Treasury bills are haram

Halal and Haram (excerpt)

HalalandHaram

Allow it and Forbidden in Islam


HalalandHaram

Allow it and Forbidden in Islam

From the original by:

Hasip Asutay


HalalandHaram

Allow it and Forbidden in Islam

[email protected]

ISBN: 978-3-95707-005-0

Author: Hasip Asutay

Translated from the original

(Helal ve Haram)

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First edition 2013

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content

Foreword by the author ............................................... .................... 13

Translation team comments: ................................... 14

Definition of important terms ............................................... ..... 14

Sizeandadditional considerations on halal and haram .................. 17

The slaughter and the consumption of animals

Land animals ................................................. .................................. 22

Land animals whose meat may be consumed ........................ 22

Land animals whose meat may not be consumed ................ 23

Horse meat ................................................. ............................. 24

leather and Fell from dead or not after

animals slaughtered according to Islamic rules ....................... 24

Leather by Handand Pig................................................. ..25

Sea animals................................................. ............................... 25

The slaughter of animals .............................................. ........... 26

The conditions of the shaft ............................................. 26

Animal fetuses: unborn life in the womb of one

slaughtered dam ................................................ ...... 28

Parts of the slaughtered animal that are not eaten

may be ................................................ ........................... 28

The hunt................................................ .................................... 29

The branding of animals .............................................. ..... 30

Intoxicants

Alcoholic drinks................................................ .............. 31

From shopping in stores that sell alcohol .......... 32

"Eau de Cologne",

alcoholic fragrances and Cosmetics ................................. 33

Drugs ................................................. ...................................... 34

Smoking cigarettes .............................................. ....... 34

5


Emergency situations

Famine................................................. ............................... 36

Medical emergency situations ................................................ .... 37

luxury

From wearing gold rings .............................................. ....... 38

Wearing a ring .............................................. ............. 38

Vessels made of gold and Silver................................................. ..... 39

Silk clothing ................................................ ...................... 40

Sports and game

Gambling ................................................. ............................... 41

Betting ................................................. ...................................... 42

Animal fights ................................................. ............................... 42

Award for a competition .......................................... 43

Backgammon................................................. ........................... 43

Chess................................................. ...................................... 44

Boxing ................................................. ....................................... 44

Ball games ................................................. .................................. 44

Portraits

Toy................................................. .................................. 45

Statues ................................................. ..................................... 45

Images................................................. ....................................... 46

Photos................................................. ......................................... 46

personal hygiene

Getting ready for the spouse ................................... 47

Tattoos ................................................. ......................... 47

6


From plucking the eyebrows .............................................. .... 48

About filing the teeth .............................................. ............ 48

Cosmetic Surgery ................................................. ............. 49

Wearing wigs, hair pieces and

Hair extensions ................................................. ................ 49

Piercing ears .............................................. ...... 50

The piercing of ears by a man

who is not a woman's mahram ............................................ ........ 50

Dyeing the hair and of the beard ....................................... 50

The blackening of beard and Hair ................................. 51

Grow your beard ............................................. ...... 52

Dyeing the hands with henna ............................................ .52

Cutting a woman's hair ......................................... 52

Shaving in a state of great ritual impurity .................... 53

The use of toilet paper ............................................ 53

The genital area / pubic area (awreh)

Definition of awreh ............................................... ................. 54

Types of awreh ............................................... ......................... 54

When is the female voice Awreh and when not? .......... 55

Covering the awreh .............................................. ........... 56

Islamic dress code for women ......................... 57

Wigs as a headscarf replacement ............................................... ...... 58

Photographing a woman without a headscarf .......................... 58

Examination by a doctor ................................................ ....... 58

fertility and prevention

Coitus interruptus (Azl) ............................................. ................ 60

IUD contraception ............................................... ................ 61

Abortion................................................. ............................... 61

Artificial insemination (in vitro fertilization) ....................... 61

Vasectomy, sterilization and Castration ................................. 62

7


Clamping the fallopian tube ............................................... ........... 62

From the planting of one wife's eggs into her

Womb of another wife of the same man ........... 62

Artificial insemination of farm animals ...................................... 62

Fornication

Sexual relationships between men ................................ 64

Lesbian relationships ................................................ ............. 64

Sodomy: sexual intercourse with animals ................................. 64

Anal intercourse ................................................. ............................. 64

Masturbation (Istimna ') ............................................. ...... 65

About being alone with one person of the other

Sex in a room (Khalweh) .................................... 65

The handshake with people of the opposite sex .......... 66

From the trip of an unaccompanied woman ............................... 66

From the employment of a secretary ................................... 67

Life and death

murder and Homicide................................................. ................. 68

