Where is the ONGC energy center
India refinery. Rosneft agreed on joint projects between India and Russia
- The deepest well
The world record for drilling the longest wells in the world belongs to the Russian project "Sakhalin-1". In April 2015, the consortium participants (Russian "Rosneft", American Exxonmobil, Japanese Sodeco and Indian Ongc) were in the tea depth of 13,500 m in a trunk with horizontal displacement with a length of 12 033 m. Recording for deep water drilling belongs to Indian Ongc: Im January 2013 the east coast of India explored a depth of 3,165 m.
The well, drilled "Orlane", 2 kilometers deeper than the Marian Depression. Photo: Rosneft.
- The largest drilling platform
In this nomination, the "Sakhalin-1" project becomes the project again: In June 2014, the "Berkut" platform in the Arkutun Dagi field was commissioned. Height with a 50-story house (144 m) and weighing more than 200 thousand tons, it is able to withstand the onslaught of 20 meters of waves, earthquakes with a force of up to 9 points on the Richter scale and temperature down to -45 To withstand degrees Celsius with gusts of wind up to 120 km per hour. Berkut cost a consortium of $ 12 billion to build.
"Berkut", the world's largest drilling platform, cost $ 12 billion. Photo: exxonmobil
- The highest drilling platform The most notable "rising" among the drilling platforms has a deep-water oil field platform Petronius (managed by Chevron and Marathon Oil Corporation Compors). Its height is 609.9 m, of which it is only 75 m. The total weight of the design is 43 thousand tons. The platform operates 130 miles from the New Orleans coast in the Petronius field in the Gulf of Mexico.
- The deep water drilling platform
When Shell Concern rented a Potido block in the Gulf of Mexico, oil companies were able to develop deposits at depths of no more than 1,000 meters. Then it seemed that the development of technology had reached its limit. Today the Perdido platform is at a depth of 2,450 m, and this is the deepest water drilling and operating platform in the world. Perdido - a real wonder of the technical point of time of its time. The fact is that it is impossible to install the platform at such extreme depths. Engineers also had to take into account the difficult weather conditions at these latitudes: hurricanes, storms and strong currents. To solve the problem, a unique engineering solution was found: the upper buildings of the platform attached to a floating support, after which the whole design was bored with steel plating cables on sea day.
Perdido, not only one of the most beautiful, but also the deep water drill. Photo: Texas Charter Fleet
The largest oil tanker and at the same time the largest SEA ship built in the 20th century was in ocean giant. The supertanker was almost 69 m wide and had a length of 458.5 m - it is 85 m more than the height of the tower of the Federation - the tallest building in Europe itself. Seawise Giant has the speed of up to 13 knots (approx. 21 km per hour) and had a loading capacity of almost 650,000 m3 of oil (4.1 million barrels). The super tanker was introduced in 1981, and for its nearly 30-year history, several owners and names changed, and even tolerated crashes that hit the lights of the Iraqi Air Force during the first Persian Gulf War. In 2010, the ship was forcibly thrown ashore against the Indian city of Alang, where its body was recyclable during the year. However, one of the giant anchors' 36-tonne systems has been retained for history: it is now exposed in the exhibition at the Maritime Museum in Hong Kong.
The expanded oil pipeline is "Eastern Siberia - Pacific" with a capacity of around 80 million tons of oil per year. Its length from Taishet to Kozmino Bay in the Gulf of Nakhodka is 4857 km, and taking into account the branch from Skovorodino to Datssin (PRC) - another 1023 km (i.e. 5880 km). The project was launched at the end of 2012. The cost amounted to 624 billion rubles. Among the gas pipelines, the record for 2013 is owned by the Chinese "West-East" project. The total length of the gas pipeline is 8704 km (including a main line and 8 regional branches). The power of the pipeline is 30 billion cubic meters of gas per year, the cost of the project was about 22 billion US dollars.
The Espo Horizon Oil Pipeline. Photo: Transneft.
The record holder between deep water pipelines is the Russian North Brook, which goes from the Russian Vyborg to German Luminum on the bottom of the Baltic Sea. This is at the same time the deepest (maximum depth of the pipelines 210 m) and the longest route (1 124 km) among all underwater pipelines in the world. Bandwidth pipeline - 55 billion cubic meters. M gas per year (2 threads). The project costs introduced in 2012 amounted to 7.4 billion euros.
