What is the function of the thalamus
Illustration from: Deetjen / Speckmann, Physiologie, 3rd ed.
Entrance: Formatio reticularis, hypothalamus - Exit: Cortex cerebri including cingulate gyrus, amygdala - Function: regulates excitability of the forebrain
Mediodorsal nucleus (DM)
Entrance: Basal ganglia, amygdala, hypothalamus, olfactory brain - Exit: Prefrontal cortex, cingulate gyrus, basal nerve - Function: Emotions, cognitive learning, memory
Entrance: Basal ganglia - Exit: Supplementary motor cortex, cingulate gyrus - Function: Movement planning
N. ventralis lateralis (VL )
Entrance: Cerebellum - Exit: Pre- and primary motor cortex - Function: Movement planning and control
Posterior ventral nerve (VP - L = lateralis, M = medialis)
Entrance: Spinal cord, brain stem - Exit: Parietal Cortex - Function: Touch, leg position
N. lateralis dorsalis*
Entrance: Hippocampus - Exit: Cingulate gyrus, parietal cortex - Function:?
Posterior lateral nerve* (LP)
Entrance: Upper quadrangular, pretectum, occipital lobe - Exit: Posterior parietal cortex - Function: Sensory integration
Entrance: Upper quadrangular, pretectum, occipital lobe - Exit: Parieto-temporo-occipital association cortex, cingulate gyrus
Function: Sensory integration - eye movement control - language control
Corp. geniculatum laterale
Entrance: Retina - Exit: Primary visual cortex - Function: See
Corp. geniculatum mediale
Entrance: Lower Four Hills - Exit: Primary auditory cortex - Function: Listen
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