Suicide................................................. ............................... 68

Hunger strike ................................................. ............................. 69

To wish for death .............................................. ............... 69

Suicide because of excruciating pain ........................... 69

Kidney donation from a living person ........................................ 70

Switching off life support devices ................................ 70

Caesarean section for a deceased ........................................ 70

Washing of a man to the dead by his wife ................. 70

Of the burial of a dead in one already

existing grave ................................................ ..................... 71

8


possession and Acquisition

Waste ................................................. ....................... 72

Rewards for collected vouchers ........................................ 72

Advertising for prohibited things .............................................. ..... 73

Offensive publications ................................................ ........... 73

Bribery................................................. ............................... 74

Theft................................................. .................................. 74

Hire a lawyer .............................................. 74

Unjustified sickness reports .......................................... 75

Receipts ................................................. ............................... 75

Travel expenses reimbursement ................................................. ....... 75

Acquisition of stolen goods ............................................... ................ 75

Things wrongly acquired .............................................. ...... 76

F.andstuff ................................................. ............................. 77

The rental of business premises .................................... 78

The guarantee against payment .............................................. 78

From giving alms to a woman from the

Her husband's possession ............................................... ................... 79

The sale of obsolete foundation inventory ................................ 79

The withdrawal of money or material from the

Owning one's own children .............................................. ......... 79

Accepting invitations from people,

whose assets come from businesses that are subject to Islamic law

Prohibited transactions are ............................................... ....... 80

family and household

Adoption................................................. .................................. 81

From sleeping two people into one and same bed ...... 81

From separating the children's beds .............................................. ... 81

Handmaintenance ................................................. ........................... 82

Birds and Fish as pets ............................................... ..82

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magic and Superstition

Sorcery................................................. ................................... 83

Fortune telling ................................................. .............................. 83

Belief in bad luck charms .............................................. 84

Reincarnation................................................. ........................... 84

Unauthorized innovations (Bid'ah) ........................................... ... 84

Social

Resentful towards others ....................................... 85

Mocking others ............................................... .............. 86

Suspicion................................................. .................................. 87

Spying on fellow human beings .......................................... 87

Defamation (Ghibeh) ............................................. .............. 88

Circumstances Under Which Ghibeh Is Allowed ................................ 89

Defamation (Nemimeh) .............................................. ............ 89

The supplication for a non-Muslim ....................................... 90

Special days of women

Halaland haram during menstruation ........................... 91

Actions taken during the time of the

Childbed are prohibited ............................................... ...... 97

marriage

Women whose hand a man cannot ask for .............. 99

Looking at the potential spouse

before marriage ............................................... ............ 100

Engagement................................................. ............................... 100

Dissolution of an engagement ............................................... ..... 101

Dowry (More) .............................................. ........................... 101

Male plural marriage ............................................... ............... 102

10


The prohibition for women to marry more than one man ... 103

Marriage ................................................. ........................ 104

The time marriage (Mut'a) ........................................... ..................... 104

Women whom a man cannot marry ................................ 105

Unrestricted marriage ban ................................................ .105

Temporary ban on marriage ............................................... ..107

Divorce................................................. ............................... 109

Haram-Divorces................................................ ............... 109

To marry the divorced wife again ............ 110

Mahram and Non-Mahram ............................................... ... 111

Prohibitions in dealing with persons of the non-mahram .......... 111

Hurmetul Musaharah

(Ban on marriage with relatives by marriage) ...................... 112

HalalandHaram in business life

Haram for purchase transactions ................................................ ..... 113

At- and Sale of shares ............................................... .... 114

Deposit................................................. ................................... 114

Lure bids at auctions and Price gouging in retail ... 114

Transactions against deferred payments .......................... 115

Surcharge for differences in duration for temporary

Payment transactions ................................................. ................ 115

Profit margin ................................................. ........................ 116

Resales ................................................. ......................... 117

Advance payments (Aqdu Selem) ............................................. .117

Orders / productions ............................................... .... 118

At- and Sale of apartments,

that have been planned but not yet built ............................ 119

Hoarding goods,

in order to drive up their price (Ihtikar) ..................... 119

11


money

Loan (Qard) .............................................. ........................ 121

The money exchange (Sarf) ............................................. .............. 122

Interest (Riba ') ............................................. ............................ 123

The types of interest ................................................ ........................... 123

Loan interest ................................................. ......................... 124

Things Affected by Interest ...................................... 126

Reason (Illeh) for the evaluation

of interest as haram .............................................. ................ 127