Laying the sea section of the Nord Stream gas pipeline. Photo: Gazprom.
- The largest deposit.
"King of Giants" is a middle name of the largest and perhaps the most mysterious oil field in the world - Garwar in Saudi Arabia. Its dimensions are amazing, even the most skilled geologists - 280 km 30 km and the Gavar to rank the largest of the world's developed oil reserves. The field is fully owned by the state and administered by the Saudi Aramco State Committee. And that's why it knows very little about him: the real current production ads are not revealed by any company or government. All information about Gavar is mainly collected historically from accidental technical publications and rumors. In April 2010, the Vice President of Aramco Saad al-Tradek told Saudi Media that the resources of the field are really limitless: in 65 years of development it already has more than 65 billion barrels of oil and at the same time the company is evaluating the remaining resources of the deposit in more than 100 billion barrels. According to experts from the International Energy Agency, this figure is modest - 74 billion barrels. Among the gas giants, the title of the guide belongs to the Northern / Southern Pars, which are located in the central part of the Persian Gulf, in the territorial waters of Iran (South Pars) and Qatar (North). Cumulative deposits are estimated at 28 trillion. Cube M gas and 7 billion tons of oil.
The largest and one of the most mysterious fields in the world. Graphics: GEO Science World
- The largest refinery
The world's largest oil refining plant is located in Jamnagar, India. Its capacity - without small 70 million tons per year (for comparison: the largest plant in Russia - the Kirishi refinery "Surgutneftegaz" - three times less - only 22 million tons per year). The facility in Jamnagar occupies the territory of more than 3 thousand hectares and is surrounded by an impressive mango forest. Incidentally, this plantation in 100,000 trees brings additional income to the plant: around 7,000 tons of mango are sold annually. The Jamnagar refinery is private, it belongs to Reliance Industries Limited, whose head and owner-Mukesh Ambani is the richest man in India. Forbes magazine estimates its condition at $ 21 billion and ranks 39th on the list of the richest people in the world.
The power of Jamangar is three times that of the largest Russian refinery. Photo: projehesap.com.
77 million tons per year - that's that much LNg at the industrial sites of Ras Laffan - a unique energy hub located in Qatar and the world's largest center for the production of liquefied natural gas unique field north, 80 km from the coast of Ras Laffan. The first power of the energy center was launched in 1996. Today Lafan is located in 295 square meters. Km (of which 56 square meters. Km it is a port) and has 14 queues for the production of LNG. Four of them (7.8 million tons each) are the largest in the world. Among the "attractions" of Power Morod - oil and gas processing plants, power plants (including solar), oil and gas chemistry and the world's largest synthetic liquid fuel production facility - Pearl GTL (140,000 barrels per day).
The Pearl GTL plant (in the photo) is only part of the RAS-Laffan Energy Hub. Photo: Qatargas.
Drill Petronius almost twice the height of the "Federation" tower - 609 versus 343 meters. Photo: primofish.com.
Rosneft, who recently sold Indian state-owned companies in two areas in eastern Siberia, along with Trafigura and UCP Ilya Shcherbovich, are buying essar oil - the second largest refinery in India. The transaction creates "unique" opportunities for deliveries to Asia, said Igor SECHIN
ESSAR oil oil refinery in the western state of Gujarat, India (Photo: Reuters / Pixstream)
Plant for Rosneft.
Rosneft, Dutch Oil Trafigura, one of the largest sellers of its oil, and the UCP Foundation Ilya Shcherbovich (2012-2013 to join the Rosneft Board of Directors) signed contracts for the purchase of 98% ESSAR oil from ESSAR energy stocks and connected to IT -Companies owned by Billiam Brothers Shashi and Ravi Ruyia. This is stated in Essar. Rosneft acquires 49%, clarifies its press service. And the consortium led by Trafigura and UCP - another 49%, companies reported.
The deal was announced on Saturday, October 15, in the presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Indian Prime Minister Narendra MII at the BRICS summit in Goa.
Edible oil owns the second largest in India from a private oil refinery (refinery, power - 20 million tons per year, 9% of local market), world class refinery, port and developed infrastructure for importing and exporting oil and petroleum products in near the city of Vader as well as a network of more than 2.7 thousand gas stations in India are indicated in Trafigura and UCP messages. The ESSAR Multidisciplinary Group decided to monetize one of its most important assets after Rosneft and other overseas companies "showed great interest" to buy a stake in Essen oil, the company said.The funds from the transaction allow the group to reduce nearly 50% of its debt, which is approximately $ 13 billion.
