What do deists think of science?
Deism (from Latin Deus, God) is the name of the doctrine about a God who created the world, but then leads an existence separate from the world and, in contrast to theism, no longer intervenes in world events.
This rational philosophy of religion had its heyday in the Enlightenment, in the 17th and 18th centuries (especially in England and France). The representatives of this religious and philosophical worldview (e.g. Herbert, John Toland, Charles Blount, Voltaire, Maximilian Robespierre and Jean Jacques Roussaeu), whose basis is the sensualism of John Locke combined with the worldview of Isaac Newton, endeavored religion and autonomy of the Reason to agree.
The idea of God is abstracted and freed from anthropomorphic ideas, so that an impersonal (spatially and temporally distant) original principle (God = world architect, "original maker") results. This God, who created the world like a great machine in its harmony and finality, now has no influence on history either by miracle or by revelation.
The representatives of the so-called "religion of reason" turned against the supernatural or irrational elements in the Jewish and Christian tradition.
They exercised rationalistic criticism of the Church and the miracle stories of the Bible, of fanaticism and intolerance.
The Deists are also referred to as free thinkers (because they dare to think freely against the authority of the church) or naturalists.
David Humes ended English deism (1757) in which religion was separated from science and is only possible as belief. Deism also forms the basis for Freemasonry.
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