with the so-called Canberra Flood in the year 1971which killed 7 people. Increasingly, national state and cultural institutions sprang up and made the city more and more meaningful. At the May 9, 1988 the new Parliament House was finally opened on Capital Hill. Finally, the serious forest fires of January 18, 2003, in which several people were killed, should be mentioned. Since 21st century Numerous buildings and urban development projects are also planned. In addition, the population rose steadily and relatively quickly in the new millennium. In summary, it can be said that the almost completely planned city has developed into a safe and pleasant living space over time.


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