Removes alum plaque
With toothpaste and the right brushing technique, deposits can be removed as far as possible. Dental floss and interdental brushes are also recommended for cleaning inaccessible areas. There are many aids for dental care.
While the Stone Age man did not have to take any special measures for dental care due to a diet rich in fiber and low in carbohydrates, the ancient Egyptians and Romans already came up with something against annoying plaque. The Egyptians are known to rub their teeth with a mixture of pumice stone powder and vinegar. In ancient Rome, urine was supposed to keep teeth healthy. In the Middle Ages, the recipes for the first toothpastes became more complicated: deer horn ash, mastic, salt, alum and myrrh ended up in the pastes, but simple creams made from whipped chalk or natural limestone were also widespread.
How do you get white teeth? More about toothpaste.
To this day, toothpastes work with the same principle as their historical predecessors: Fine cleaning particles are supposed to rub the plaque off the tooth surfaces when you brush your teeth. A fifth to half of the toothpaste consists of these fine polishing bodies, which are usually made of silica or plastic.
In addition, toothpastes often contain foaming agents and certain substances that have germicidal, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. When buying toothpastes, it should be noted that it also contains fluoride (around 1,500 ppm in adults) to prevent tooth decay. Pastes advertised as whiteners are only recommended to a very limited extent. They often contain abrasive cleaning particles and can thus rub off tooth enamel too much.
Brush your teeth: know how!
Even when choosing a toothbrush, you should not fall back on the first product that comes your way. A brush with a non-slip, stiff handle, a short head and normal hard bristles is ideal for average use. The short head allows you to reach hidden areas, the stiff handle gives the best control over the brushing movements.
After use, the Brush should be stored dry, on average a new copy should be made every two months be purchased. Last but not least, the brushing technique determines the success of dental care. The rule still applies: Brush from red to white. This should be done thoroughly, but not with overzealousness (if you want to know exactly, you can check your contact pressure with the kitchen scales. The optimum is around 150 grams). At least Brush your teeth twice a day with a pea-sized amount of toothpaste for about two minutes is sufficient to ensure effective protection against harmful bacteria.
Electric toothbrush for better oral hygiene
Electric toothbrushes are also widespread and extremely practical for brushing teeth these days. To get straight to the point: When it comes to the thoroughness and efficiency of cleaning, they are a step ahead of manual toothbrushes. Their high-frequency vibrating brush heads reach spaces between teeth and tooth surfaces far back in the mouth more easily. The interchangeable brush heads can simply be exchanged regularly.
Whether oscillating toothbrushes or so-called ultrasonic toothbrushes are used does not matter for the end result. Stiftung Warentest took a closer look at various models from several manufacturers and found a wide range of offers. The evaluation showed that a product classified as “very good” is already available for 30 euros. An electric toothbrush is therefore more recommended than a manual toothbrush, especially for the elderly and people with limited mobility.
Special care aids for the "more mature" teeth
With increasing age, the “problem areas” in human teeth also shift. The distance between the teeth increases, the tooth necks are no longer completely covered by the gums, are partially exposed and the tooth enamel also needs more care. In adults, therefore, tooth necks and the side walls of the teeth between the molars are increasingly the target of caries bacteria.
Therefore, other dental care aids for oral hygiene should be used as early as possible in addition to the toothbrush. The is particularly suitable for cleaning the interdental spaces Floss. Regardless of whether it is waxed or unwaxed, with or without menthol: plaque residues that the brush cannot reach can be removed as far as possible while threading. Those who use dental floss for the first time will find it tedious to clean the 30 spaces between them. There will probably also be bleeding in one or the other space. But the effort is worth it. Most of the time, the wiped-off biofilms can be easily recognized and the bleeding from the irritated gums also disappears over time. With a little routine, the threading is done in a short time and the good feeling of optimal dental care compensates for the additional effort.
Fine brushes for the interdental spaces
In addition to dental floss, interdental brushes also help remove the biofilm between the teeth. They are available in different sizes, which can then be used depending on the tooth spacing. Similar to a toothbrush, they clean the tooth surfaces and fight plaque particularly well at the transition from the gum to the tooth.
Even with these small brushes, the oral cavity needs a certain period of getting used to, during which bleeding can occur. After a few days, however, the user is safer to use and the gums are used to the procedure. The risk of caries and periodontis affecting the chewing surfaces is significantly reduced by removing the plaque.
Mouth irrigators are only moderately caring
Oral irrigators have also been on the market for dental care in the home for a long time. They are not promoted with priority, but lead a constant niche existence in the electronics stores. The reason for their inconspicuous existence is their controversial use: Although oral irrigators flush larger food residues from between the teeth.
But they are not able to remove plaque with the jet of water alone. In addition, there is a risk for people with deep gum pockets that food residues will be pushed deep into these pockets and thus the condition of the teeth holding apparatus will deteriorate further. Many dentists therefore advise their patients against buying an oral irrigator.
Mouthwashes are not a substitute for toothbrushes
In addition to purely mechanical means, bacteria in the oral cavity can also be combated with certain active ingredients. Various substances in mouthwashes and mouthwash solutions cause the rapid death of a number of pathogens. It is scientifically proven that the use of a rinsing solution can massively reduce the number of germs. Dental care with a brush and other aids can never replace them.
On the one hand, the solution does not sufficiently remove dangerous plaque; on the other hand, it does not kill bacteria that are located deep in the plaque. Experts also point out that the “chemical club” makes no distinction between harmful and harmless bacteria. After a rinse, the entire salivary flora has to regenerate, although it is not said that potentially harmful germs do not have an advantage here.
All clean? Coloring tablets provide the proof
How thoroughly the various dental care measures have fought plaque and bacteria can be checked by anyone with a coloring tablet from the pharmacy. After chewing the tablet, any remaining deposits turn dark. Then it says: brush or floss have to be used again. The tablet is completely harmless and an excellent tool for demonstrating the weak points of daily dental care.
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