The Trafigura and UCP consortium also joined one of the ESSAR structures, three companies have entered into a "strategic partnership", the press services reported. Trafigura and UCP get around 24% in Estsöl, and the ESSAR structure is around 1%, follows from their messages. This is how the deal is structured, the Ruyia brothers decided to leave a small stake in the company, told RBC the source close to one of the participants in the transaction.
The total "acquisition cost" of 100% ESSAR oil (including debt) is $ 12.9 billion, the press service of Rosneft reports. ESSAR oil was valued at USD 10.9 billion with a refinery with a refinery and a network of gas stations and a further USD 2 billion - the port in Vader and the accompanying infrastructure clarifies ESSAR. According to Reuters, ESSAR oil debt is $ 4.7 billion, so 100% partners should pay $ 8.2 billion. The ESSAR message indicates that the transaction is entirely monetary.
Essar oil stocks were valued at about $ 5.8 billion - as much as the company was the exchange before it was loaded, told journalists at Essar Group's briefing director Prashant Ruyia (son of one of the group's primary owners - Shash Ruya). To account for the port, that cost Indian assets of $ 7.8 billion. Based on this amount, Rosneft will pay about 3.8 billion US dollars in 49%, and Trafigura and UCP - 1.9 billion US dollars in the report of the Russian State Committee, which announced the price of this package is defined "on the basis of the actual value of net debt and clean working capital. At the time of closing the deal. "Rosneft is expected to pay around $ 3.5 billion for its package, its agent explained. This confirmed the amount VTB Andrey. Kostin, VTB, acted as advisor to the sellers - the ESSAR Group, reports Bloomberg. VTB will also provide ESSAR with an additional $ 3.9 billion for debt restructuring, he added. "This is the largest investment in the history of India" Kostin (quote on TASS).
For Rosneft, the acquisition of a stake in the Indian company is "a historic event," said SACHIN (his words are provided in the company's report): It is one of the most promising and rapidly growing markets in the world. According to the International Energy Agency, India is the world's leading growth in oil consumption and will be the third largest buyer bypassing Japan according to 2016 results. This transaction creates "unique synergistic capabilities" for existing Rosneft assets and for the planned Rosneft projects and opens up the efficiency of deliveries to other countries in the Asia-Pacific region, such as Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, on growth rates, such as Indonesia , Vietnam, Philippines, Australia added the head of the Russian State Committee.
The main sources of synergy will have the ability to process Venezuelan heavy oil, the offering agreement that Rosneft signed with PDVSA in the summer of 2016 (plans to sell 10 million tons of Venezuelan oil annually to the ESSAR oil refinery for ten years) and the Delivery of petroleum products to the Asian markets, which increase the profitability of the activities of the Indian refineries, the company is explained in the company. The clarifying questions in the Rosneft press service did not respond.
A representative of Trafigura Victoria Dix told RBC that the purchase will be carried out with the participation of the borrowed bank financing (secured by the RFZ shares) and its own funds. According to the Indian NDTV, Trafigura received a loan for this transaction from VTB and can later sell its stake in Essenöl (24%) to Rosneft. VTB's head Andrei Kostin stated that the bank could not offer the transaction to either Trafigura or Rosneft. DIX and Rosneft representatives do not comment on the issue of selling ESSAR oil stocks. And the source close to one of the participants in the deal claims that there is no option to sell in either Trafigura or UCP. The UCP representative declined to comment.
This transaction shows how the largest oil producing countries are being invested in the refinery in the refinery to meet the demand for their products against the backdrop of the intense battle for market share between the member states of the OPEC member states and not to extend to the consortium producers, writes Bloomberg . Similarly, Saudi Arabia buys Aramco from factories around the world - from Indonesia to the United States.
Billions of India.
As part of the Rosneft Summit, Rosneft also signed an agreement to prepare to close the transaction on the sale of an Indian Ongc ingcs an additional 11% of Vankornsft for approximately $ 930 million, the Russian company reported on Saturday. This transaction has already been approved by the Government Commission on Foreign Investment in Russia and the Equalization Committee of Economy of the Government of India, it is planned to be completed by the end of October.