Interest income on gold that is below the

Inflation rate are ................................................ ................. 128

Gold purchase and -sale with later payment .................. 128

Bonds and public treasury bills ................................ 129

Late payment fees ................................................. ................... 129

Use of interest income for payment

a tax liability ................................................ ................... 130

Shopping with a credit card .............................................. 130

Interest earned in a non-Muslim country ....................... 130

ask and Answers on various topics

Questions about manholes ............................................... ............. 131

Questions about fish and Seafood ...................................... 132

Questions about gold and Silver................................................. ..... 134

Questions about the use of silk ............................................ 135

Questions about dealing with non-Muslims ............................... 136

Questions about correct behavior when eating ........................... 138

Questions about the pubic area of ​​the human being (awreh) ................ 140

Questions about menstruation ............................................... .......... 142

Questions about marriage ............................................... ........ 144

Other questions................................................ ....................... 146

LIST OF FOREIGN WORDS ............................................. 150

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Foreword by the author

In order to live a godly life, one must

obey the rules of Allah Most High. This is just

then possible if you choose between permitted (halal) and

forbidden (haram) things and Distinguish actions

can. But especially in our modern western world

the limits of what is allowed and Prohibited more and more difficult

to tell apart, much is blurred and there will always be

harder to see what things and Actions

allowed and which are forbidden. For this Grande we have

wrote this little book. It is supposed to be in his

To give help in everyday life to reach the limits of Allah's

The sublime not to be exceeded.

As in all of our factories, our judgments are based on

of the Hanefite school of law.

Only when there are important differences in views,

we have the judgments of the Shafi‘ite School of Law in

reproduced in the footnotes. In some cases where it's us

seemed important, we also have the views of the Maliki

and of the Hanbelite school of law noted in the footnote.

Despite our best efforts, we may or may not have made mistakes

have neglected important aspects. Therefore look forward

we look forward to constructive criticism of our work and become

take this into account in the next editions if necessary.

All success comes from Allah.

Hasip Asutay

13


Translation team comments:

• Reproduction of the hadiths cited in this book and

Ayets was done analogously.

• If two different legal judgments of the scholars in

be juxtaposed with this book without any afterwards

a rating is made (such as the rating

"The fetwa is pronounced after Imam Ebu Yusuf"),

then the reader is free to choose between these.

• Is the original Turkish in the footnotes

The spelling of the sources has been retained, so are

these taken from the original. Footnotes in which

the sources in the European transliteration script of the

Arabic are additions to the

Translation teams

Definition of important terms

Haram

The term “haram” roughly means: “prohibition, sin”. Haram

are all those words, deeds and Things whose omission

the lawgiver (Allah) ongrand one unequivocal and

unchangeable reference from the Noble Quran or from

several parallel chains of narration (Hadith

mutewatir) has made authentic Sunneh mandatory.

Example: fornication and the enjoyment of intoxicating drinks.

Whoever carries out forbidden acts will be in the hereafter for it

punished if he does not sincerely regret it or Allah der

Sublime not forgive him. On the other hand, someone who does

Do not exceed the prohibitions of Allah, rewarded for it.Who that

Prohibition of acts that are clearly haram, denied,

thereby becomes an unbeliever.

14


Haram li aynihi

Haram li aynihi ”means:“ immediate prohibition, something in itself

Prohibited ”. Things that are haram li aynihi are grandadditionally

prohibited, because the cause of the prohibition is in the matter itself

justified. So is the consumption of blood, or pork

Wine from Allah the Most High is strictly forbidden in the Noble Quran

been. Whoever declares things to be allowed that are haram li aynihi,

thereby becomes an unbeliever.

Haram li ghayrihi

Haram li ghayrihi “means:“ Indirect prohibition; under

forbidden in certain circumstances ”. Things that haram li ghayrihi

are, are grandadditionally allowed. First the special work

Circumstances lead to their ban. For example, the

Sexual intercourse with one's own wife grandadditionally

allowed. Only the woman's menstrual period leads to one

(Temporary) ban on sexual intercourse with her.

• Mekruh

"Mekruh" means: "Abhorred, hated, repugnant,

reprehensible; Repugnance, abomination ”. With mekruh

reprehensible acts or words are designated. The

Islamic law distinguishes between mekruh tahrimen and

mekruh tenzihen.

