Why are succulents so difficult to identify
The Succulent care is not difficult even for beginners. Succulents are grateful houseplants because they can cope with negligent care better than most of the other ornamental plants in our homes.
Almost all succulent houseplants need as much direct sun as possible. Only a few members of the Liliaceae family make an exception, especially the Haworthia and Gasterien, which can also tolerate somewhat shady locations.
Light / location
A good location
Succulent houseplants are cultivated in the sunniest window or in its immediate vicinity. Since, with the exception of skylights and in winter gardens, the light always illuminates the succulents from one side, you should turn the planter by a quarter every few days. This is how you achieve a uniform and beautiful growth pattern. During the brightest season you can turn the pot a little daily.
If a succulent plant forms unnaturally thin and long shoots, the light is usually not sufficient. Such a sparse growth is particularly noticeable in actually compact growing, rosette-forming succulents such as the echeveria. An Echeveria that is illuminated with sufficient light has a flat rosette. This develops much longer in low light conditions and then looks ugly and horny.
Location in summer
Like many indoor plants, succulents are very grateful for an outdoor spot in spring and summer. The succulents from the genera Haworthie, Gasterie and Aloe should get a partially shaded place outdoors. For the remaining succulents you can choose a very sunny to full sun place.
The sunny summer place outdoors, in connection with the nightly temperature drops, is important for the flowering of many succulents. Under the artificial conditions of indoor culture, numerous succulent plants are not expected to flower because the light intensity is insufficient. On the other hand, non-blooming species and those with small, inconspicuous flowers are valued because of their often bizarre, unusual shapes and nicely colored stems or leaves.
Even succulents that are overwintered in closed rooms must not be exposed to full sunlight in the open air at the beginning of the warm season. The harsh UV radiation can burn the leaves of the succulent plant. Such a burn can then be recognized by brown, irregular spots on the leaves.
In order to get the succulents used to sunlight, put them in a partially shaded place for 1 to 2 weeks. Some scattered sunlight in the morning or afternoon is sufficient during this time. After the acclimatization phase, the plant can be moved to its final, sunnier location.
All succulents must be put back inside the apartment before the cold season begins.
Location in the rain
Some succulent plants have delicate shoots with small, softly hairy or frosted leaves on which splashes of water leave ugly marks. These plants should not be left out in the rain and be careful not to pour water over the leaves when watering. It is best to protect the more sensitive succulents from rain with a plexiglass pane or foil, if necessary. Some species of the Pachyphytum and Echeveria belong to the sensitive succulents.
All other succulent plants are happy about a summer rain shower, only in the case of continuous rain for several days these plants should also be put in a protected place in good time. Otherwise the substrate can become too wet over a longer period of time and there is a risk of rot on the roots or the plant base.
Temperatures for succulents
The warmth in our living rooms, even in very sunny windows, is generally very beneficial for succulents. This is true for most succulents even in winter.
However, there are also some succulent plants that need a cooler place in winter. The temperature requirements of the individual succulents can be found in our description of the individual plants.
Before the days and nights get really cool in autumn, the succulents are put back in their place in the apartment.
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