ONGC bought the first 15% "Wanneft" in May for $ 1.27 billion, and on October 5, Rosneft sold an additional 23.9% of its subsidiary to the consortium of Indian companies consisting of Oil India, Indian Oil Corporation and Bharat Petresorces, approximately $ 2.02 billion over a series of transactions in just six months, Rosneft sold 49% of Vankorneft for $ 4.22 billion while controls were in place. Rosneft will quickly complete the implementation of the project to create a unique international energy hub based on the Vankor cluster, the company says.
Wanneft has commissioned the largest deposits in Russia in the last 25 years: On January 1, 2016, the oil reserves amounted to 265 million tons of oil and condensate, 88 billion cubic meters. M gas. In 2015, 22 million tons of oil and 8.7 billion cubic meters were produced at the bail. M gas.
Gas for India
On the fields of Gazprom Gazprom Summi fields, Alexey Miller and Managing Director of Engineers India Sanja Gupta, signed a memorandum of understanding that "reflects the interest of the parties in a joint study of pipeline gas supply routes from Russia and other countries to India" said the Gazprom press service. In order to implement this memorandum, the parties are forming a working group.
"I am convinced Gazprom and Indian companies have significant prospects for mutually beneficial cooperation in the gas sphere," said Miller. According to him, the consumption of gas of India in 2015 amounted to 56.5 billion cubic meters., At the same time, their own production is decreasing, and the share of imports "dynamically" is growing. The need to import gas until 2022 will increase three times and until 2030 - it has already been more than six times, he said.
In the Russian-Indian negotiations "it was about the offer of not only a pipeline, but also a liquefied gas, the second phase of the" Arctic SPG-2 "project to Novatek, additional E-Energy Minister Alexander Novak. Russia invites Indian companies to not only to participate in the capital of the Arctic SPG-2, but also in the delivery of liquefied natural gas (LNG) for India, he explained.
The same consortium in early October-Rosneft share in the same project in eastern Siberia - 29.9% of the TAS-yuras of Neftegazodylyobychy, which is developing with medium exposure to the oil and gas condensate deposit, - for $ 1.12 billion .
In addition, Rosneft and an expanded consortium that already consists of five Indian state-owned companies (Oil India, Indian Oil Corporation, Bharat Petroesources, ONGC and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation) insisted on expanding their cooperation in Russia: they intend to start negotiations on the possible acquisition of shares in Suzun, Tagul and Bootsfeld, which also belong to the Russian company. These three deposits are considered a "single asset," the report says.
"The consortium invested in India and has the capacity of 20 million tons of oil per year. And the partners in this consortium plan to increase processing," said the Minister of Oil, Gas and Metallurgy of Dharmendra Pradhan, "in early September, in one Interview with Vedomosti. "Vedomosti" found out what he said: Rosneft and the largest producer of petroleum products in Saudi Arabia Sabic Mai in mid-October sign a memorandum in mid-October on the development of the Indian asset "Rosneft" and its partners - the oil refinery of Nayara Energy The Memorandum of Understanding can be signed during the visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to Saudi Arabia, "Vedomosti" told two people familiar with the Russian delegation's agenda and confirmed a person close to one of the Companies that will sign a memorandum that will sign a memorandum.
"Rosneft" Together with partners in 2017 I bought Nayara Energy - the former ESSAR oil - from the Indian ESSAR group for 10.9 billion US dollars. Rosneft paid 49% of the company of 3.9 billion US dollars. With her, the project of UCP Ilya Scherbovich was invested in her and his partners and trader Traffura - their general effective share is 49%. Another 2% remained in the ESSAR group.
Investments in the development of Nayara energy could reach $ 6.7 billion, two inter-editors from Vedomosti said. For this money it is possible to build a rather large oil refining plant with a capacity of 10-15 million tons per year with Scraper, the director of Fitch Dmitry Marinchenko Corporations Department.
Memorandum, according to the opponents of Vedomosti, during the preparation, its signing can also be postponed. Will SABIC invest in building new capacity in Nayara energy or become a technology partner, they will not speak. The way you finance the project is structured, it is not known.One of the interlocutors indicated that we can talk about joint investments, but it was not possible to confirm this "vedomosti".
Representatives from Rosneft, Sabic, UCP, Trafigura and the Russian and Indian energy ministries did not respond to Vedomosti's questions. The list of documents to be signed during the visit has not yet been agreed, said President's press secretary Dmitry Sadkov.
