How to increase your height during puberty

ArchivDeutsches Ärzteblatt40 / 2009Size Development and Puberty in German Children - Is There Still a Positive Secular Trend? Milk consumption - a major factor in size development
An increase in height and the rate of physical development has been observed since the mid-19th century. The authors discuss the socio-economic status, the genetic factors of the somatotropic axis, growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) as well as diet and epigenetic influences as the cause of this “secular trend”. They come to the conclusion that factors of early childhood nutrition and epigenetic regulation of specific target genes explain the secular trend. Unfortunately, the review does not take into account that cow's milk consumption makes a significant contribution to linear growth. Numerous studies show that linear height growth correlates significantly with milk consumption (1). Milk consumption has an insulinotropic effect and, in contrast to meat, increases the serum levels of insulin and IGF-1 in children and increases insulin resistance. Increased consumption of cow's milk during pregnancy is associated with an increase in birth weight and height and is therefore a risk factor for fetal macrosomia. Infants fed cow's milk protein have increased postprandial insulin levels and serum IGF-1 levels compared to breastfed babies. Cow's milk consumption shifts the somtatotropic axis into unphysiologically excessive areas (2). Since insulin and IGF-1 significantly modify the promoter function of numerous genes, this explains the suspected epigenetic changes that accelerate linear growth. The shift in the WH-IGF-1 axis and its possible early programming errors due to increased peri- and postpartum cow's milk consumption are suspected, the disposition to diseases with increased insulin resistance and increased IGF-1 levels such as acne, obesity, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome , increase in cardiovascular disease and cancer (3). From a preventive medical point of view, the secular trend is of the greatest importance. The milk-induced shift of the somatotropic axis with the induction of partial insulin resistance and the resulting long-term health consequences require thorough examination (2, 3).
DOI: 10.3238 / arztebl.2009.0656a


Prof. Dr. med. Bodo Melnik
University of Osnabrück, Sedanstrasse 115, 49090 Osnabrück
Email: [email protected]
Hoppe C, Molgaard C, Michaelsen KF: Cow's milk and linear growth in industrialized and developing countries. Ann Rev Nutr 2006; 26: 131-73. MEDLINE
Melnik BC: Milk — the promoter of chronic Western diseases. Med Hypotheses 2009; 72: 631-9. MEDLINE
Melnik BC: Permanent impairment of insulin resistance from pregnancy to adulthood: the primary basic risk factor of chronic Western diseases. Medical Hypotheses 2009; [pic] doi: 10.1016 / j.mehy.2009.04.047 MEDLINE
Gohlke B, Wölfle J: Growth and puberty in German children: Is there still a positive secular trend? [Height Development and Puberty in German Children - Is There Still a Positive Secular Trend?] Dtsch Arztebl Int 2009; 106 (23): 377-82. FULL TEXT
1.Hoppe C, Molgaard C, Michaelsen KF: Cow's milk and linear growth in industrialized and developing countries. Ann Rev Nutr 2006; 26: 131-73. MEDLINE
2.Melnik BC: Milk — the promoter of chronic Western diseases. Med Hypotheses 2009; 72: 631-9. MEDLINE
3.Melnik BC: Permanent impairment of insulin resistance from pregnancy to adulthood: the primary basic risk factor of chronic Western diseases. Medical Hypotheses 2009; [pic] doi: 10.1016 / j.mehy.2009.04.047 MEDLINE
4.Gohlke B, Wölfle J: Growth and puberty in German children: Is there still a positive secular trend? [Height Development and Puberty in German Children - Is There Still a Positive Secular Trend?] Dtsch Arztebl Int 2009; 106 (23): 377-82. FULL TEXT
Height development and puberty in German children - is there still a positive secular trend? Milk consumption - a major factor in size development