How do planes descend

What happens when the plane takes off?

For most passengers it is nothing special, but for many every flight take off means another stressful situation. The aircraft moves over the tarmac at enormous speed and finally takes off. The passenger is pressed into the seat. Here you can find out what happens when an aircraft takes off.

No start without extensive control

Before an aircraft begins its next journey, it must first undergo important checks. With this one "Pre-flight check" specialists check the technical condition of the aircraft and the infrastructure. After all, in most cases it happens that a machine has to be made ready for the next flight immediately after landing. The most important points of control include:

  • Condition of tires
  • tank
  • engine
  • Connections for wings and other parts

The mandatory part is the start check, which checks whether all passengers are buckled up and the doors are tightly locked. It is then checked that all instruments are working. Of course, this also includes radio.
While the pilot is carrying out the final checks, he receives the latest information on the weather conditions on his route from the aviation weather service. If the conditions are poor, the air traffic control units will arrange alternative routes.

The start - the machine takes off

With a Speed ​​of up to 345 km / h the aircraft now rolls over the runway and lifts up slightly at the front. Up to a certain point there is a possibility that the pilot can stay on the ground. However, if the machine exceeds the phase up to rotation, the aircraft has to take off. The aircraft receives lift from the wings, which are raised to an angle of attack. Starting from the bow, the aircraft now goes into the air and the passenger notices the gravitational force here, which is pushing him into the seat. Shortly after take-off, the pilot retracts the landing gear. After a 20-minute climb, the machine now goes into cruise and glides carefree to its destination.

Ready to land

Plane lands | Photo: Jag_cz

Depending on the type of flight, the aircraft leaves its cruising altitude around 20 to 30 minutes before landing and begins to descend.

Do you want to know what is happening in these minutes? In the next article you will learn more about the landing approach.

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