Bite hamster with red eyes

Typical diseases in hamsters

No matter what illness your hamster suffers from, be sure to go to a veterinarian for advice. If your hamster has contracted an illness, then most of all it needs rest. It is therefore essential to avoid stress factors such as:

  • loud music
  • Temperature fluctuations
  • tear from sleep

In order to promote a quick recovery of your sick hamster, you should also heed the following tips:

  • Constant room temperature: The room in which the cage or terrarium of the sick hamster is located should have a constant room temperature.
  • Red light lamp: Line them up on a corner of the hamster home. So the sick hamster can withdraw if it gets too hot.

Prevent and treat hamster diseases

By avoiding bad posture you can prevent some hamster diseases. A healthy diet, species-appropriate occupation and a species-appropriate enclosure are essential.

During the daily health check, also check whether your hamster is sick or healthy. If you notice any abnormalities, it is essential to take your hamster to the vet!

Typical diseases in hamsters

In the following we introduce you Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of the following hamster diseases:

  1. Eye diseases
  2. Jaw obstruction / injury
  3. Bite wounds
  4. diabetes
  5. diarrhea
  6. cold
  7. Inflammation of the joints
  8. Heat shock
  9. Broken bone
  10. lice
  11. Meningitis
  12. Mites
  13. Wet tail disease
  14. Fungal attack
  15. salmonellosis
  16. tumor

1. Hamster eye disease

There are two different eye diseases in hamsters: Conjunctivitis and keratoconjunctivitis. Both eye diseases have different causes, show different symptoms, and require different treatments.

  • Conjunctivitis is created by a bacterial infection or abscesses in the upper jaw, caused either by tooth decay or a tooth root inflammation. Other causes can be bite wounds and dust or dirt particles. There is swelling of the eyelids or even half of the face. The conjunctivitis is treated with eye drops or ointments.
  • Keratoconjunctivitis is more common than conjunctivitis. Since damage to the cornea is often proven, the harmful effects of dust and dirt in the litter are very likely here. Usually only one eye is affected. The hamster secretes a lot at first a lot of tear fluid from, after that the eye dries out. The eyelid can stick together, protrude or even collapse. The veterinarian decides whether a surgical procedure is necessary or not.

2. Blockage / injury of the cheek pouches in hamsters

To Clogging and sticking of the cheek pockets in hamsters it happens when chocolate, gummy bears and other desserts are fed. The hamster then has to go to a vet as quickly as possible, who will clear out the cheek pouches again.

To Cheek pouch injury it can happen with the hamster if he has put something pointed or sharp in his cheek pouches. Here, too, he has to go to a vet who will turn the cheek pouches inside out to properly treat the wounds. If left untreated, inflammation of the cheek pouches can result in both cases.

In general, you should not feed the hamster anything sweet, salty or spicy. There are also other foods that your hamster must not eat.

3. Bite wounds in hamsters

Bite wounds occur in hamsters especially when composed of unknown hamsters become. For example, if a female is not ready to mate and a male is placed in her territory, it tries to drive the "intruder" away with bites. The injuries are often located in the head, flank or anus region. Be sure to take the hamster to the vet. This can take care of the bite wounds.

4. Diabetes in hamsters

This hamster disease is not quite as obvious as some of the other diseases described here. Evidence that the Hamster got diabetes is can be:

  • increased body weight
  • clouded eyes
  • increased urination

The cause of diabetes is mostly thatimproper nutrition of the hamster. Too much sugar and fat in the hamster's diet can result in diabetes. However, only the veterinarian can make the diagnosis. Please note our tips on the right diet for hamsters.

5. Diarrhea in hamsters

diarrhea is most common in hamsters and can indicate many different diseases. Possible causes are:

  • wrong diet
  • a bacterial infection
  • poisoning

Since only the veterinarian can determine which disease the hamster is suffering from and how severe it is, you should have the hamster examined immediately.

As long as the hamster has diarrhea, you should not give it any more fresh food. Just give him hay and water.

6. Cold in hamsters

The hamster has probably caught a cold if it shows the following symptoms:

  • He sneezes
  • has a cold,
  • loses weight,
  • his eyes water
  • whistling noises can be heard when breathing.

Causes of the Common Cold with hamsters can be:

  • Drafts
  • poor hygiene
  • stress
  • and strong temperature fluctuations in the room.

A cold should not to be underestimated. If you notice a cold in your hamster, you should definitely see a vet. What at first seems harmless can eventually develop into pneumonia.

7. Joint inflammation in hamsters

Joint inflammation in hamsters as well as other musculoskeletal disorders can be caused by a Vitamin E deficiency be evoked. To prevent this, you can offer your hamster food that is rich in vitamin E, for example:

  • Wheat and oat germs
  • Cottage cheese and yogurt
  • fresh vegetables

8. Hamster heat shock

Does it come to the hamster Heat shock, the metabolism of the little rodent breaks down. The hamster becomes apathetic and its breathing is very accelerated. In this case, move the hamster to a cool place and cover the cage with a wet cloth.