Production on Nayara energy can be geared mainly towards the growth of the Indian domestic market, partners can buy oil where it is cheaper - from Venezuela to Russia and Saudi Arabia, said Raiffeisenbank analyst Andrei Polishchuk. In 2018, India consumed an average of 5.16 million barrels. Petroleum products per day, experts write BP Statistical Review, and according to the International Energy Agency, it turned out to be 4.86 million. OPEC that the country generates 5.37 million barr. Petroleum products per day, of which 1.34 million barrels export., And imported 790,000 barrels. Russia and "Rosneft", in particular, can use the growth in demand to increase the supply of oil to India, believes PolySchuk.
SABIC is ready to take part in foreign projects, as a rule, the company wants to get a large share, which Polishchuk raises. "Saudi Arabia is actively investing in oil refining and petrochemicals outside the kingdom to ensure long-term demand for its own oil and diversifying cash flows," says Marinschenko. In the case of Nayara Energy's expansion, Saudi Arabia could supply that refinery with oil, he argues. Investing in the project together with SABIC, "Rosneft" will be able to share risks and perhaps attract money to develop Nayara energy, says analyst Akra Vasily Tanurkov. Although Rosneft has been in debt for the past four years In the last four years, the company has carefully applied almost 4 EBITDA to 2.3 EBITDA to additional bond investments in the second quarter of this year, he notes. The key strategic acquisitions that were made during the periods of low oil prices, completed, "Rosneft" "Focused on the organic growth and monetization of synergies from the acquired assets," said the Chief Executive Officer of Igor Sechin in mid-2018. " It is impossible to rule out political interest in the transaction, "said Tanurkov.
Svetlana Barcharov took part in the preparation of the article
Rosneft closed the transaction to acquire 49% of refineries in India. The company is entering the promising and rapidly growing oil product market in the Asia-Pacific region. The transaction increases the volume of the company's oil resistance by 7%, analysts calculated for Izvestia. The contribution to Rosneft's net income for 2018 can reach $ 500 million.
ESSAR OIL LIMITED (EOL) Refineries The plant has a capacity of 20 million tons per year, the processing depth is 95.5%. More than half of all raw materials are heavy oil. A similar stake in 49.13% of the refinery on August 21 was acquired by a consortium of international investors that includes the Travigura International Trader and the UCP mutual funds. 2% remained in minority shareholders. In addition to the refinery as part of the integrated transaction, retail store, deep water port, reservoirs and power plant.
The refinery's configuration is one of the most technological in the Asia-Pacific region and has significant prospects for expanding petrochemical manufacturing development, under consideration, to Rosneft.
EOL has an extensive retail network. More than 3.5 thousand filling stations across India working under the ESSAR brand. The presence of this sales channel additionally improves the operational and financial indicators of the asset, - added to the company.
The acquisition of a stake in the Indian refinery creates "unique synergistic capabilities with existing Rosneft assets and will help improve the efficiency of deliveries to other countries in the region," Chief Executive Officer of Igor SECHIN, according to the results of the transaction , closed on August 21.
Analysts polled by "News" calculated that net profit growth in 2018, taking into account the refineries acquired, could reach $ 400 million to $ 500 million.
We estimate the contribution to Rosneft net income at $ 500 million, or about 6% of that indicator, as of 2018. We believe the additional potential lies in optimizing the supply of crude oil runs, "said UBS-Bank.
UBS analysts also calculated that the Indian refinery should increase total processing of Rosneft by about 7%.
In addition, the transaction opens up the fast growing Indian market for Rosneft and allows you to build a trading business in the region, "the bank said.
The exit to India's retail market may be timely as the consumption of petroleum products has resumed after a pause related to monetary reform, and the liberalization of the domestic motor fuel and liquefied hydrocarbon gas market, Uralsiba analysts are taken into account.
The oil product market in India is one of the most dynamic developing markets: the cumulative growth of India's GDP in 2013-2016 was 29.8%, counted a member of the Committee of the Committee of Commerce of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Russia on Energy Strategy Rustam Tankayev.
Assets of this scale and quality are rarely available in the market, which makes this transaction unique and valuable, - the experts summarized.
According to him, the availability of all the necessary infrastructure at the NPZ, the share in the mining projects in Venezuela and contracts for the supply of oil with the Venezuelan State Committee for PDVSA, Rosneft, will allow it to obtain significant operational synergies and strengthen the profitability of the refinery.
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