Why did Arjuna kidnap Subhadra

Harana Harana Parva - family formation

Chapter 223 - End of Exile and Return to Indraprastha

Krishna convinces the princes

After the heroes of the Vrishnis gave their opinion in this way, Krishna spoke the following words of deep meaning and true morality.

Krishna said:
Arjuna did not offend our family with his act. In fact, it has increased our fame. Arjuna knows that we satwatas cannot be bought or that we are hungry for wealth and that the choice of spouse is uncertain. And who would praise the adoption of a bride when she is given to them like a pet? Again, what man on earth would sell his children? I think Arjuna saw the flaws of all other types of weddings and, according to tradition, robbed the girl. And this connection is most appropriate. Subhadra is a glorious girl, just as glorious is Arjuna. He must have taken this into account when he kidnapped the girl. And who would not desire Arjuna as a friend who was born in the line of the famous Bharata, Shantanu, and as the son of the daughter of Kuntibhoja? In the world of the Rudras and that of Indra I see no being that Arjuna could defeat by force in battle, except perhaps the three-eyed god Mahadeva himself. His chariot is well known and my horses are harnessed to him. You know Arjuna as a warrior and the lightness of his hand. Who is his equal? And this is my advice: go to Arjuna with joy, appease him and bring him back. If Arjuna defeats us and then returns to his city, our fame will be destroyed. But there is no shame in reconciliation.

They heard his words and did what he said. Moved by them to repent, Arjuna drove back to Dwaraka and was married to Subhadra. Honored by the sons of the Vrishnis, he spent a whole year in the city and enjoyed himself there as he pleased. Then he spent the last years of his exile in the sacred region of Pushkara.

Return to Indraprastha

After the twelve years were over, Arjuna returned to Khandavaprastha, first standing before the king and then honoring the brahmins. Then he went to Draupadi, who received him jealously: “What are you doing here, son of Kunti? Go where Subhadra is. A second knot always unties the first one around a bundle, however tight it may have been. ”In this way, Draupadi kept complaining. But Arjuna calmed her down and respectfully asked her forgiveness. Then he went to Subhadra, who was dressed in red silk, and sent her in the simple garb of a shepherdess to the inner chambers to the women of the palace. Subhadra looked even prettier in this simple dress. First Subhadra honored Kunti with her large and slightly reddened eyes. She fell in love with it at once, sniffed the head of the maiden with the flawless limbs, and showered her with many blessings. Then the girl with the face like the full moon hurried to Draupadi and honored her with the words: "I am your servant." Then Draupadi rose, lovingly embraced Krishna's sister and said: "May your husband be without enemies." And Subhadra agreed with a happy heart: “So be it.” With that, the great warriors, the Pandavas, continued to live happily with their mother.

The wedding favors of the Yadavas

Vaisampayana continued:
As the great conqueror of all enemies, Kesava (Krishna) with the pure soul and the eyes like lotus blossoms, learned that Arjuna was back home in Indraprastha, there he traveled there with his brother Balarama and many excellent warriors accompanied him. Sauri came with a large army that was protecting Krishna. With Sauri came the generous, clever and glorious Akrura, the commander in chief of the brave Vrishni army. The mighty Anadhrishti, the wise and glorious Uddhava with the great soul and a disciple of Vrihaspati himself came. Also came Satyaka, Satyaki, Kritavarman, Satwata, Pradyumna, Nishatha, Shankara, Charudeshna, the noble Jhilli, Viprithu, Sarana and Gada the mighty poor and the first among learned men. All of them and many more heroes of the Bhojas, Vrishnis and Andhakas came to Indraprastha and brought many wedding gifts. When King Yudhishthira learned that Madhava (Krishna) when he arrived, he sent the twins to meet him and take him to the beautifully decorated city. The streets were swept clean, watered, and decorated with wreaths of flowers and branches. Everything had been sprinkled with sandal water, which smelled pleasantly and cooled. Sweet-smelling aloe was burning everywhere. The city was full of friendly and healthy people and adorned itself with many traders. The citizens and Brahmins of the city greeted and honored Kesava, his brother Balarama and all the other heroes by the thousands. Finally Krishna entered the king's palace, which was like the dwelling place of Indra. Yudhishthira received his guests with the appropriate rites, first balarama, then he sniffed Krishna's head and hugged him warmly. Highly satisfied with the reception, Krishna humbly greeted the king and his brothers. Then Yudhishthira received all of Krishna's followers. Some he honored as superior, some as equals, others he received on friendly terms, and he was always greeted again with respect. Then Hrishikesha surrendered (Krishna) the groom's family received many precious riches, and Subhadra received the wedding gifts from her relatives. Then a thousand golden chariots changed sides, with tinkling bells and four well-trained horses, a thousand cows from the country of Mathura with plenty of milk and beautiful color, a thousand mares with golden harness and moon-white fur, and a thousand mules, as fast as the wind and well trained, with white fur and black manes. Krishna also presented a thousand experienced servants who helped with bathing, hairdressing and serving, tender virgins, beautifully dressed, with radiant skin and a lot of gold jewelry.