• Mekruh tahrimen

"Mekruh tahrimen" means: "Forbidden abomination,

Reprehensibility, repugnance ”. According to the definition of the

Islamic legal scholar is one with mekruh tahrimen

Reprehensible matter meant very close to the ban

comes. The difference between haram and mekruh tahrimen

is simply that the former is irrevocable

Evidence from the Noble Quran or Sunneh is clearly prohibited

was, while the latter means an ambiguous and

15


unchangeable reference from the Noble Quran or based on

of not several parallel chains of tradition,

but only more authentic ones that have been handed down in individual chains

Sunneh is occupied (hadith ahad). At mekruh tahrimen stays

so there is still a little room for interpretation, since the Quran verse,

which was used as evidence for the judgment, theoretically

could also be interpreted differently or because the hadith that

serves as evidence for the judgment, is not transmitted quite as strongly

like a hadith mutewatir.

Divine punishment for performing an act known as

mekruh tahrimen is the same as for an act

which is classified as haram. But who denies that something

mekruh tahrimen is - for the reasons mentioned above -

thereby not to the unbeliever.

• Mekruh tenzihen

“Mekruh tenzihen” means: “To keep away from one

Reprehensibility, abomination ”. Will an act as mekruh

tenzihen, it means that this act is not

is welcome, but is tolerated by the lawgiver (Allah).

So one is neither from Allah the Exalted for such an act

punished nor censured. Even so, it is better to tenzihen Mekruh

to avoid, because otherwise one acts against the better and

More excellent.

Halal

Halal“Means:“ what is permitted, permitted; lawful, legitimate ".

The term halal denotes everything according to Islamic law

allowed is. Much has been made explicit by Allah the Exalted in the

Noble Quran or from the Messenger of Allah (saas) allowed.

In addition, the old legal framework appliesandsentence: The silence of the

Law legitimizes the act.

16


Anyone who forbids actions that are clearly halal becomes a

Unbelievers.

Sizeandadditional considerations on halal and haram

Before we begin the practical part of this book,

we want a few grandadditional considerations on the subject

halal and employ haram:

1st rightandsentence: Everything that is not forbidden is

grandadditionally allowed

• Grandin addition, all things are allowed. Only when the

Lawgiver (Allah) a prohibition regarding any thing or

has stated a fact, these are prohibited.

So the old legal group also applies in Islamandsentence: “Allowed

is everything for which the laws are silent. ”The Islamic

Scholars lead this Grandsentence of the following two

Quran verses:

"It is He who created everything on earth for you."

“He made what was in the

Heavens and is on earth; everything is from Him ”2

1) Only and Allah the Most High alone decides

about what's halal and what is haram

• According to the Islamic legal conception is only and alone

Allah the Most High entitled to something for halal or

to explain haram. Regardless of its social

Position or function no one has the right

to refer to something as halal or haram on its own.

1 El-Baqarah, verse 29.

2 El-Ghathiyeh, 13th

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That the Prophet (saas) allowed some things and other

forbade, was done according to the will of Allah Most High.

In the Noble Quran it says:

“He (the Prophet) commands them to be right and

forbids them to do wrong, and allow them that

Quality and deny them the bad. ”3

2) The Muslim is not dependent on the forbidden, because

there are enough things allowed

• What is forbidden in Islam is either as a whole

harmful or the harm associated with the use of a

Thing that goes along with it is greater than its usefulness. In Islam

A lot is allowed, nobody is dependent on the forbidden.

For example, interest is forbidden, but trading

allowed; Fornication is forbidden, but marriage is allowed; impure

and harmful foods are banned, pure and

totalandbut generally harmless food is allowed.

3) Everything that leads to haram is also haram

• In Islam, not only are the forbidden acts

itself forbidden, but also everything that is forbidden

Actions. So, for example, is not only

fornication itself is forbidden, but also all acts

which can lead to fornication, such as nudity in the

Public, provocative images or more seductive

Singing. Women and Men who are neither in a near

Are related to each other (mahram),

are still married, the

3 El-E'raf, verse 157. The Sunneh of the Messenger of Allah (saas)

it was not the result of arbitrary decisions or any whims

of the Messenger (saas), but is the will of Allah. Proof: “Your

Companion (Muhammed) is not wrong and was not fooled. Still

he speaks of his own accord. ”(En-Nedschm, verse 2f).

18


They are still allowed to shake hands - without being present

Third - staying together in a room because such

Actions could lead to fornication. 4th

4) Haram remains haram

• Often label fraud is carried out with things that

haram are: you simply rename things and veiled

by being banned. Examples: Interest is what you call

Profit, pornography is called art, bribery

is called a little gift. Already the prophet

(s.a.w.s.) pointed this out in a Hadith 5:

“They [people from my Ummeh] will him (the

Alcohol) by another name and him

then declare it allowed. ”6

5) Even the best intentions do not justify them

prohibited act

• In Islam, great emphasis is placed on the intention that a

Believer grabs before starting any action. To

said the Messenger (saas):

"Every action is (judged) according to its intention". 7th

4 So the motto is: “Defend against the beginnings!” These rules become

ridiculed by some critics of Islam. But if you do

In reality, one can see that these precautionary measures -

also in working life - more than justified.

