How did you get into reptile breeding

Encounters with nature 1, textbook

Reptiles Native lizards There are six species of lizard in Austria. Five of them belong to the lizard family, the sixth, the blindworm, belongs to the sneak family. The forest lizard has to warm up The forest lizard can be found preferably at altitudes between 500 and 2,000 m at the edges of the forest, on damp meadows, on clearcuts, rubble and scree as well as in swamps and moors. It is also known as the mountain lizard. As with all reptiles, the body temperature of the wood lizard is dependent on the ambient temperature. That is why you have to sunbathe first thing in the morning when the weather is nice. If the weather is cold and rainy, the lizards remain almost motionless in their hiding place. The forest lizard only becomes active when it reaches a certain body temperature and starts looking for food. Insects and their larvae, spiders and worms are eaten. If the lizard has seen a prey with its keen eyes, it begins to “lick”. The long tongue slides quickly out of the mouth and back again to absorb odorous substances from the prey. These are brought to the Jacobson’s organ located on the palate. If it is a suitable prey animal, the lizard snaps with its sharp teeth at lightning speed. The prey is swallowed whole. The forest lizard falls into winter rigor. In late summer, the animals eat a winter reserve. Between September and October they retreat to a frost-proof hiding place, such as a cave in the ground, and when the temperature drops further, they become frozen in winter. They won't appear again until mid-March. The forest lizard is oviparous. April to June is the breeding season. If a male willing to mate meets a female willing to mate, both press their cloacas against each other. This is where the male transfers his sperm. The young, on average three to ten, develop in soft-shelled eggs, which, however, are not laid, but hatched in the womb. This is where the young hatch in the spring of next year. Forest lizards are therefore oviparous. The young must immediately take care of themselves. The sand lizard and green lizard are also native to us. Along with the forest lizard, the sand lizard is the most common lizard species in Austria. The animals with an average size of 20 cm occur in all federal states. Types of lizards The lizards include lizards, sneaks, iguanas, geckos and chameleons. Lizards The forest lizard, sand lizard, green lizard, Croatian mountain lizard and wall lizard are native to Austria. Clear cutting Areas in the forest where the trees were felled Foraging Since reptiles do not need any energy to regulate their body temperature, their need for food is very low compared to that of mammals and birds. Jacobson’s organ All reptiles with the exception of chameleons and crocodiles have a more or less well developed Jacobson’s organ. The young of mammals and reptiles are born in different ways. Name and explain the differences. It's your turn! 3 Forest Lizard 4 Sand Lizard The green lizard can grow up to 40 cm. This makes it the largest species of lizard living in Austria. It is absent in the federal states of Salzburg, Tyrol and Vorarlberg. 116 For testing purposes only - property of the publisher öbv

Made with FlippingBook

RkJQdWJsaXNoZXIy ODE3MDE =