Subhadra received ten truckloads of the purest gold from Krishna with the sheen of the fire as a dowry. Balarama with the plow gave Arjuna a thousand spirited elephants, each as big as a mountain, indomitable in battle, and furnished with ringing bells, blankets, golden ornaments and exquisite thrones. This great sea wave of wealth and jewels, which the Yadavas presented, with all the clothes and blankets as sea foam, the elephants as alligators and sharks and the banners as floating plants, mingled with the ocean of the Pandavas and filled it to the chagrin of all enemies Edge.

Yudhishthira accepted all gifts and honored all great warriors who were his guests. So the heroes of both sexes spent their days happily and happily like virtuous people in the heavenly regions. They enjoyed themselves with happy hearts, sang, clapped their hands, celebrated and cheered loudly. So many festive days passed in amusement and fun until the heroes of the Vrishnis returned to Dwaraka, honored by the Kurus. They traveled home with Balarama at their head, taking with them many sparkling gems which the Kurus had given them. The high-souled Krishna, however, stayed with Arjuna in the delightful city of Indraprastha. The glorious roamed the banks of the Yamuna with Arjuna, hunting deer and wild boar.

The sons of the Pandavas are born

After a while, Subhadra, Krishna's beloved sister, gave birth to a glorious son, like Puloma's daughter (Sachi) Jayanta (Indra's son) gave birth. This son of Subhadra had long arms, a broad chest and large eyes like a bull. The hero and subjugator was called Abhimanyu, for the son of Arjuna was fearless and fiery. The great warrior was conceived by Arjuna and born by the daughter of the Satwatas, like a sacrificial fire made of Sami wood is kindled by friction. After the birth of this son, Yudhishthira gave the Brahmins thousands of cows and as many golden coins. From the beginning, this child became the darling of Krishna Vasudeva and his family, as the moon is dear to all people. Krishna performed all the usual rites for the birth of the child. And Abhimanyu grew up like the moon in the bright half of the month. The Vedas soon became acquainted with this enemy subjugator and received from his father the knowledge of both heavenly and human weapons. Abhimanyu had great strength and learned the art of defense against weapons, the lightness of the hand and the quickness of movement in all directions. Like his father, he knew the scriptures and rites of religion. When Arjuna looked at his son, his chest filled with joy. Abhimanyu had the power to vanquish every enemy and he wore all auspicious symbols on his body. In battle he was invincible. His face was as broad as a snake's hood, and he was as proud as a lion. He wore a great bow, and his strength was that of a fiery elephant. His face was as beautiful as the full moon, his voice as deep as a kettledrum, and he was like Krishna in bravery and energy, beauty and symmetry.

The happy Draupadi also had five sons from her five husbands, all of whom were first-class heroes and immovable in battle like mountains. Prativindhya was born to Yudhishthira, Sutasoma to Bhima, Srutakarma to Arjuna, Satanika to Nakula and Srutasena to Sahadeva - these were the five heroes Draupadi gave birth to like Aditi the Adityas. With their clairvoyance, the Brahmins explained to the Yudhishthira that his son could endure the weapons of the enemy like the Vindhya Mountain, and so he was called Prativindhya. Since Bhima's son was born after Bhima completed a thousand Soma sacrifices, he was called Sutasoma. Because Arjuna's son was born after he returned from exile and did many excellent things there, he was called Srutakarma. Nakula named his son after a glorious royal sage of the Kuru dynasty. And because Sahadeva's son under the star constellation Vahnidaivata (Kirtika) was born, he was named after the captain of the heavenly forces Srutasena (Kartikeya). Draupadi's sons were born one year apart. They all became famous and were very fond of one another. With them Dhaumya, the priest of the Pandavas, performed all the necessary rites for childbirth and childhood, such as Chudakarana and Upanayana (Shearing of the hair down to a curl and the award of the sacred cord). They all had excellent manners, vows, and knowledge of the Vedas. And Arjuna also taught them the knowledge of heavenly and human weapons. All the Pandavas were very happy to have their sons, who with their broad breasts were like heavenly children and who became great warriors.

Here, with the 223rd chapter, the Harana Harana Parva of Adi Parva ends in the blessed Mahabharata.