What do academic journals look like

Publishers of magazines

The production costs for open access journals are significantly lower than in the case of print journals (and also electronic paid journals) because open access journals are usually only accessible online, costs for handling subscriptions and identifying authorized ones and unauthorized users, reminders, etc. are no longer applicable, and because open source software is now available for operating electronic magazines.

Nevertheless, there are of course costs: The fact that articles in open access journals are freely accessible to all interested parties does not mean that their production is free of charge. With the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI), various proposals were made to cover costs in the case of Open Access journals, in particular "(mixed) financing (...), for example by private and state foundations and funding institutions, by universities and other institutions that employ researchers, through foundation and funding funds that are linked to disciplines, through donations from individuals or institutions, (...), through income from advertising add-ons on the texts, through funds that are released by unsubscribing from overpriced journals that are unwilling to grant free access, or through financial contributions that the scientists are willing to pay themselves "(source: German translation of the BOAI declaration). In particular, if the open access journal does not want to pass any costs on to the authors, the question arises of forms of institutional funding, income from additional services, the establishment of a support structure, etc.

As part of its "Infrastructure for Electronic Publications and Digital Science Communication" program, the German Research Foundation (DFG) supports the development of Open Access journals (and other places of publication).