5 Hadith, Pl. Ehadith: “Report, narrative, tradition, transmission”.

Subject-specific: All that the Messenger (s.a.w.s.) in words,

Deeds, tacit approval (teqrir), physical characteristics and

Character traits is attributed.

6 Cf. Fethul Bari Scherhu Sahihul Bukhari: Kitabul Eschrabeh: “Ma

dscha’e fimen yestehillu el-Khamr we yusemmihi bi ghayri Ismihi ".

This saying of the Messenger (s.a.w.s.) was still proven to be true

Lifetime of our mother Aisha (r.a.) when the people in Syria alcohol

soak and called this fruit syrup (Tileh) (cf. ibid.).

7 Bukhari: Iman, No. 54.

19


• But even a good resolution to an action does not change anything

that a prohibited thing is prohibited. Example:

Even then, gambling is not part of Islamic law

allowed, if one intends to take advantage of it for the

Construction of a mosque or for the support of the needy

to use.

6) One should definitely stay away from dubious things

keep away

• What is classified as halal or haram in Islam is

clearly defined. But in between there is a gray area, so

Things or actions that many are unsure of

whether they are allowed or forbidden. The pious Muslim

should stay away from these things too. The envoy

Allah (saas) said the following about this:

“What was allowed was clearly stated and the

Prohibited things were clearly stated. Between

the dubious things. Most people

is not known [their religious evaluation]. Who before

Backs away at the doubtful, preserves his faith

and his honor. Who (but) focuses on the doubtful

gets involved, gets involved (also) with the forbidden. (He is)

like the shepherd who (his animals) around the protected

District grazes around. Little is missing that he (his

Animals) graze in the holy district. Verily everyone

The ruler has his holy district! Verily he

holy district of Allah consists of His prohibitions! ”8

7) Need justifies exceeding the commandment

• In Islam there is only a manageable number of

Forbidden. Still it is allowed to exceed the limits of the prohibitions

to exceed in an emergency. Allah the Most Burdensome

8 Muslim: Musaqah, no.1599.

20


his servants not unduly. He allows it in need

Advised, things that were forbidden to him in normal times

are to eat, drink or otherwise use.

After Allah the Most Exalted in a verse of the Qur'an

Consuming certain foods is declared haram, he continues

and says:

“But when someone is compelled to do without (it)

desire and without exceeding the limit, so hits

him no fault; verily Allah is Forgiving

Merciful. ”9

When to say the Besmeleh before a forbidden

Action leads to apostasy

Does someone speak the Besmeleh before a prohibited act

the intention of disregarding the and Prohibitions of Allah,

then by doing so he falls away from the faith. But does someone speak that

Besmeleh before a prohibited act because he used to

is to begin every action with the besmeleh, it falls

thereby not deviating from faith. 10

9 El-Baqarah 173.

10 Tahtawi, p. 4.

21


The slaughter and the consumption of

Animals

Land animals

Land animals whose meat may be consumed

The land animals whose meat may be consumed are in

divided into four groups:

2. farm animals such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, camel, donkey 11,

Chicken, goose, duck and Turkey.

3. Wild animals such as roe deer, stag, wild cattle, gazelle, mountain goat,

Rabbit, zebra and Giraffe. 12th

4.Birds that are not birds of prey, such as a sparrow, pigeon, quail,

Star, swallow, peacock, hoopoe 13 and Parrot. 14th

5. Locusts. The Sunneh clearly shows that

that the consumption of locusts is allowed. 15th

11 The consumption of wild asses is permitted, but the consumption of house donkeys is not

(See Reddul Muhtar, Volume 9, Page 508).

12 According to the preferred opinion of the Shafi‘ite school of law

the meat of giraffes haram.

13 The consumption of the hoopoe is mekruh tahrimen, (cf.Reddul Muhtar,

Volume 9, page 510).

14 According to Shafi‘ite scholars, the flesh is from

Bat, swallow, peacock, hoopoe and Parrot haram (cf.

Reddul Muhtar, Volume 9, Page 511).

15 Even if the grasshopper is found deadandshe is allowed to

be eaten (cf. Reddul Muhtar, Volume 9, Page 512).

22