To prevent heat shock in hamsters, you should make sure that the Room temperature of the room, in which you have placed the hamster home, never exceeds 25 degrees. Because unlike in the wild, where the hamster returns to its burrow immediately if it gets too hot, it has no way of escaping the heat in a cage or terrarium. Hamsters also have no sweat glands that they can use to regulate body temperature.

9. Broken bones in hamsters

Broken bones and other injuries the hamster usually sustains while running free. So make sure that theFreewheel safe designed and is free from sources of danger. If your hamster has broken a bone and may no longer be able to walk, you must take him to the vet immediately. After an X-ray, the doctor will determine how badly the hamster has been injured and whether the broken bone can heal.

10. Lice in hamsters

If your hamster has lice, you can recognize with the naked eye. Lice leave eggs in the hamster's fur that look like small scales. Lice cause severe itching in hamsters and can also be transmitted to humans and other pets.

So go to a veterinarian as soon as possible. This will give you the appropriate means to free your rodent from the annoying creatures. The treatment is very long-term. Therefore, prevent vermin-repellent litter such as hemp litter. Find out what to look out for when it comes to litter and hay.

11. Meningitis in hamsters: lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM)

Meningitis, also known as lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM), is a virus that often occurs between the third and sixth months of the hamster's life. The excretion and Transmission of the LCM pathogen take place over

and is only possible up to the third month. Older animals are not affected by the disease. Meningitis symptoms are hardly or not at all recognizable in hamsters. In individual cases:

  • Developmental disorders
  • Stretching cramps
  • Paralysis
  • Conjunctivitis

The veterinarian can diagnose the disease using a Blood tests diagnose. After three weeks of treatment, the sick hamster usually got over the meningitis.

The disease is very rare in hamsters, but it is transferable to humans. Pregnant women should refrain from buying a hamster, as the virus can also be transmitted to the fetus if the mother-to-be has infected herself. This can lead to deformities and miscarriages.

A person becomes infected with this virus, the symptoms are similar to those of the flu:

  • fever
  • a headache
  • Joint and muscle pain

However, it is also one severe form possible, which can lead to meningitis or meningocephalitis (inflammation of the brain and meninges). To prevent infection, the hamster should come from an LCM-free breed.

12. Mites in hamsters

The hamster is probably infected with mange mites if it:

  • scratches himself very often
  • is irritable

While the sarcoptic mange spreads over the whole body, the notoedre mange is only restricted to certain parts of the body. In females, these are usually the Ears. Males are usually worse affected. With them, the mites spread over the nose, cheeks, tail, external genitals and extremities.

A hamster infected with mange mites must be treated by a veterinarian, otherwise the disease will lead to death.

13. Wet tail disease in hamsters

Wet tail disease only affects young hamsters under eight weeks old. Symptoms for wet tail disease, also called "Wet Tail Disease" and "Colibacillosis" are:

  • Wet spots in the tail area
  • fever
  • Flatulence
  • diarrhea

The following influences can burden the young hamster and lead to a pathological one Multiplication of the E. coli germs to lead:

  • stress
  • separation from mother too early
  • sudden change of feed
  • other influences stressing the intestines

Because the disease leads to death within just a few days, you have to see the vet with your sick hamster as soon as possible. If the disease has not progressed too far, the small rodent can recover from the colibacillosis.

14. Fungal attack in hamsters

Fungal infestation in hamsters usually indicates a weak immune system in the animal. Because fungal spores can be found almost everywhere without a healthy hamster getting sick. The hamster shows the following symptoms in the case of fungal attack:

  • constant scratching
  • Crusts on the skin
  • Hair loss
  • bald spots
  • reddened skin
  • Blisters on the skin

Once the fungus has broken out it is difficult for the hamster to get rid of it. Even if the fungus can no longer be seen externally, it is usually still present undetected. How and for how long the fungus needs to be treated can only be determined by the veterinarian.

15. Salmonellosis in hamsters

The course of salmonellosis in hamsters is usually very rapid and, if left untreated, leads to sudden death. The sick hamster shows the following Symptoms of the mild form of salmonellosis:

  • He seems apathetic
  • suffers from loss of appetite and diarrhea,
  • becomes emaciated,
  • and its fur becomes shaggy.

In any case, the little rodent has to go to the vet immediately, because salmonellosis can also be transmitted to humans. A hamster can become infected above

  • fouled feed
  • or raw foods such as eggs or meat.

The course is usually very quick and, if left untreated, leads to sudden death.

16. Hamster tumor

To identify a tumor in your hamster early on, feel the hamster regularly for hard spots or bumps under the skin. Tumors have nothing to do with poor posture. Any hamster can develop tissue growth. Another symptom of a tumor can be too Blood in the urine be. Let the veterinarian advise you whether a surgical procedure makes sense.