Hardwood is real wood
Types of wood for furniture construction
Maple species grow in the northern, temperate zones. The tree heights vary between 15 and 30 m, the trunk diameter is between 60 and 100 cm. The medium-hard wood is usually light-colored, very homogeneous and straight-grained. Maples dry well, but slowly. They can be processed excellently with all tools and are very dimensionally stable in use. Maple is one of the most valuable indigenous precious woods.
Birch is a relatively heavy wood with a weight that roughly corresponds to that of oak. In terms of toughness, birch can be compared to ash. The birch is finely structured, almost white and comes mainly from northern European countries for European furniture processing. In addition to being used for furniture construction, birch is processed into construction plywood, floors and turned objects.
The beech is a very common and popular deciduous tree in Central, Western and Southern Europe. It grows slowly and can get very old. Their maximum age is between 250 and 300 years. The wood of the beech is slightly reddish, whereby the red color is intensified by the steaming of the wood. The wood is very hard, pressure-resistant, heavy and has a texture with hardly visible pores. With around 250 known areas of use, the beech is the most versatile type of wood among the domestic woods.
Core beech, red core beech
The beech is a tree with a mostly light core, occasionally with an irregular color core. The color deviations of the beech heartwood create an exceptionally beautiful wood image. Certain chemical processes in nature can trigger core discoloration in living trees, which later appear to the viewer as a fascinating interplay between light and deep red to brown shades.
The oak - the "German" tree - has been the classic furniture wood for centuries. The tree grows slowly and almost everywhere in the temperate zones of the earth. It can be over 30 m high and has a memorable shape when standing alone. The wood of the oak is medium-hard, ring-pored and strongly structured. The color of the sapwood is light to reddish gray, whereas the heartwood is grayish brown to light reddish brown. It has excellent strength and high wear resistance.
For furniture made from wild oak, woods with knots are deliberately used, which underline the natural character of classic and traditional furniture in a particularly beautiful way. But the contrast between the straight, modern furniture look and expressive wooden surfaces is also becoming increasingly popular.
Most of the wood used for alder furniture today comes from the west coast of North America and bears the trade name Red Alder. The light to red-brown, fine-pored and not very hard wood with a subtle grain can be dried quickly and then worked with excellently. The European alder mostly grows near water in Northern Europe. This type of alder rarely reaches a larger trunk thickness and the wood is more vividly structured in the color image with thin color inlets.
Ash trees are found in North America, Europe and the Middle East. Heights of 30 m and diameters of 40 cm to 100 cm are not uncommon. The sapwood is wide and looks yellowish to reddish white, the core, on the other hand, is shiny, light brown. The hard wood has a high resistance to wear, the surface treatment is problem-free, it is easy to polish and stain.
Core ash, structural ash
The light brown core of ash wood is less pronounced than, for example, core beech or core walnut. The typical “core effect” can be expressively enhanced through individual “production” when the surface is refined with oils, waxes or lacquers.
Cherry wood is of medium weight and quite hard, it has good strength and elasticity properties. The wood is easy to work with and is easy to bend when dampened. Highly polished, the fine-pored surface of the cherry wood has a fascinating aura.
The walnut provides one of the most valuable woods in this country. As a medium to heavy wood with good strength, walnut is extremely resistant to bending. Walnut wood is excellent to work with, it is easy to profile, turn and carve. The surface treatment is easy.
Core, satin walnut
As with beech heartwood and structural ash, chemical and physical changes are the cause of an expressive play of colors in the heartwood. Careful sorting of the wooden lamellas, which are processed into glued wood panels, can further enhance the effect of the play of colors.
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